RT Pulmonary A&P

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Author:
cbr1ryder
ID:
31017
Filename:
RT Pulmonary A&P
Updated:
2010-08-24 18:36:55
Tags:
Cardiopulmonary
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Description:
Prof. Gulliford's Exam one review
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  1. The nose_________,___________ &__________ inspired air, making it useable by the lungs.
    Filters, Humidify & Warms
  2. What is the most common cause of airway obstruction in adults?
    The toung
  3. What anatomic structure prevents aspiration of foods & liquids?
    The epiglottis
  4. The Eustachian Tubes connect what two anatomic structures?
    The nasopharynx to the middle ear
  5. What cell type produces mucous?
    Goblet cell
  6. How fast does mucous move up the airway in a normal, healthy patient?
    2cm per minute
  7. What five factors are known to slow clearance of mucose
    • cigarette smoke
    • Dehydration
  8. Fibrous bands, streched across the larynx are?
    True & False vocal folds
  9. The narrowist part of the infant's airway, where the endotracheal tube seals is the___________________?
    Cricoid cartilage
  10. the length of the normal adult treachea is__________________
    11cm to 13cm
  11. The point at which the treachea bifurcates into the right & left mainstem bronchi is termed the______________
    Carina
  12. The right mainstem bronchus off the treachea at approximately a __________ degree angle
    25
  13. The left mainstem bronchus comes off the treachea at approximately_________________degree angel
    40 to 60
  14. The __________ layer rests directly on the cilia. The _________ layer is directly in contact w/air as it moves through the T-B tree
    • Sol
    • Gel
  15. Moving down the T-B tree, at wich level of airway does cartilage disappear?
    Bronchioles
  16. The horizontal fissure separates the___________ &_________lobes of the______________lung
    • upper
    • middle
    • right
  17. The narrow, upper portion of each lung is termed the?
    Apex
  18. The lingula is the___________ portion of the___________ ______________ lobe
    • lower
    • left
    • upper
  19. How many alveoli are there in a set of normal adult human lungs?
    300 million
  20. The "resistance vessels" which great impact blood pressure as they dialate & constrict are the
    Arteries
  21. The___________ pleura is located on the surface of the lungs, while the ____________ pleura lines the interior chest wall
    • * Visceral
    • * Parietal
  22. The_______________________ connect respiratory bronchioles w/alveoli, permitting collateral circulation of air
    Canals of Lambert
  23. The___________________ connect one alveolus to another, permitting collateral circulation of air
    Pores of Kohn
  24. The__________ cells of the aveolus make up the great majority og the alveolar surface
    Type 1
  25. The____________ cells are the alveolar macrophage, patrolling the alveolus for potential harmful microbes
    Type 3
  26. The____________ cells of the alveolus produce surfactant
    Type 2
  27. How many pairs of ribs are there in normal adult human anatomy?
    12
  28. The upper 1/3 of the sternum is termed the ________________
    Manubrium sterni

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