Location Analysis Midterm Exam

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dtarasov
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310604
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Location Analysis Midterm Exam
Updated:
2015-10-29 18:00:15
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location analysis allocation modeling geography
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Location Analysis
Description:
Terms and concepts for the online portion of the Location Analysis (GEOG 5100) midterm exam.
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  1. True or false: Location-allocation modeling is a normative approach to analysis.

    A. True
    B. False
    A. True
  2. The opposite of a descriptive location is ______________.

    A. Prescriptive
    B. Relative
    C. Absolute
    D. Normative
    D. Normative
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. The concept of a best activity for a given site was introduced by 

    A. Von Thunen
    B. Weber
    C. Loesch
    D. Ricardo
    A. Von Thunen
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. True or false: Von Thunen did not assume an isotropic (continuous and featureless) surface.

    A. True
    B. False
    B. False
  5. The critical _________ is, in Weber's model, the line where transport cost savings offset other types of cost savings.

    A. isopane
    B. threshold
    C. isoline
    D. isodapane
    D. isodapane
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Weber modeled transport costs as a linear function of __________ x _________.

    A. weight; distance
    B. weight; price at origin
    C. weight; price at destination
    D. distance; price at destination
    A. weight; distance
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Palander expanded upon Weber's model by factoring in

    A. size of market areas
    B. price at origin
    C. price at destination
    D. all of the above
    A. size of market areas.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. ________ are lines joining points of equal delivered price.

    A. Isopanes
    B. Isochrones
    C. Isotims
    D. Isodapanes
    C. Isotims
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. _______ coined the idea of isotims, and isochrones were introduced by __________ .

    A. Von Thunen; Palander
    B. Palander; Palander
    C. Weber; Weber
    D. Weber; Palander
    B. Palander; Palander
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. __________ introduced the idea of nodes emerging in networks.

    A. Von Thunen
    B. Weber
    C. Palander
    D. Hoover
    D. Hoover
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. _________ pioneered the idea of separating line-haul and terminal charges.

    A. Palander
    B. Von Thunen
    C. Hoover
    D. Weber
    C. Hoover
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. _________ introduced the idea of diminishing returns, or non-linear production costs.

    A. Palander
    B. Von Thunen
    C. Weber
    D. Hoover
    D. Hoover
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. _________ introduced the idea of equilibrium location of competitors, thus becoming one of the founders of the idea of locational interdependence.

    A. Hoover
    B. Hotelling
    C. Palander
    D. Weber
    B. Hotelling
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. True or false: Hotelling assumed elastic demand. 

    A. True
    B. False
    B. False
  15. __________ found that, for elastic demand, competitors in a duopoly would locate at the market's quartiles.

    A. Palander
    B. Smithies
    C. Hoover
    D. Hotelling
    B. Smithies
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. __________ incorporated demand into location analysis.

    A. Hoover
    B. Loesch
    C. Palander
    D. Weber
    B. Loesch
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. _________'s work was concerned with finding locations that maximized profit, i.e., where revenue exceeds costs by the greatest amount.

    A. Hoover
    B. Hotelling
    C. Loesch
    D. Weber
    C. Loesch
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. ___________ is considered the founder of regional science for his 1956 book that combined the various themes of location theory and fused them with other branches of economics.

    A. Smithies
    B. Hoover
    C. Hotelling
    D. Isard
    D. Isard
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Which of the following are true of decision variables:

    1. They are always the basic element of any location-allocation model
    2. They are canonically represented by a letter with a subscript
    3. They can be less than zero.

    A. 2 and 1
    B. All of the above
    C. 1 and 3
    D. 2 and 3
    A. 2 and 1
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Location-allocation models must have 
    I. Decision variable
    II. Objective function

    A. I, but not necessarily II
    B. I and II
    C. I or II, both optional
    D. II, but not necessarily I
    B. I and II
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. True or false: all problems that have an objective function also have system constraints.

    A. True
    B. False
    B. False
  22. A value having to be an integer is an example of 

    A. Decision variable
    B. System constraint
    C. Objective function
    D. Either A or C
    B. System constraint
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. __________ models are the simplest (with lowest level of abstraction).

    A. Analogue
    B. Iconic
    C. Symbolic
    B. Iconic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. ________ models change only the scale of what is being modeled.

    A. Iconic
    B. Analogue
    C. Symbolic
    A. Iconic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. __________ models both change the scale and transform the properties of what is modeled.

    A. Symbolic
    B. Iconic
    C. Analogue
    C. Analogue
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. ___________ models are the highest level of abstraction.

    A. Symbolic
    B. Analogue
    C. Iconic
    A. Symbolic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. All mathematical and statistical models are ___________.

    A. Iconic
    B. Analogue
    C. Symbolic
    C. Symbolic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. True or false: Weber, like Von Thunen, saw space as continuous.

    A. True
    B. False
    A. True
  29. A ____________ problem is one that looks for the best location given an activity.

    A. Von Thunen
    B. Isard
    C. normative
    D. Weberian
    D. Weberian
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. A _____________ problem is one that, given a location, chooses the best activity.

