EXP 4304 TEST 3

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  1. PA Theory of motivation model
    Actions ↦ Results ↦ Evaluation ↦ Outcomes ↦ Needs Satisfaction
  2. Left Prefrontal Cortex
    goal congruent positive emotions/ affectivity; logic
  3. Right Prefrontal Cortex
    goal incongruent negative emotions/affectivity; creativity
  4. Phobia
    persistent and recognizable irrational fear of an object or situation

    classical conditioning
  5. Why do we have phobias?
    we are biologically prepared to develop phobias to certain stimuli than others; phobias are adaptive
  6. Anxiety 

    helps us focus on _______

    activates ______ ______ that give rise to _______ _____
    negative emotion that alerts us to potentially threatening situations;

    social evaluative stimuli; reverberating circuits; ruminative thoughts
  7. Why do we have anxiety? Grey's argument?
    ruminative thoughts lead to socially appropriate behaviors;

    Grey argues that anxiety is essentially an anticipatory response to the possibility of an adverse outcome
  8. What governs anxiety?
    non specific arousal; right prefrontal cortex
  9. Fear
    emotional system that is sensitive to cues (learned or unlearned) that signal physical punishment (pain)
  10. Why do we have fear?
    immediate survival for evolution
  11. Barlow's Theory of Fear
    Fear is governed by the alarm reaction
  12. Alarm Reaction (Barlow)
    the first stage of fight-or-flight response which involves the activation of the sympathetic nervous system
  13. Learned Helplessness
    a condition characterized by chronic apathy and unwillingness to initiate socially typical behaviors -- "learning to be inactive"
  14. Seligman's Model of Learned Helplessness
    experiment - dogs given escapable or non-escapable shock conditions
  15. Optimisim (Seligman) - definition
    the result of a paticular explanatory style, denotes a positive attitude or disposition that good things will happen regardless of our ability
  16. Optimisim (Seligman) - Positive Events
    permanent, universal, internal
  17. Optimisim (Seligman) - Negative Events
    temporary, specific, external
  18. Pessimism (Seligman) - definition
    associated with neuroticism and negative effect
  19. Pessimism (Seligman) - Positive Events
    temporary, specific, external
  20. Pessimism (Seligman) - Negative Events
    Permanent, universal, internal
  21. Pessism and Optimism are ______ of the _________
    two ends; same continuum
  22. Happiness
    subjective well-being; a central feature is gratitude
  23. Self-efficacy
    generalized beliefs or expectations that we can cope in different situations
Card Set:
EXP 4304 TEST 3
2015-11-05 05:53:27
motivation creativity control

cards for chapters 10-14 for motivation
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