7 Ling 204

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  1. Speaker agency
    The ability of speakers to control what they do and to make conscious choices
  2. Gender
    A socially constructed identity rather than a biological category
  3. Grammatical gender
    In some languages such as French and German a way of classifying nouns usually as feminine masculine or neuter
  4. Difference model
    The idea that gender differences in language reflect different cultures of conversation
  5. Dominance model
    The idea that gender differences in language reflect differences in access to power
  6. Rapport style
    Using language to build and maintain relationships
  7. Report style
    Using language to communicate factual information
  8. Direct indexing
    A linguistic feature directly indexes something with social meaning when it is categorical and exclusive, ex using he to refer to a man
  9. Indirect indexing
    A linguistic feature indirectly indexes something with social meaning when it is not categorically associated with that meaning, but rather is linked to another meaning that is itself linked to that social meaning
  10. Gender paradox
    Emerging from Labov's principles I, Ia, and II the idea that women are more likely to use standard forms and lead in changes from above but are also eaters in changes from below, which are not necessarily toward higher prestige forms
  11. Agentive
    A word borrowed from traditional grammar that, in this field, suggests that there's an active
  12. Performative
    Typically used in discussion of gender, the idea that actions and speech acquire constitutive force and are used to create a particular gender identity
  13. Homosocial
    A term used to refer to situations involving same-sex groups or relationships that are (presumed to be) non sexual such as fraternities, prisons and religious orders
  14. Passing
    From discourse on ethnicity when people adopt (linguistic and other) behaviors from another group in order to be taken as authentic members of that group
  15. Dragging
    From gender studies, when people use features that both they and their audience know are associated with another group
  16. Heterosexual marketplace
    The media-driven institutionalization of heterosexuality and traditional gender
  17. Discourse analysis
    An examination of the structure of a conversation, looking for linguistic regulariities
  18. Discourse
    An extended language interaction, that is, longer than a sentence. Also the study of such interaction.
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7 Ling 204
2015-10-29 04:49:08

Chapter 7 and notes
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