Cytotoxic agents-designed to interfere with cellular reproduction
Chemotherapy side effects
Extravasation of IV medications
Mucositis & diarrhea
Nausea and vomiting
Cancer cells & apoptosis
They do not respond to programmed cell death
socioeconomic and cancer
unable to afford sunscreen
increase drug and alochol use
Poor education in prevention of cancer
Nutrition and cancer
meats and perservatives
sodium nitrates and nitrites
BHA also used in rocket fuel
second hand smoke
genetics and cancer
hereditary predisposition to cancer
viruses and cancer
radiation side effets
systemic effects noted by receiving beam radiation=fatigue and altered taste.
tissue fibrosis and scarring
changes to organs underneath
alopecia, nausea vomiting,fatigue, diarrhea, sexual and fetility changes, skin changes. Depending on location of radiation, organs will be affected example of prostate cancer leading to urinary or bladder changes. thyroid cancer- leads to throat changes/vocal changes.
brachytherapy-close therapy radiation
radionuclide iodine for thyroid cancer=pt. is radioactive
Diff. routes to target specific cancer
Typical side effects when chemo and radiation combined.
week 1-taste changes-leads to nutrition issues.
week 2-thicker secretions dependent on what type of cancer you're being treated for.
week 3-more discomfort in throat
week 4-pain when swallowing
week 5-skin changes
week 6-severe sunburn to skin
week 7 thick secretions, more pain, dysphagia, breaks in skin like wet sunburn.
Epoietin affa (Epogen, procrit)
Colony Stimulating Factor, Erythrocytes affected.
Colony stimulating factors- Macrophages and monocytes affected-used on bone marrow transplant units