2830: Schizophrenia (after mood) EXAM II

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xiongav
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310602
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2830: Schizophrenia (after mood) EXAM II
Updated:
2015-11-03 18:16:45
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schizo
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Schizo
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  1. What is Schizophrenia?

    Greek for "split mind" (shizo- -phrenia)

    anosognosia: persons w/ schizo are are unaware or in denial of being diagnosed w/ schizophrenia.
    a disorder with altered perceptions; lack of insight.

    a brain disturbance; psychosis is a sx (hallucinations & delusions)
  2. What is the cause of Schizophrenia?
    Dysfunction of NTs; increase of Dopamine; different in anatomy of brain.

    Moreso in urban vs rural regarding higher chances of Schizophrenia.
  3. What are some CAUSES of schizo?

    Environmental
    Psychologic
    genetic
    Environment: social adversity, poverty, urban VS rural.

    Psychologic: dev & family stress.

    Biologic: genetic, brain abnormalities, NT imbalance
  4. What happens in the prodromal stage of Schizo?
    Increased anxiety.
  5. Cause of disorder: phase 1

    -Description
    -Characteristics
    Desc: Acute

    Characteristics: isolation, disruptive & bizarre

    + Sx
  6. Cause of disorder: Phase II

    -desc
    -characteristics
    Desc: Stabilization

    Characteristics: Intense Tx; (meet basic needs).
  7. Cause of disorder: Phase III

    -desc
    -characteristics
    Desc: Maintenence

    Characteristics: Regain previous function; med compliance; avoid alcohol.
  8. What are some characteristics of POSITIVE sx?

    (means, acute onset)
    hallucinations/delusions

    Disorganized speech

    Bizarre behaviors
  9. What are some NEGATIVE sx of schizo?

    (developed over LT)
    Blunted effect

    alogia

    avolition

    aphedonia
  10. What do +, -, and cognitive & affective Sx all alter?
    • Work
    • Rships
    • Self Care (quality of life)
  11. Distinguish among:

    Thought: broadcasting, control, insertion.
    Broadcasting: Others can HEAR our thoughts.

    Control: Others can CONTROL our thoughts.

    Insertion: Others can INSERT thoughts in our minds.
  12. What are examples of alterations in perception?
    Hallucinations/illusions

    Command hallucinations

    Derealization (false perception that the environment has changed)
  13. What are some alterations in speech?
    disconnectedness

    neologisms: fake speech

    clang associations: rhyming

    word salad: stringing together words w/ no meaning

    echolalia: playing shadow w/ others

    echopraxia: mimic others movements
  14. What are some alterations in behavior?
    bizarre

    motor agitation

    waxy flexibility

    stupor: motionlessness

    negativism

    automatic obedience: robot-like
  15. What is a focus of:

    CBT?
    thinking and behavior
  16. What is a focus of:

    Rehab therap?
    job counseling, training, public transportation, communication, establishing friendships.
  17. What is a focus of:

    Family, Education, & support?
    Coping

    Problem-solving

    Decrease stigma & discrimination

    Increase compliance
  18. What is a focus of:

    Self help, support groups?
    research funding, increase visibility, increase support, establish community

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