role: works closely with insulin to regulate and release energy from glucose
deficiency: impaired insulin (action resulting in a diabetes-ike condition of high blood glucose which resolves with Cr supplementation); supplements cannot cure diabetes; diet high in simple sugars and low in whole, nutrient-dense food deplete the body’s supply of Cr
proportion of muscle, bone, fat, and organs, water (control)
controlling body composition is more important than controlling body weight
percent body fat (man of normal weight: 12-20%, female of normal weight: 20-30%)
what are some risk of being overweight/obese
HTN, diabetes (type 2) (x3), heart disease, high cholesterol, complications in pregnancy and surgery, flat feet, gallbladder disease, gout, sleep apnea, prostate and breast cancer
central obesity is...
fat collecting in the central abdominal area of the body (visceral fat)
increases the risk of type II diabetes, stole,HTN, and coronary artery disease
may increase the risk of death from all causes as compared to fat accusations elsewhere in the body
__________ weight for height ration in people 20 years or older
Body Mass Index (BMI)
when should we not use BMI?
pregnant and lactating women
adults over 65
teenagers (until growth cessation occurs)
what are the risky waist circumference measurement?
men >40 inches
women >35 inches
List and define the three components of the body’s energy expenditure (energy “out”).