Card Set Information
basic principle of american government which asserts that people are the source of any and all governmental power and government can only exist with the constent of the governed
basic principle of AMerican government that states that government is restricted in what it may do, and each person has rights that government can't take away
basic principle of american government that government and those who govern must obey the law; the rule of law.
Concept that government and its offices are always subject to law
Rule of Law
basic principle of american government that the executive, legislative, and judicial powers are divided among three independent and coequal branches of government.
Separation of Powers
System of government of the legislative, executive, and judicial branches to permit each branch to check the actions of the others
Checks and Balances
chief executive's power to reject a bill passed by legislature
the power of a court to determine the constitutionality of a governmental action
contrary to constitutional provisions and so illegal, null and void
system of government in which a written constitution divides power between a central, or national government, and several regional governments
a change in, or addition to, a constitutional law
formal approval, final consent to the effectiveness of a constitution, constitutional amendemnt, or treaty
change or addition that becomes part of the written language of the constitution itself through one of four methods set fourth in the Constitution
the first ten amendments
Bill of Rights
a pact made by the president directly with the gead of a foreign state; a binding agreement with the force of law does not require Senate consent
a formal agreement between two or more sovereign states
a group of persons chosen in each state every four years who make formal selection of the President and Vice President
presidential advisory body, traditionally made up of the heads of the executive departments and other officies.
custom that the Senate will not approve a presidential appointment opposed by a majority=party senator from the State in which the appointee would serve
The constitution is made up of ____ articles and _____ amendments
The six principles of the Constitution
seperation of powers
checks and balances
the court case that established judicial review
Marbury vs Madison
1st Article of Constitution
Creates the Legislative Branch
2nd Article of Constitution
Creates the Executive Branch
3rd Article of Constitution
Creates the Judicial Branch
4th Article of Constitution
Relations Among the States
5th Article of Constitution
Amending the Constitution
6th Article of Constitution
National Debts,supremacy of the national law, and oaths of office
7th Article of Constitution
Ratifying the Constitution
What does the preamble of the constitution do?
States the purpose of the Constitution
First Method of Ratifying Amendments
an amendment may be proposed by a two-thirds vote in each house of Congress and ratified by three-fourths of the state legislatures(38). Of the 27 amendments, 26 have been adopted this way
Second Method of Ratifying Amendments
An amendment may be proposed by Congress and ratified by conventions in three-fourths of the states. Only the 21st amendment was adopted this way in 1933
Third Method of ratifiying Amendments
An amendment may be proposed by a national convention, called by Congress at the request of two-thirds of state legislatures, then ratified by three-fourths of the state legislatures
Fourth Method of Ratifying Amendments
An amendment may be proposed by a national convention and ratified by conventions in three-fourths of the states. Reminds of the Constitutional Convention
What is the difference between an executive agreement and a treaty?
The biggest difference between executive agreements and treaties is that executive agreements do not have to be apporved by Senate
When was the first party created?
Constitution does not state or provide any laws in regard to nominate of candidates but parties have, since
, created national conventions to do such processes.
How many departments are in the Cabinet?
What is another name for the Cabinet
President's advisory board