8 Ling 204

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  1. Style
    Intra-speaker ("Within the speaker") variation as opposed to variation across groups
  2. Intra speaker
    Within the speaker. It is the difference between the way a single speaker talks in two or more different situations
  3. Attention to speech
    Labov suggests that different levels of formality result from the am out of attention a speaker pays to the act of speaking. In some activities such as reading aloud, speakers pay more attention to their speech while in others such as talking with friends they are less attentive
  4. Paralinguistic channel cues
    Cues (tempo, pitch, volume, breathe, laughter) that seem to correlate with casual speech
  5. Audience design
    The idea that speakers style shift on the basis of who they are speaking with or who might overhear them, that is, their audience members
  6. Convergence
    Accommodation toward your interlocutors that is, trying to sound more like the people you're talking to
  7. Divergence
    Accommodation away from your interlocutors, that is, trying to sound less like the people you're talking to
  8. Marker
    A variable that speakers are less aware of than a stereotype, but whose use they can control in style shifting
  9. Indicator
    A variable that can show differences by age or social group but is not subject to style shifting
  10. Hyperstlye variable
    A variable where there's more variation within an individual across styles than there is between individuals of different social backgrounds
  11. Speaker design
    Speakers using different styles to present themselves differently
  12. Register
    A variety of language used in a particular social or economic setting, ex. Legal or academic register
  13. Genre
    A category of language use recognized and usually named by the speech community for example crime novel sermon
  14. Jargon
    A register associated with a particular occupation or activity often develops its own special vocab items known as jargon
  15. Argot
    A specialized type of slang often originally with thieves's talk
  16. Passing
    Adopting behaviors from another group in order to be taken as authentic members of that group
  17. Dragging
    When people use features that both they and their audience know are associated with another group
  18. Crossing
    WHen speakers use language features or linguistic styles associated with another ethnic group
  19. Fleeing
    Avoiding linguistic features associated with another social group
  20. Corpus linguistics
    A linguistic research method based on the quantitative analysis of collecions of naturally occurring language data, usually very large
  21. Corpus (plural corpora)
    A collection, usually large of Lang in use that can be adapted to allow linguistic analysis
Card Set:
8 Ling 204
2015-10-29 05:01:35

Chapter 8 and notes
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