Dorsal and ventral hip muscles

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Author:
felixhorst
ID:
310732
Filename:
Dorsal and ventral hip muscles
Updated:
2015-11-04 15:51:14
Tags:
muscles lower limb 2lf anatomy 1st year
Folders:
anatomy
Description:
muscles of gluteal region + insertions, origin, innervation,nerves and vessels
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  1. Musculus Gluteus Maximus
    -Origin and insertion?
    -Function?
    -Innervation?
    • Facies Glutea, between Linea Glutea Posterior & Crista Iliaca
    • Femur - Tuberositas Glutea/ TIBIA- Lateral condyle via iliotibialis
    • abduction of the thigh
    • extension,external rotation and adduction of the thigh 
    • Nervus Gluteus Inferius
  2. Musculus Gluteus Medius 
    -Origin and insertion?
    -Function?
    -Innervation?
    • Facies Glutea, between the posterior and anterior gluteal lines
    • Trochanter major- Femur
    • abduction of the thigh and tilting of the pelvis(middle fibers),flexion and internal rotation of the thigh(anterior fibers),extension and external rotation of the thigh (posterior fibers)
    • Nervus Gluteus Superior
  3. Gluteus Minimus 
    -Origin and insertion?
    -Function?
    -Innervation?
    • Facies Glutea, between the anterior and inferior gluteal lines 
    • Trochanter Major - Femur
    • Abduction of the thigh and tilting of the pelvis (middle fibers),flexion and internal rotation of thigh (anterior fibers),extension and external rotation of the thigh (posterior fibers)
    • Nervus Gluteus superior
  4. Musculus tensor faciae latae
    -Origin and insertion?
    -Function?
    -Innervation?
    • Ilium- Spina Iliaca anterior superior 
    • lateral condyle/ Tract of Gerdy 
    • extension of the knee joint "locking of the knee joint",abduction, flexion and internal rotation of the thigh, stabilization of both knee joint during walking
    • Nervus Gluteus Superior
  5. Musculus Piriformis
    -Origin and insertion?
    -Function?
    -Innervation?
    • Sacrum (S2-S4)
    • Trochanter major 
    • external rotation of extended thigh,abduction of the flexed thigh
    • Piriformis nerve and dirct nerves from the Plexus Sacralis (L4-S2)
  6. Musculus Gemellus superior
    -Origin and insertion?
    -Function?
    -Innervation?
    • spina ischiadica
    • Trochanter major 
    • external rotation of the extended thigh,abduction of the flexed thigh 
    • nerve to the obturator interns and direct branches from the Plexus Sacralis (L4-S2)
  7. Musculus obturatorius internus 
    -Origin and insertion?
    -Function?
    -Innervation?
    • internal surface of the obturator membrane, hip bone- bony margins, Course of fibers: Passes through the lesser sciatic foramen 
    • greater trochanter 
    • external rotation of the extended thigh,abduction of the flexed thigh
    • nerve to the obturator internus and direct branches from the sacral plexus (L4-S2)
  8. Musculus gemellus inferior 
    -Origin and insertion?
    -Function?
    -Innervation?
    • Tuberositas ischiadicum
    • trochanter major 
    • external rotation of the extended thigh,abduction of the extended thigh 
    • nerve to the quadratus femurs and direct branches from the sacral plexus (L4-S)
  9. Quadartus femoris 
    -Origin and insertion?
    -Function?
    -Innervation?
    • Tuberositas Ischiadicum 
    • Crista Intertrochanterica 
    • external rotation of the thigh 
    • nerve to the quadrates femoris and direct branches from the sacral plexus (L4-S2)
  10. The M.piriformis divides the foramen ischiadicum into..?
    • Foramen suprapiriformis
    • Foramen Infrapiriformis
  11. Nerve passing through the Foramen Suprapiriformis?
    Nervus Gluteus superior
  12. Nerves passing through the Foramen infrapiriformis?
    • N. ischiadicus
    • N. cutaneus femoris posterior 
    • N. Gluteus inferior
  13. innervations of N.Gluteus Superior
    • motor innervation of the small gluteal muscles and the M. tensor face latae.
    • -gluteus medius
    • -gluteus minimus 
    • -musculus tensor facie latae
  14. Innervation of N.Gluteus Inferior
    M. Gluteus Maximus
  15. nerves dividing from the sacral Plexus ? (7)
    • N. Femoralis
    • N. Obturatorius
    • N. Gluteus inferior
    • Truncus lumbosacralis
    • N. Gluteus superior
    • N. Ischiadicus
    • N. Pudendus
  16. Nerve to Piriformis
    Nerve to Piriformis
  17. Nerve to obturator internus
    • Gemellus Superior
    • Obturator Internus
  18. Nerve to Quadratus
    • Gemellus Inferior 
    • Quadratus Femoris
  19. N. Obturatorius
    Obturator Externus

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