Justin's HIStory

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  1. The Continental Congress issued paper money during the Revolution, known as the
  2. Continentals ceased to circulate as money when
    may 1781
  3. States with large landholdings could sell their land to pay off
    revolutionary war debt.
  4. Who would benefit from the sale of large landholdings?
    All states
  5. If states gave large landholdings to the central government new states would be created which would eventually be admitted into the
  6. The first constitution of the United States in 1781.
    The Articles of Confederation
  7. How was votes by states counted in The Articles of Confederation(3 answers)
    • 1. Each state had one vote not matter size of population
    • 2. To pass a law 9 of 13 states had to approve.
    • 3. An amendment required all 13 colonies support
  8. 3 powers granted by the Articles of Confederation
    • 1.Making treaties
    • 2.Declare War – Raise Army
    • 3.Create postal service
  9. 3 powers NOT granted by the Articles of Confederation
    • 1.No taxation
    • 2.No tariffs
    • 3.No state was required to adhere to a treaty
  10. Year of Land Ordinance
  11. Reason for Land Ordinance of 1785
    -Old Northwest should be sold to pay off the national debt
  12. What is the Land Ordinance of 1785
    -created townships of 6 square miles split into thirty-six sections of one square mile
  13. 3 areas wanted for Land Ordinance of 1785
    • * northwest of the Ohio river
    • * East of the Mississippi
    • * south of the Great Lakes
  14. Step beyond Land Ordinance of 1785
    Northwest Ordinance 1787
  15. Year of Northwest Ordinance (hint: 2 years after Land Ordinance)
  16. Purpose of Northwest Ordinance 1787
    Budding territories would evolve under Federal control
  17. What is the Northwest Ordinance 1787?
    When the territory had 60,000 people it could apply for admission as a state.
  18. What is forbade in the Northwest Ordinance 1787?
    It forbade slavery in the new territories.
  19. How did Spain become a mucho paino in the bootio in 1784? (trece problemos)
    • * Spain controlled the mouth of the Mississippi.
    • * 1784 Spain closed the river to U.S. commerce.
    • * Spain laid claim to land north of the Gulf of Mexico.
  20. When and where did Shay's Rebellion occur?
    Massachusetts in 1786.
  21. Who demanded changes in Shay's Rebellion?
    Farmers and war veterans
  22. What did the rebellers of Shay’s Rebellion lose and why?
    lost their farms through foreclosures
  23. What did the rebellions of Shay’s Rebellion demand(3 things)?
    • that the state issue:
    • -paper money
    • -lighten taxes and
    • -suspend foreclosures
  24. Who was the fearless leaders in Shay’s Rebellion and what did he believe?
    Daniel Shays believed he was fighting a new kind of tyranny.
  25. Who feared Shay’s Rebellion and why?(hint* cool word: mobocracy?)
    Elite merchants and bankers feared this event because the “mobocracy” challenged their self interest.
  26. what does mobocracy mean?
    *tell Lacy, she is curious
  27. Who initiated the Constitutional Convention 1787
    Alexander Hamilton
  28. Where was the Constitutional Convention of 1787 held and how many came?
    55 representatives from different states met in Philadelphia on May 25, 1787.
  29. What types attended the Constitutional Convention 1787
    • Elite pricks such as:
    • lawyers, merchants, shippers, land speculators, or moneylenders, blah blah blah
  30. Who was elected as the chairman at the Constitutional Convention 1787 and name one other cool person that was there
    • George Washington was elected chairman.
    • Benjamin Franklin James Madison and Alexander Hamilton were present(didn't he throw the party?)
  31. 7 ideas surrounding the convention (crispfl)
    •  checks and balances
    •  representative government
    •  individual rights
    •  separation of powers
    •  popular sovereignty
    •  federalism
    •  limited government
  32. What was the Virginia Plan based on?(3 things 3BR)
    • 1. Three branches of government.
    • 2. Bicameral legislature.
    • 3. Representation based on population.
  33. What was the New Jersey Plan based on? (3 things 3US)
    • 1. Three branches
    • 2. Unicameral legislature.
    • 3. States would be represented equally.
  34. What was the Connecticut Compromise (3 things BHS)
    • 1. Bicameral legislature
    • 2. House – population
    • 3. Senate – equal
  35. How is the elections determined according to the Electoral College?
    population, which determines the number of electoral votes apportioned to a state.
  36. How were votes counted before Electoral College
    • whomever received both the most votes and more than half votes from electors would be President;
    • the candidate with the second most votes would become Vice President
  37. What is 3/5ths Compromise:
    Southerners demand the slave population be counted for representation.
  38. The 4 points of the Anti - Federalists:
    • 1.State governments should have more power.
    • 2.Soverignty lies in the people
    • 3.No standing army
    • 4.Bill of Rights necessary
  39. The 3 points of the Federalists:
    • 1.Strong central power
    • 2.Power in the hands of the wealthy elites
    • 3.Bill of Rights was not necessary
  40. Who led the Anti - Federalists?
  41. What was the compromise and outcome for ratification of the Constitution
    • Federalist promise Bill of Rights
    •  new government formed 1789
  42. How many amendments to constitution? what are they called?
    10, Bill of Rights
  43. Results of Washing's election when running for president and when?
    • unanimously
    • April 30, 1789
  44. how did Washington interpreted the Constitution
    to mean that he could solicit the advice of executive departments.
  45. Secretary of State after the 1789 elections
    Thomas Jefferson
  46. Secretary of the Treasury after 1789 elections
    Alexander Hamilton
  47. Secretary of War after 1789 elections
    Henry Knox
  48. What is the Judiciary Act
    September 24, 1789 – Creates the Supreme Court.
  49. Judiciary Act Supreme Court justices set at
  50. Judiciary Act created __judicial districts.
  51. Guarantees against Federal overreach
    Bill of Rights
  52. Amendment 1
    The Five Freedoms
  53. Amendment 2
    Right to Bear Arms
  54. Amendment 3
  55. Amendment 4
    Search and Seizure
  56. Amendment 5
    Right of the Accused
  57. Amendment 6
    Right of a Speedy Trial
  58. Amendment 7
    Trial by Jury
  59. Amendment 8
    Cruel and Unusual Punishment
  60. Amendment 9
    Rights of the People
  61. Amendment 10
    Rights Reserved to the States
Card Set:
Justin's HIStory
2015-10-25 02:46:45
american history

American history buffalo state
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