mdt160 6-1

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mdt160 6-1
2015-10-27 18:51:06

mdt160 6-1
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  1. an enzyme present in high concentration in the liver and measured to assess liver function; formerly called SGPT
    alanine aminotransferase (ALT)
  2. the most abundant protein in normal plasma; a homogeneous group of plasma proteins that aremade in the liver and help maintain osmotic balance
  3. an enzyme widely distributed in the body, especially in the liver and bone
    alkaline phosphatase (ALP or AP)
  4. a chemical substance that is the subject of chemical analysis
  5. a negatively charged ion
  6. an enzyme present in many tissues, including cardiac, muscle, and liver,and measured to assess liver function; formerly called SGOT
    aspartate aminotransferase (AST)
  7. a product formed in the liver from the breakdown of hemoglobin
  8. a test measuring urea nitrogen in blood
    blood urea nitrogen (BUN)
  9. a peptide hormone released primarily from the ventricles of the heart and used as a marker for cardiac function
    B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP)
  10. disease of the heart and blood vessels resulting from a variety of causes
    cardiovascular disease (CVD
  11. a positively charged ion
  12. a narrowing of the small blood vessels that supply blood and oxygen to the heart;
    coronary heart disease
  13. one of the acute phase proteins found in plasma in inflammation
    C-reactive protein (CRP)
  14. very low density lipoprotein fraction of blood cholesterol
    VLDL cholesterol
  15. a breakdown product of nucleic acids
    uric acid
  16. intracellular proteins that are present in skeletal and heart muscle and are released when muscleis injured
  17. one of the thyroid hormones, commonly called T3
  18. the major storage form of lipids; lipid molecules formed from glycerol and fatty acids
  19. a thyroid hormone, commonly called T4
  20. a hormone that is synthesized by the anterior pituitary gland and regulatesthe activity of the thyroid gland; thyrotropin
    thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
  21. any one of a group of fats or fat-like substances
  22. an enzyme widely distributed in the body and measured to assess liver function
    lactate dehydrogenase (LD or LDH)
  23. underactive function of the thyroid gland; abnormally low production of thyroid hormones
  24. blood calcium levels below normal
  25. marked decrease in serum albumin concentration
  26. excessive functional activity of the thyroid gland; excessive secretion of thyroid hormones
  27. excessive amount of fat in the blood
  28. blood calcium levels above normal
  29. an amino acid, elevated blood levels of which are associated with increased risk for vascular and cardiovascular disease
  30. the tendency toward steady state or equilibrium of body processes
  31. an estimation of how much blood passes through the glomeruli per unit of time(minute); an estimate of the number of functioning nephrons made by using the rate at which molecules suchas creatinine and urea are filtered by the kidneys
    glomerular filtration rate (GFR)
  32. a heterogeneous group of serum proteins with varied functions
  33. an enzyme present in liver, kidney, pancreas, and prostate, and measured to assess liver function
    gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT)
  34. the cations and anions important in maintaining fluid and acid–base balance
  35. a breakdown product of creatine that is normally excreted in the urine
  36. an enzyme present in large amounts in brain tissue and heart and skeletal muscle and a form of which is measured to aid in diagnosing heart attack
    creatine kinase (CK)
  37. what  analytes measured in kidney (renal panel)
    • BUN
    • Electrolytes
    • Creatinine
    • GFR
    • Glucose
  38. what  analytes measured in Lipid panel
    • total cholesterol
    • triglycerides
    • Cholesterol factors: HDL, LDL, VLDL
  39. what  analytes measured in Cardiac panel?
    • CK-MB
    • Troponin
    • BNP
    • hs-CRP
    • Homocysteine
  40. what  analytes measured in liver (hepatic) ?
    • total protein
    • albumin billirubin
    • Liver enzymes  ( ALT, AST, ALP, GGT, LD)
  41. what  analytes measured in thyroid panel?
    • T3
    • T4
    • TSH