Card Set Information
American history buffalo state
The Continental Congress issued paper money during the Revolution, known as the
Continentals ceased to circulate as money when
States with large landholdings could sell their land to pay off
revolutionary war debt.
Who would benefit from the sale of large landholdings?
If states gave large landholdings to the central government new states would be created which would eventually be admitted into the
The first constitution of the United States in 1781.
The Articles of Confederation
How was votes by states counted in The Articles of Confederation(3 answers)
1. Each state had one vote not matter size of population
2. To pass a law 9 of 13 states had to approve.
3. An amendment required all 13 colonies support
3 powers granted by the Articles of Confederation
2.Declare War – Raise Army
3.Create postal service
granted by the Articles of Confederation
3.No state was required to adhere to a treaty
Year of Land Ordinance
Reason for Land Ordinance of 1785
-Old Northwest should be sold to pay off the national debt
What is the Land Ordinance of 1785
-created townships of 6 square miles split into thirty-six sections of one square mile
3 areas wanted for Land Ordinance of 1785
* northwest of the Ohio river
* East of the Mississippi
* south of the Great Lakes
Step beyond Land Ordinance of 1785
Northwest Ordinance 1787
Year of Northwest Ordinance (hint: 2 years after Land Ordinance)
Purpose of Northwest Ordinance 1787
Budding territories would evolve under Federal control
What is the Northwest Ordinance 1787?
When the territory had 60,000 people it could apply for admission as a state.
What is forbade in the Northwest Ordinance 1787?
It forbade slavery in the new territories.
How did Spain become a mucho paino in the bootio in 1784? (trece problemos)
* Spain controlled the mouth of the Mississippi.
* 1784 Spain closed the river to U.S. commerce.
* Spain laid claim to land north of the Gulf of Mexico.
When and where did Shay's Rebellion occur?
Massachusetts in 1786.
Who demanded changes in Shay's Rebellion?
Farmers and war veterans
What did the rebellers of Shay’s Rebellion lose and why?
lost their farms through foreclosures
What did the rebellions of Shay’s Rebellion demand(3 things)?
that the state issue
-lighten taxes and
Who was the fearless leaders in Shay’s Rebellion and what did he believe?
Daniel Shays believed he was fighting a new kind of tyranny.
Who feared Shay’s Rebellion and why?(hint* cool word: mobocracy?)
Elite merchants and bankers feared this event because the “mobocracy” challenged their self interest.
what does mobocracy mean?
*tell Lacy, she is curious
Who initiated the Constitutional Convention 1787
Where was the Constitutional Convention of 1787 held and how many came?
55 representatives from different states met in Philadelphia on May 25, 1787.
What types attended the Constitutional Convention 1787
Elite pricks such as
lawyers, merchants, shippers, land speculators, or moneylenders, blah blah blah
Who was elected as the chairman at the Constitutional Convention 1787 and name one other cool person that was there
George Washington was elected chairman.
Benjamin Franklin James Madison and
Alexander Hamilton were present
(didn't he throw the party?)
7 ideas surrounding the convention (crispfl)
checks and balances
separation of powers
What was the Virginia Plan based on?(3 things 3BR)
1. Three branches of government.
2. Bicameral legislature.
3. Representation based on population.
What was the New Jersey Plan based on? (3 things 3US)
1. Three branches
2. Unicameral legislature.
3. States would be represented equally.
What was the Connecticut Compromise (3 things BHS)
1. Bicameral legislature
2. House – population
3. Senate – equal
How is the elections determined according to the Electoral College?
population, which determines the number of electoral votes apportioned to a state.
How were votes counted before Electoral College
whomever received both the most votes and more than half votes from electors would be President;
the candidate with the second most votes would become Vice President
What is 3/5ths Compromise:
Southerners demand the slave population be counted for representation.
The 4 points of the Anti - Federalists:
1.State governments should have more power.
2.Soverignty lies in the people
3.No standing army
4.Bill of Rights necessary
The 3 points of the Federalists:
1.Strong central power
2.Power in the hands of the wealthy elites
3.Bill of Rights was not necessary
Who led the Anti - Federalists?
What was the compromise and outcome for ratification of the Constitution
Federalist promise Bill of Rights
new government formed 1789
How many amendments to constitution? what are they called?
10, Bill of Rights
Results of Washing's election when running for president and when?
April 30, 1789
how did Washington interpreted the Constitution
to mean that he could solicit the advice of executive departments.
Secretary of State after the 1789 elections
Secretary of the Treasury after 1789 elections
Secretary of War after 1789 elections
What is the Judiciary Act
September 24, 1789 – Creates the Supreme Court.
Judiciary Act Supreme Court justices set at
Judiciary Act created __judicial districts.
Guarantees against Federal overreach
Bill of Rights
The Five Freedoms
Right to Bear Arms
Search and Seizure
Right of the Accused
Right of a Speedy Trial
Trial by Jury
Cruel and Unusual Punishment
Rights of the People
Rights Reserved to the States