Lab 1

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Author:
andreabyerly
ID:
31086
Filename:
Lab 1
Updated:
2010-08-24 16:18:25
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anatomical terminology anatomy body cavities directional terms structures
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Lab 1: Anatomical Terminology
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  1. Anatomical Position
    feet flat, arms down and supine, face forward
  2. Vertical plane that divides the body into front and back.
    Frontal Plane aka Coronal plane.
  3. Vertical plane that divides the body into right and left
    Sagittal Plane
  4. Divides the body into upper and lower portions
    Transverse Plane aka Horizontal plane.
  5. Divides right and left equally. Midline
    Median Plane aka Midsagittal plane.
  6. Front
    Anterior or Ventral
  7. Back
    Posterior or Dorsal
  8. Applies to limbs:

    closer to origin


    Proximal
  9. Applies to limbs:

    farther from origin


    Distal
  10. toward midline
    Medial
  11. away from midline
  12. Lateral
  13. closer to body surface
    Superficial
  14. farther from body surface


    Deep
  15. Superior
    above
  16. Inferior
    below
  17. outer layer of an organ
    Cortex
  18. inner core of a organ
    Medulla
  19. relating to organs; inner layer
    Visceral
  20. relating to the walls; outer layer
    Parietal
  21. Thoracic cavity
  22. Mediastinum, Left Pleura Cavity, Right Pleura Cavity
  23. muscle that separates the thoracic and abdominal cavity
    Diaphragm
  24. Dorsal Cavity
    cranial cavity, spinal cavity
  25. Ventral Cavity
    thoracic cavity, abdominopelvic cavity
  26. Mediastinum
    contains heart, trachea, esophagus, thymus, great vessel (medial separated from the thoracic cavity), between the lungs, from the base of neck to diaphragm
  27. double-layered serous membranes within thoracic cavity
    Pleura
  28. Visceral Pleura/Pericardium/Peritoneum
    on the organ
  29. Parietal Pleura/Pericardium/Peritoneum
    on the outer wall
  30. double-layered serous membranes surrounding the heart
    Pericardium
  31. double-layered serous membranes within abdominopelvic cavity
    Peritoneum
  32. fold of peritoneum. Suspends SI from dorsal body wall
    Dorsal Mesentery
  33. hangs from inferolateral border of stomach apron over SI
    Greater omentum
  34. from supermedial border of stomach from liver
    Lesser omentum
  35. Head
    Cephalic
  36. Forehead
    Frontal
  37. Eye Sockets
    Orbital
  38. Ears
    Otic
  39. Nose
    Nasal
  40. Cheek
    Buccal
  41. Mouth
    Oral
  42. Chin
    Mental
  43. Base of Skull
    Occipital
  44. Neck
    Cervical
  45. Chest
    Thoracic
  46. Spinal Column
    Vertebral
  47. Back of Hand/Top of Foot
    Dorsum
  48. Shoulder
    Acromial
  49. Arm Pits
    Axillary
  50. Arm
    Brachial
  51. Elbow Crease (anterior)
    Antecubital
  52. Elbow
    Olecranal
  53. Forearm
    Antebrachial
  54. Wrist
    Carpal
  55. Hand
    Manus
  56. Thumb
    Pollex
  57. Palm of Hand
    Palmar
  58. Fingers/Toes
    Digital
  59. Belly
    Abdominal
  60. Belly Button
    Umbilical
  61. Inferior to abdominal region
    Pelvic
  62. Hip
    Coxal
  63. Groin
    Inguinal
  64. Ventral to pelvic region
    Pubic
  65. Lower back
    Lumbar
  66. between pelvic bones
    Sacral
  67. Rump
    Gluteal
  68. Around anus
    Perineal
  69. thigh
    Femoral
  70. Knee
    Patellar
  71. Posterior Knee
    Popliteal
  72. Lower leg
    crural
  73. Calf
    Sural
  74. Lateral lower leg
    Peroneal
  75. Foot
    Pedal
  76. Ankle
    Tarsal
  77. Heel
    Calcaneal
  78. Big Toe
    Hallux
  79. Sole of Foot
    Plantar

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