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When comparing English colonies to Spanish ones:
a.only Spain was interested in finding gold.b.England used Native Americans more for labor.c.England sent more people to the Americas in the seventeenth century.d.Spain relied much more on indentured servant labor.e.only England was interested in converting the Native Americans.
Religious dissension in England the first half of the seventeenth century resulted in:
a.a civil war.b.war with Spain.c.the pope visiting the monarchy in London.d.England not focusing on the monarchy.e.Henry VIII restoring Catholicism.
Why did King Henry VIII break from the Catholic Church?
a.The Pope had banned England from exploring the New World because the Church already had limited land ownership there to Spain and Portugal.b.He wanted a divorce, and the Pope refused to grant it.c.He was trying to unify Great Britain.d.He wanted to be pope, and the College of Cardinals refused to elect an English Catholic.e.He thought the Catholic Church was corrupt and he wanted to protect the English people from its abuses.
All of the following contributed to the English social crisis of the late sixteenth century EXCEPT:
a.a lower birth rate, which made it difficult to find workers for new industries.b.the enclosure movement, which forced thousands of peasants from farms.c.increased prices buoyed by the influx of gold and silver from Latin America.d.decreased wages in the cities.e.the invasion of the cities by vagrants, who wandered the roads in search of work.
At the heart of the English Civil War was:
a.which family would rule the English throne.b.whether Puritans should separate from the Church of England.c.who should control the colonies in the New World.d.whether England should be an ally of Spain.e.a question of sovereignty in who would make decisions for the government.
Guns made the West African slave kingdoms more powerful. What happened as a result?
a.They eventually stopped selling slaves.b.They killed more slaves than they captured.c.Europeans rarely ventured into the interior of West Africa.d.They also used European armies to capture slaves.e.Despite having guns, they accumulated very little wealth from selling slaves.
Why was slavery less prevalent in the northern colonies?
a.Northern whites were not as racist as southern whites.b.It was too expensive to transport slaves to the North.c.The small farms of the northern colonies did not need slaves.d.More reformers lived in the North.e.The northern colonies used Indian labor instead.
In the northern colonies, slaves:
a.lived in segregated but prosperous communities.b.became more important in New England after the Half-Way Covenant.c.were far less important to New England than the Middle Colonies.d.were forbidden by law to display any aspect of African culture in public.e.faced far harsher treatment than they did in the South.
What did JuníperoSerra hope to do in California?
a.convert Indians to Christianity and to settled farmingb.explore the Sacramento River basin to find goldc.claim the land for Spain and earn the praise of Queen Isabellad.stop the common practice of using Indians as forced laborerse.take over the Russian trading post at what is now Santa Barbara
Which one of the following did NOT contribute to the expansion of the public sphere during the eighteenth century?
a.the establishment of literary and philosophical clubsb.widespread literacyc.the proliferation of newspapers and librariesd.the trial of John Peter Zengere.the founding of the California missions
Which major event first led the British government to seek ways to make the colonies bear part of the cost of the empire?
a.the Declaration of Independence
b.King Philip’s War
c.the Seven Years’ War
d.the Boston Tea Party
e.the appointment of William Pitt as British prime minister
Which one of the following did NOT specifically provide for direct or indirect taxes on the colonies?
a.the Sugar Act
b.the Tea Act
c.the Townshend Act
d.the Stamp Act
e.the Declaratory Act
The Townshend Acts did all of the following EXCEPT:
a.impose new import duties on glass and tea.
b.encourage some colonies to boycott British goods.
c.reaffirm Boston’s decision to abide by the Quartering Act.
d.create a Board of Customs Commissioners to catch smugglers.
e.raise revenue to pay the salaries of American governors and judges.
Why did colonists object to the Tea Act?
a.Because it would aid a different part of the empire than their own, colonists felt that this was the kind of discriminatory action that violated the concept of liberty.
b.By paying it, they would be acknowledging Great Britain’s right to tax the colonists.
c.It granted a monopoly, and the colonists opposed all forms of monopoly.
d.The British East India Company made inferior tea, and colonists preferred not to drink it.
e.It raised the tax on tea so much as to make tea prohibitively expensive.
