Chapter 3

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Chapter 3
2015-10-26 20:35:21
chapter 3
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  1. basic principle of american government which asserts that people are the source of any and all governmental power and government can only exist with the constent of the governed
    popular sovereignty
  2. basic principle of AMerican government that states that government is restricted in what it may do, and each person has rights that government can't take away
    limited governemnt
  3. basic principle of american government that government and those who govern must obey the law; the rule of law.
  4. Concept that government and its offices are always subject to law
    Rule of Law
  5. basic principle of american government that the executive, legislative, and judicial powers are divided among three independent and coequal branches of government.
    Separation of Powers
  6. System of government of the legislative, executive, and judicial branches to permit each branch to check the actions of the others
    Checks and Balances
  7. chief executive's power to reject a bill passed by legislature
  8. the power of a court to determine the constitutionality of a governmental action
    Judicial Review
  9. contrary to constitutional provisions and so illegal, null and void
  10. system of government in which a written constitution divides power between a central, or national government, and several regional governments
  11. a change in, or addition to, a constitutional law
  12. formal approval, final consent to the effectiveness of a constitution, constitutional amendemnt, or treaty
  13. change or addition that becomes part of the written language of the constitution itself through one of four methods set fourth in the Constitution
    Formal Amendment
  14. the first ten amendments
    Bill of Rights
  15. a pact made by the president directly with the gead of a foreign state; a binding agreement with the force of law does not require Senate consent
    Executive Agreement
  16. a formal agreement between two or more sovereign states
  17. a group of persons chosen in each state every four years who make formal selection of the President and Vice President
    Electoral College
  18. presidential advisory body, traditionally made up of the heads of the executive departments and other officies.
  19. custom that the Senate will not approve a presidential appointment opposed by a majority=party senator from the State in which the appointee would serve
    Senatorial Courtesy
  20. The constitution is made up of ____ articles and _____ amendments
    • 7
    • 27
  21. The six principles of the Constitution
    • popular sovereignty
    • limited government
    • seperation of powers
    • checks and balances
    • judicial review
    • federalism
  22. the court case that established judicial review
    Marbury vs Madison
  23. 1st Article of Constitution
    Creates the Legislative Branch
  24. 2nd Article of Constitution
    Creates the Executive Branch
  25. 3rd Article of Constitution
    Creates the Judicial Branch
  26. 4th Article of Constitution
    Relations Among the States
  27. 5th Article of Constitution
    Amending the Constitution
  28. 6th Article of Constitution
    National Debts,supremacy of the national law, and oaths of office
  29. 7th Article of Constitution
    Ratifying the Constitution
  30. What does the preamble of the constitution do?
    States the purpose of the Constitution
  31. First Method of Ratifying Amendments
    an amendment may be proposed by a two-thirds vote in each house of Congress and ratified by three-fourths of the state legislatures(38). Of the 27 amendments, 26 have been adopted this way
  32. Second Method of Ratifying Amendments
    An amendment may be proposed by Congress and ratified by conventions in three-fourths of the states. Only the 21st amendment was adopted this way in 1933
  33. Third Method of ratifiying Amendments
    An amendment may be proposed by a national convention, called by Congress at the request of two-thirds of state legislatures, then ratified by three-fourths of the state legislatures
  34. Fourth Method of Ratifying Amendments
    An amendment may be proposed by a national convention and ratified by conventions in three-fourths of the states. Reminds of the Constitutional Convention
  35. What is the difference between an executive agreement and a treaty?
    The biggest difference between executive agreements and treaties is that executive agreements do not have to be apporved by Senate
  36. When was the first party created?
    Constitution does not state or provide any laws in regard to nominate of candidates but parties have, since 1840, created national conventions to do such processes.
  37. How many departments are in the Cabinet?
    15 departments
  38. What is another name for the Cabinet
    President's advisory board