Anthropology 4

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Author:
lduran8
ID:
310949
Filename:
Anthropology 4
Updated:
2015-11-05 04:36:36
Tags:
Anthropology exam concepts
Folders:
Anthropology 2
Description:
Concepts for exam 2
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  1. Place of Religion in Egypt, Sumerians, and Minoans
    • Egyptians- temples 
    • Sumerians- Ziggarats
    • Minoans- palaces
  2. Domestication of Plants (4)
    • Around 8000 bp
    • Mesoamerica
    • Teocinte- larger kernels, bigger seeds and easier access
    • More nutrients and surplus allows populations to grow
  3. Extinction of Large animals (3)
    • Central Europe
    • Climate changes (glaciation) caused natural selection
    • Rhinos
  4. Climate change at end of Pleistocene (2)
    • Glaciation
    • Caused a lot of Europeans to migrate out of Central Europe because of the harsh conditions
  5. Domestication of animals (4)
    • 10,000bp
    • Iraq-goat & Iran-sheep
    • Aloud for more docile animals and less violent males
    • We know because of fossils and bone mass
  6. Catalhoyuk v. Gobekli Tepe
    Catalhoyuk- Agriculture, no streets, ancestors buried under houses

    Gobekli Tepe- Hunter gatherer societies, upright pillar with imagery on them
  7. Chavin Culture (4)
    • Peru
    • Abstract and hard to interpret art
    • Utilized pottery and carvings of animals that werent common to the area
    • Religion connected to art because priests that could speak to Gods could interpret the abstract art
  8. Olmec Culture (3)
    • Depictions of half human half jaguar gods
    • Production of jade sculptures
    • Construction of pyramids and platforms
  9. Migration from Asia
    • Migration from Asia to Phillipines with Australia as the midway point
    • Asians stayed on the coasts because it is what they were used to, they could fish
    • Brought with them art and pottery (Lapita)
  10. Egyptian social structure
    Pharaoh, Elites, Commoners, Slaves
  11. Irrigation/ Flood Control in Egypt and Mesopotamia
    • Egypt- Nile flood every fall, so they waited until it flooded to use the water and nutrients from the flood to grow crops
    • Mesopotamia- built irrigation systems to direct the water from the flood to the crops
  12. Characteristics of the state (food surplus, dense population, social stratification, government, specialization, record keeping)
    • Food Surplus- Production of surplus allows other things to get done by nourishing the society
    • Dense population- more food means more people and order, necessities (food), and issues must be worked out
    • Social Stratification-society divided into levels such as president, gov't officials, citizens, homeless
    • Government- decision making authority who rule by consensus of the people
    • Specialization- certain individuals can devote their life to a specific job
    • Record keeping- elite keep track of surplus and inventory
  13. Evolution of writing (3)
    • Minoans- linear A
    • Mesopotamia- tokens used as symbols
    • Egypt- Hieroglyphs
  14. Four characteristics of Holocene
    • 1. Subsistence focus was shifted as primary animals and plants went extinct
    • 2. Broad and rich diversity
    • 3. Shifted to smaller food (fish) and plants 
    • 4. Shift from nomadic to sedentary
  15. Conspicuous Consumption
    In egyptian society, pharaohs have excess amounts of treasures that are taken with them to the afterlife as well as lavish tombs
  16. Lung-Shan Culture
    Cemeteries- elite have big coffins and grave goods v. poor who have small coffins and no grave goods

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