hist exam

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hist exam
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  1. When comparing English colonies to Spanish ones:
    a.only Spain was interested in finding gold.b.England used Native Americans more for labor.c.England sent more people to the Americas in the seventeenth century.d.Spain relied much more on indentured servant labor.e.only England was interested in converting the Native Americans.
    C
  2. Religious dissension in England the first half of the seventeenth century resulted in:
    a.a civil war.b.war with Spain.c.the pope visiting the monarchy in London.d.England not focusing on the monarchy.e.Henry VIII restoring Catholicism.
    A
  3. Why did King Henry VIII break from the Catholic Church?
    a.The Pope had banned England from exploring the New World because the Church already had limited land ownership there to Spain and Portugal.b.He wanted a divorce, and the Pope refused to grant it.c.He was trying to unify Great Britain.d.He wanted to be pope, and the College of Cardinals refused to elect an English Catholic.e.He thought the Catholic Church was corrupt and he wanted to protect the English people from its abuses.
    B
  4. All of the following contributed to the English social crisis of the late sixteenth century EXCEPT:
    a.a lower birth rate, which made it difficult to find workers for new industries.b.the enclosure movement, which forced thousands of peasants from farms.c.increased prices buoyed by the influx of gold and silver from Latin America.d.decreased wages in the cities.e.the invasion of the cities by vagrants, who wandered the roads in search of work.
    A
  5. At the heart of the English Civil War was:
    a.which family would rule the English throne.b.whether Puritans should separate from the Church of England.c.who should control the colonies in the New World.d.whether England should be an ally of Spain.e.a question of sovereignty in who would make decisions for the government.
    E
  6. Guns made the West African slave kingdoms more powerful. What happened as a result?
    a.They eventually stopped selling slaves.b.They killed more slaves than they captured.c.Europeans rarely ventured into the interior of West Africa.d.They also used European armies to capture slaves.e.Despite having guns, they accumulated very little wealth from selling slaves.
    C
  7. Why was slavery less prevalent in the northern colonies?
    a.Northern whites were not as racist as southern whites.b.It was too expensive to transport slaves to the North.c.The small farms of the northern colonies did not need slaves.d.More reformers lived in the North.e.The northern colonies used Indian labor instead.
    C
  8. In the northern colonies, slaves:
    a.lived in segregated but prosperous communities.b.became more important in New England after the Half-Way Covenant.c.were far less important to New England than the Middle Colonies.d.were forbidden by law to display any aspect of African culture in public.e.faced far harsher treatment than they did in the South.
    C
  9. What did JuníperoSerra hope to do in California?
    a.convert Indians to Christianity and to settled farmingb.explore the Sacramento River basin to find goldc.claim the land for Spain and earn the praise of Queen Isabellad.stop the common practice of using Indians as forced laborerse.take over the Russian trading post at what is now Santa Barbara
    E
  10. Which one of the following did NOT contribute to the expansion of the public sphere during the eighteenth century?
    a.the establishment of literary and philosophical clubsb.widespread literacyc.the proliferation of newspapers and librariesd.the trial of John Peter Zengere.the founding of the California missions
    C
  11. Which major event first led the British government to seek ways to make the colonies bear part of the cost of the empire?

    a.the Declaration of Independence

    b.King Philip’s War

    c.the Seven Years’ War

    d.the Boston Tea Party

    e.the appointment of William Pitt as British prime minister
    c
  12. Which one of the following did NOT specifically provide for direct or indirect taxes on the colonies?

    a.the Sugar Act

    b.the Tea Act

    c.the Townshend Act

    d.the Stamp Act

    e.the Declaratory Act
    E
  13. The Townshend Acts did all of the following EXCEPT:

    a.impose new import duties on glass and tea.

    b.encourage some colonies to boycott British goods.

    c.reaffirm Boston’s decision to abide by the Quartering Act.

    d.create a Board of Customs Commissioners to catch smugglers.

    e.raise revenue to pay the salaries of American governors and judges.
    E
  14. Why did colonists object to the Tea Act?

    a.Because it would aid a different part of the empire than their own, colonists felt that this was the kind of discriminatory action that violated the concept of liberty.

    b.By paying it, they would be acknowledging Great Britain’s right to tax the colonists.

    c.It granted a monopoly, and the colonists opposed all forms of monopoly.

    d.The British East India Company made inferior tea, and colonists preferred not to drink it.

    e.It raised the tax on tea so much as to make tea prohibitively expensive.
    B
  15. In the Declaration of Independence, Jefferson’s biggest influence with regard to natural rights came from?

    a.John Adams

    b.Thomas Paine

    c.Joseph Galloway

    d.John Locke

    e.Lord Dunmore
    D
  16. Why did the founding fathers create the electoral college?

    a.They did not; it was added to the Constitution after the disputed election of 1796.