    A. Isard
    B. normative
    C. Von Thunen
    D. Weberian
    C. Von Thunen
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. True or false: price elasticity means that % change in quantity demanded is greater than % change in price.

    A. True
    B. False
    A. True
  32. The __________ price is the maximum price a consumer is willing to pay for a good.

    A. reservation
    B. threshold
    C. elasticity
    D. ceiling
    A. reservation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. The ___________ is the difference between what people are willing to pay and what they actually pay.

    A. Elastic surplus
    B. Demand duality
    C. Reservation surplus
    D. Consumer surplus
    D. Consumer surplus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. A ___________ is the distance people are willing to travel to purchase a good or service.

    A. market area
    B. demand threshold
    C. supply threshold
    D. market threshold
    A. market area
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. In the Weberian model, the material index is calculated as (localized material transport cost)/X, where X is

    A. ubiquitous material transport cost
    B. finished product transport cost
    C. pure material transport cost
    D. gross material transport cost
    B. finished product transport cost
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. In the Weberian model, an industry that uses only ubiquitous materials would locate

    A. At the market site
    B. Either market site or material's source
    C. At the raw materials' source
    D. Somewhere in between
    A. At the market site
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. In the Weberian model, an industry that uses one localized pure material would locate

    A. At the material's source
    B. Somewhere in between
    C. At the market site
    D. Either market site or material's source
    B. Somewhere in between
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. In the Weberian model, and industry that uses one localized pure material and some ubiquitous ones would locate
    A. At the market site
    B. At a material's source
    C. Somewhere in between
    D. Either market site or material's source
    A. At the market site
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. In the Weberian model, an industry that uses multiple pure localized materials would locate
    A. At a material's source
    B. Somewhere in between
    C. Either market site or material's source
    D. At the market site
    D. At the market site
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. In the Weberian model, an industry that uses one localized gross material would locate
    A. Somewhere in between
    B. Either market site or material's source
    C. At the material's source
    D. At the market site
    C. At the material's source
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. In the Weberian model, an industry that uses one localized gross material and some ubiquitous ones would locate
    A. At a material's source
    B. Somewhere in between
    C. At the market site
    D. Either market site or material's source
    D. Either market site or material's source
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. In the Weberian model, an industry that uses more than one gross material, all localized, would locate
    A. Either market site or material's source
    B. At a material's source
    C. At the market site
    D. Somewhere in between
    D. Somewhere in between
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. _____________ first determined that the price of food determines the price of land and not the other way around.

    A. Weber
    B. Ricardo
    C. Von Thunen
    D. Hoover
    B. Ricardo
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. __________ is the difference between the market price of a commodity and its production cost.

    A. Economic rent
    B. Consumer surplus
    C. Supply elasticity
    D. Demand elasticity
    A. Economic rent
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. Ricardian rent can be expressed as
    Rij = Qij (Pi - Cij), where Qij is 

    A. The market price for crop i
    B. The volume of production of crop i at site j
    C. The cost of production of crop i at site j
    D. The economic rent for crop i at location j
    B. The volume of production of crop i at site j
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. Ricardian rent can be expressed as Rij = Qij (Pi - Cij), where Cij is 

    A. the economic rent for crop i at location j
    B. The market price for crop i
    C. The cost of production of crop i at site j
    D. The volume of production of crop i at site j
    C. The cost of production of crop i at site j
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. True or false: system equity is a stronger measure of locational equity than a minimum standard.

    A. True
    B. False
    B. False
  48. Setting a maximum limit to acceptable travel time to school for students is an example of 

    A. Variability of access
    B. System equity
    C. The minimax principle
    D. Minimum standard
    B. System equity
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. The ________________ tries to minimize the total number of facilities such that every place is still served by at least one facility.

    A. location set-covering problem
    B. maximal covering location problem
    C. P-median problem
    D. the minimax problem
    A. location set-covering problem
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. True or false: in the location set-covering problem, there can only be one optimal solution.

    A. True
    B. False
    B. False
  51. The __________ problem aims to locate a given number of facilities such that they cover the maximum population or demand.

    A. maximal covering location problem
    B. location set-covering problem
    C. P-median problem
    D. minimax problem
    A. maximal covering location problem
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  52. The common form for public-facility location models is based on the ___________ problem.

    A. P-median problem
    B. minimax problem
    C. maximal covering location problem.
    D. location set-covering problem
    A. P-median problem
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  53. Which solutional heuristic for public-facility location problems is probably the best-known and most widely-used?

    A. Greedy algorithm
    B. Global/Regional Exchange Algorithm (GRIA)
    C. Teitz and Bart heuristic
    D. Maranzana heuristic
    C. Teitz and Bart heuristic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  54. Which solutional algorithm for public-facility location problems works as follows: 

    1. Start with a number of possible sites
    2. Sees if any site not currently in the set could be substituted for one that is
    3. Makes such substitutions as long as the objective function improves as a result

    A. Maranzana heuristic
    B. Teitz and Bart heuristic
    C. Global/Regional Exchange Algorithm (GRIA)
    D. Greedy algorithm
    A. Teitz and Bart heuristic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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