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What are the 5 pillars of islam?
Shahada means to only worship one God, (Allah) and that Muhammad is the prophet of God
Salat means prayer. Every good muslim prays 5 times every day. They pray in their local mosque. Although before praying they do a ritual wash called wuda.
Zakaat is all about giving to charity. Muslims are expected to give 2.5 percent of their yearly income to this.
Sawn means to fast during the month of Ramadan. Muslims are not allowed to eat or drink in the hours of daylight.Although if you are sick, elderly or pregnant, you are excused from this.
Hajj is all about pilgrimage. Muslims are expected to go to a pilgrimage at least one time in their life.
Definition of abortion?
An abortion is the premature expulsion of the foetus from the womb
What is the time limit on abortion?
RC Church teaching on abortion?
Catholics believe that the killing of an unborn baby is morally wrong. The think this jason on the belief that live begins at the moment of conception and that the unborn baby has the same right to life as its mother
Arguments for abortion:
- The mother might be at risk
- The baby was an accident
- It may have a severe disability
- Not enough money to raise it
- It is unwanted
- The parents want a different gender
Arguments against abortion:
- The catholic church think its wrong
- No one has the right to take a human life
Alternatives to abortion:
- Keeping the baby
- Help from family and friends
Give examples on how human life is threatened today?
- World Wars
- People Murdering
SPUC is an organisation that is against abortion. SPUC stands for Society for the Protection of Unborn Children. They also believe that it is wrong to kill innocent human beings,everyone should be treated equally, children deserve special protection and care and the weakest in society must be protected by law
Unicef is another organisation that protect human life. Unicef focus more on children. They ensure that more of the world's children are fed, vaccinated, educated and protected. They work in more that 190 countries.
Childline are an organisation that children can turn to if they have problems. They specialise in handling bullying. They protect human life by for example if a child is getting abused by their parents, they will sort it out by alerting the police to prevent the child getting severely hurt.
What year was muhammad born in and where?
He was born around the year 570AD, in Mecca, what we now know as Saudi Arabia.
They died when he was young, so his uncle looked after him.
What did Muhammad grow up to be?
What happened to him at the age of 25?
He went to work for a widow called Khadija. They got married and had 6 Children
Why was he concerned about the behaviour of people in Mecca?
He saw them lying,cheating,gambling and fighting and drinking too much alcohol.
Muhammad going to the hills:
He was a good man and often went up to the hills to pray and think. One day in 610AD, he was alone in a cave on Mount Hira, he had a dream that Angel Gabriel appeared to him and told him that there is one God, whose name is Allah, and that Muhammad is to be God's messenger.
History of Islam:
Islam began around 1500 years ago. Although it is different from Judaism and Christianity, it shares the same roots. They believe that Abraham, Moses and Jesus were all great prophets. They hold Muhammad to be the last prophet of Allah (God) and that God's word was fully revealed to him.After they say Muhammad's name, they will add the phrase 'peace be upon him' in respect.
What are Islam's dietary laws?
Halal. This means that they do not eat meat that still has blood on it. After the slaughtering they drain the blood.
Islam Dress code?
- Islamic women must wear a hijab, which covers all of the body except face and hands.
- It should not attract the attention of the opposite sex
- It should not resemble the clothing wore by men.
Feasts and festivals?
Eid Al-Fitr and Eid Al-Adha
What is the hijra?
The hijra is the journey taken by Muhammad and his followers from Mecca to Yathrib, which he later named Medina. in the year 622AD
Similarities between Muslims and Christians
- They both are monotheistic and both believe in life after death. They both believe in God's final judgement of us and they both believe in praying, fasting and almsgiving.
- They both believe that Mary is the mother of Jesus, they both believe in Angels and both recognise the existence of evil.
Differences between Muslims and Christians
They disagree on God as the Father, Son and the Holy Spirit, Muslims believe that Jesus is not the Son of God, they disagree on the death and resurrection of Jesus, that Jesus is the saviour and Muslims believe that the Qu'ran is the final word of God, not the bible.
2 facts on the Son of God
- Jesus never called himself the Son of God
- Mark uses this title for the Baptism and the Transfiguration
2 Facts on the Messiah
- Messiah translates to the Anointed One
- Jews expected the messiah to be a prophet or a military messiah
2 Facts on Saviour
- the name Jesus means God saves
- The jews expected a military messiah that would overthrow their enemies
2 facts on the Son of Man
- Jesus called himself the Son of Man because he wanted people to think he was normal, like everyone else.
- Jesus uses this title when he talked about his death and ascension to heaven
(John the Baptist)
What is the opening line of Mark's Gospel?
This is the Good News about Jesus Christ, the Son of God
What does prophet Isaiah write?
- "God said, 'I will send my messenger ahead of you to clear the way for you.'
- Someone is shouting in the desert, 'Get the road ready for the Lord: make a straight path for him to travel!' "
What would John the Baptist normally say while baptising people?
"Turn away from your sins and be baptised, and God will forgive your sins"
where were some people coming from?
Some people were coming from the province of Judea and the city of Jerusalem to hear John
Where did John baptise them?
In the River Jordan
What did John wear?
John wore clothes made of camel's hair, with a leather belt around his waist.
What did John eat?
John ate locusts with wild honey
What did John say to the people?
"The man who will come after me is much greater than i am. I am not good enough even to bend down and untie his sandals. I baptise you with water, but he will baptise you with the Holy Spirit"
(The Baptism of Jesus and the Temptations)
Where did Jesus come from to see John?
Jesus came from Nazereth in the province of Galilee, and was baptised in the Jordan by John
record 3 things that happened at Jesus' baptism?
- As Jesus came out of the water, heaven opened up
- The Holy Spirit came down on him like a dove
- A voice came form above saying "You are my own dear Son. I am pleased with you"
What did the Spirit make Jesus do?
The Holy Spirit made Jesus go to the desert, where he would spend 40 days with no food or water, where he would be tempted by Satan.
Who was with Jesus during this time?
Angels came to help him
(Peter's declaration about Jesus)
Where were Jesus and the disciples going?
They were going to villages near Caesarea Philippi
What did Jesus ask them?
"Tell me, who do people say i am?"
What did they say in reply?
"Some say you are John the Baptist, others say that you are Elijah, while others say that you are one of the prophets."
What did Jesus then ask them?
"What about you, who do you say i am?"
What did Peter say?
Peter replied with "You are the Messiah"
What did Jesu then tell them?
Jesus then ordered them not to tell anyone about him.