    b.Small states insisted that they have a chance to play a role in choosing the president, and that wouldn’t have been possible with direct elections.

    c.Alexander Hamilton wanted a king, James Madison wanted no president, and the result was this compromise so that there could be a president.

    d.They did not trust ordinary voters to choose the president and vice president directly.

    e.They knew the Constitution would make them unpopular, so they wanted to create a way to avoid letting voters choose the president, thereby giving themselves a chance to be elected.
    D
  17. Which of the following is true regarding Congress and the African slave trade in the United States under the Constitution?

    a.Congress never prohibited this slave trade.

    b.The First Congress under the Constitution prohibited the importation of slaves into the United States.

    c.Congress always let individual states make their own decisions with regard to importing slaves.

    d.Congress prohibited the African slave trade ten years after ratification of the Constitution.

    e.Congress prohibited the African slave trade twenty years after ratification of the Constitution.
    E
  18. The three-fifths clause in the U.S. Constitution:

    a.requires that all revenue bills receive a three-fifths affirmative vote in the U.S. House.

    b.gave the white South greater power in national affairs than the size of its free population warranted.

    c.explicitly declared that slaves were not fully human and were therefore undeserving of legal rights.

    d.made it easier to amend the Constitution than it had been to amend the Articles of Confederation.

    e.expired in the year 1808 because of a key sectional compromise at the Constitutional Convention
    B
  19. The Constitution explicitly granted Congress the power to do all of the following EXCEPT:

    a.pass tariffs.

    b.coin money.

    c.regulate interstate commerce.

    d.issue patents.

    e.emancipate slaves.
    E
  20. The eighty-five essays written in support of ratification of the Constitution are called:

    a.Wealth of Nations.

    b.the Articles of Confederation.

    c.The Federalist.

    d.“Agrippa.”

    e.The History of the American Revolution.
    C
  21. Shays’sRebellion demonstrated to many leading Americans the need for a more central government to ensure private liberty.
    t&F
    T
  22. The New Jersey Plan proposed a single-house legislature, which gave each state one vote.
    T&F
    T
  23. In the Constitution, Native Americans were granted citizenship.
    T&F
    F
  24. The catalyst for the market revolution was a series of innovations in:

    a.manufacturing.

    b.agriculture.

    c.banking and financing.

    d.labor contracts.

    e.transportation and communication.
    E
  25. Which improvement most dramatically increased the speed and lowered the expense of commerce in the first half of the nineteenth century?

    a.the transcontinental railroad

    b.canals and steamboats

    c.the factory system

    d.a system of federally financed roads

    e.the establishment of an efficient postal system
    B
  26. Squatters:

    a.set up farms on unoccupied land.

    b.were corporate charters issued by states as contracts.

    c.strung telegraph lines between poles.

    d.set the dynamite as part of railroad construction crews.

    e.is a derogatory name for the girls who worked in the mill factories.
    A
  27. The first industry to be shaped by the large factory system was:

    a.textiles.d.pottery.

    b.guns.e.shoemaking.

    c.ironworks.
    A
  28. What was the most important export from the United States by the mid-nineteenth century?

    a.tobaccod.

    b.coale.

    c.timber

    D.cotton

    E.wheat
    D
  29. What significant issue did the Missouri Compromise aim to resolve?

    a.giving land to Native Americans

    b.the protective tariff

    c.slaves being treated as property

    d.the extension of slavery

    e.the abolition of slavery
    D
  30. Jackson adhered to what philosophy during the nullification crisis?

    a.The national government was supreme.

    b.States should have the final say.

    c.The Supreme Court knew best about the Native Americans.

    d.Slavery was morally wrong.

    e.Protective tariffs were not necessary.
    A
  31. What triggered the Panic of 1837?

    a.the removal of Native Americans from the Southeast

    b.Martin Van Buren’s victory in the election of 1836

    c.the protective tariff

    d.the Seminole War

    e.Jackson’s war on the national bank
    E
  32. By the 1830s, the term “citizen” in America had become synonymous with the right to:

    a.accumulate wealth.

    b.vote.

    c.own property.

    d.own slaves.

    e.publicly criticize the government.
    B
  33. The nullification crisis ended:

    a.in the so-called Dorr War.

    b.with North Carolina’s threat to secede in 1832.

    c.with the Supreme Court’s opinion in Hamilton v. Jackson.

    d.with a compromise tariff.

    e.with Daniel Webster’s powerful pro-nullification speech to the Senate.
    D
  34. True or False

    In order to satisfy the need for slave labor in the Cotton Kingdom, an estimated 1 million slaves were relocated to the Deep South from the older slave states between 1800 and 1860.
    A
  35. True or False

    Women enjoyed an expansion of democracy for themselves during the 1830s and 1840s, as they were welcomed into the public sphere.
    B
  36. True or False

    Andrew Jackson’s vision of democracy excluded blacks, but included Indians.
    B

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