In the Declaration of Independence, Jefferson’s biggest influence with regard to natural rights came from?
Why did the founding fathers create the electoral college?
a.They did not; it was added to the Constitution after the disputed election of 1796.
b.Small states insisted that they have a chance to play a role in choosing the president, and that wouldn’t have been possible with direct elections.
c.Alexander Hamilton wanted a king, James Madison wanted no president, and the result was this compromise so that there could be a president.
d.They did not trust ordinary voters to choose the president and vice president directly.
e.They knew the Constitution would make them unpopular, so they wanted to create a way to avoid letting voters choose the president, thereby giving themselves a chance to be elected.
Which of the following is true regarding Congress and the African slave trade in the United States under the Constitution?
a.Congress never prohibited this slave trade.
b.The First Congress under the Constitution prohibited the importation of slaves into the United States.
c.Congress always let individual states make their own decisions with regard to importing slaves.
d.Congress prohibited the African slave trade ten years after ratification of the Constitution.
e.Congress prohibited the African slave trade twenty years after ratification of the Constitution.
The three-fifths clause in the U.S. Constitution:
a.requires that all revenue bills receive a three-fifths affirmative vote in the U.S. House.
b.gave the white South greater power in national affairs than the size of its free population warranted.
c.explicitly declared that slaves were not fully human and were therefore undeserving of legal rights.
d.made it easier to amend the Constitution than it had been to amend the Articles of Confederation.
e.expired in the year 1808 because of a key sectional compromise at the Constitutional Convention
The Constitution explicitly granted Congress the power to do all of the following EXCEPT:
c.regulate interstate commerce.
The eighty-five essays written in support of ratification of the Constitution are called:
a.Wealth of Nations.
b.the Articles of Confederation.
e.The History of the American Revolution.
Shays’sRebellion demonstrated to many leading Americans the need for a more central government to ensure private liberty.
The New Jersey Plan proposed a single-house legislature, which gave each state one vote.
In the Constitution, Native Americans were granted citizenship.
The catalyst for the market revolution was a series of innovations in:
c.banking and financing.
e.transportation and communication.
Which improvement most dramatically increased the speed and lowered the expense of commerce in the first half of the nineteenth century?
a.the transcontinental railroad
b.canals and steamboats
c.the factory system
d.a system of federally financed roads
e.the establishment of an efficient postal system
a.set up farms on unoccupied land.
b.were corporate charters issued by states as contracts.
c.strung telegraph lines between poles.
d.set the dynamite as part of railroad construction crews.
e.is a derogatory name for the girls who worked in the mill factories.
The first industry to be shaped by the large factory system was:
What was the most important export from the United States by the mid-nineteenth century?
What significant issue did the Missouri Compromise aim to resolve?
a.giving land to Native Americans
b.the protective tariff
c.slaves being treated as property
d.the extension of slavery
e.the abolition of slavery
Jackson adhered to what philosophy during the nullification crisis?
a.The national government was supreme.
b.States should have the final say.
c.The Supreme Court knew best about the Native Americans.
d.Slavery was morally wrong.
e.Protective tariffs were not necessary.
What triggered the Panic of 1837?
a.the removal of Native Americans from the Southeast
b.Martin Van Buren’s victory in the election of 1836
c.the protective tariff
d.the Seminole War
e.Jackson’s war on the national bank
By the 1830s, the term “citizen” in America had become synonymous with the right to:
e.publicly criticize the government.
The nullification crisis ended:
a.in the so-called Dorr War.
b.with North Carolina’s threat to secede in 1832.
c.with the Supreme Court’s opinion in Hamilton v. Jackson.
d.with a compromise tariff.
e.with Daniel Webster’s powerful pro-nullification speech to the Senate.
True or False
In order to satisfy the need for slave labor in the Cotton Kingdom, an estimated 1 million slaves were relocated to the Deep South from the older slave states between 1800 and 1860.
True or False
Women enjoyed an expansion of democracy for themselves during the 1830s and 1840s, as they were welcomed into the public sphere.
True or False
Andrew Jackson’s vision of democracy excluded blacks, but included Indians.
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