P. 293 describes the work of Tuckman and five phases that groups go through in their development: forming, storming, norming, performing, and adjourning. Describe these stages. What are some examples of these stages? (Skip not tested)
Tuckman’s worked is best used as a reference point in understanding and interpreting the experience of real teams rather what a team does. There are 5 stages to Tuckman’s work:
Forming: Groups are first put together and they are learning the parameters of what they can and cannot do within the group and the different modes of interacting among each other. Once this stage is complete people start to assert their personality, style, and preferences in the process of conflict.
Storming: this follows the group’s conflicts and the group struggles to find a new equilibrium
Norms: to get through the storming, the group as to find a new set of norms that allow people to get along and the group to accomplish its objectives. The new norms can become morally problematic
Performing: once in the performing stages, the group is able to focus on working together in productive ways, where each member takes responsibility for different task
Adjourning: refers to the breakup of he team once its work is complete. Not a simple process; however, frequent disputes are about how to interpret what the team did, who deserves recognition or blame for specific outcomes and how to make sense of the accomplishments
Examples of these stages can come from how teams in sports may blame specific outcomes to why they may have won or lost a game. On the job, there are countless situations, especially in sales where teams are developed to accomplish a goal and now that I have eyes now to be able to interpret the stages, you can see them