The World That Trade Created

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Anonymous
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31003
Filename:
The World That Trade Created
Updated:
2010-08-23 20:52:29
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AP World History
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History Summer Reading
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  1. Transportation
  2. Ships
    • Suez Canal- 1869
    • China's shipbuilding
    • Railroad- 19th century
    • Steam
    • Relates to change in geography
    • straddle different social areas and historical epochs
  3. Chocolate
    • discovered by Christopher Columbus (1502)
    • Mayans were using it as coins
    • Ascetic priests popularized it in Spain
    • considered Catholic drink at first
  4. Coffee
    • developed 1400 in Mocca
    • became Muslim drink
    • started out slowly as aristocratic drink in Europe
    • started trade by Jean de la Roque
    • seen as medicine
    • slowly used by laborers and then everybody
  5. Opium
    • traded by Europeans for Asians in exchange for tea (1700)
    • led to Opium War
    • initially a luxury
    • 1818- developed into cheaper form: crack
  6. Coca
    • used by Incans
    • used for medical and religious purposes
    • Spanish quest for silver => more coca use by laborers
    • Spanish looked down on coca until 1860 when transformed into cocaine for anesthetics
  7. Tea
    • from China (600 A.D)
    • traded with Turks and Mongols for warhorses
    • never shifted to New World to be grown
    • primarily used as medicine
    • later became national drink in England
    • Europeans traded Chinese tea for opium
  8. Sugar
    • domesticated in India by 300 B.C
    • Sao Tome- revolutionized
    • sugar plantations and slaves were used to produce enough for Europe
    • Haiti became sugar plantation for Europe also
  9. Rubber
    • Henry Wickham brought them over to Europe in 1876
    • originally in Amazon
    • brought much wealth to Amazon
    • Charles Macintosh made solvent for rubber
    • Charles Goodyear discovered process that made rubber impermeable
    • used in cars and bikes
  10. Gold
    • gold rush of California
    • James Marshall found gold and brought to Sutter
    • Mexicans didn't like it because it would bring other people to the civilization
  11. Cochineal
    • used as red dye for fabrics
    • bugs crushed up to create dye
    • Spanish made Indians collect and kill cochineal to create red dye
    • until 1850's cochineal's were the only cause of red dye
  12. Guano
    • bird poop used as fertilizer
    • 1830's Europe traded guano with Peru
  13. Fur
    • in the Tang dynasty (645-908)
    • only owned by elite
    • Russians dominated market for century
    • 1780's Britain and America started participating
  14. Peanuts
  15. from New to Old World
    • first in Africa but didn't spread anywhere
    • Spanish brought to Philippines
    • used by many poor people because it replenished soil
    • also, every part was usable
    • in 1900, chemists found dozens of uses of the peanut
    • this is when demand went up
  16. Reaper-Binder
  17. device invented by John Appleby (1878)
    needed twine which resulted in impoverished peasants in the Yucatan peninsula
  18. Potato
  19. Spanish soldiers in Peruvian Andes (1550's)
    • grew at high altitudes
    • many grown per acre
    • little labor
    • easy to store
    • entered Europe in two ways: aristocratic and for Indian slaves
    • usually popularized by famines (Ireland)
    • 1700's became field crop
  20. Potosi
  21. mountain of silver
    • Incas used silver for temples and jewelry
    • 1545- Spanish were aware of mountain
    • made Incans mine for it
  22. Pirates
    as a result- fuitschip was created to defend against pirates
  23. Ivory
  24. Belgium king, Leopald, took control of Africa and brutalized natives to kill elephants and take ivory
  25. Silver
  26. dominated by gold standard
  27. currency
    1999-Euro
  28. Metric System
  29. used to measure with hands, feet, etc.
    • became problem because sizes were different and different countries had different measures
    • sometimes used variations as excuse to not trade
    • 18th century French revolution created and spread metric system
  30. Time
  31. clocks were different when trading so needed time to be able to tell when to trade and when train would get to certain location, etc
  32. U.S
  33. gained half of Mexican territory
    invested in Mexico => BIG $$$
  34. Packaging
  35. cans for soldiers to keep food edible
    • wives found it useful
    • TV dinners, Campbell, etc
  36. Hygiene
  37. show sign of "civilized" people instead of savages
    • Cleanliness Institute
    • as result of shows and ads

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