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What are the 3 building blocks of love?
What is intimacy?
- feeling warmth, understanding, trust, and support from significant other
- having a liking for someone
What is passion?
What is commitment?
having stability, consistency, and satisfaction in a relationship
What are the 8 different kinds of love formed through intimacy, passion, and commitment?
- nonlove (absence of intimacy, passion, and commitment)
- liking (intimacy is high but passion and commitment are very low)
- infatuation (strong passion but lack of intimacy and commitment)
- empty love (commitment in the absence of passion and intimacy)
- romantic love (high intimacy and passion but commitment does not always occur)
- companionate love (intimacy and commitment with lack of passion)
- fatuous love (passion and commitment with absence of intimacy)
- consummate love (presence of intimacy, passion, and commitment)
Does empirical evidence support Sternberg's model?
What are the biological components of love?
How does lust fill an evolutionary imperative?
provides motivation to mate with others for reproduction
How does attraction fill an evolutionary imperative?
- promotes the pursuit of a particular preferred romantic partner
- drives pair bonding
How does attachment fill an evolutionary imperative?
promotes a couple staying together for the protection and survival of the children through comfort, security, and connection
How does the theory on biology of love support sternberg's theory?
- it shows that the 3 angles of love can be independent of each other, separately ranging from weak to strong at any given time
- One can have lust, attraction, or attachment without the other.
What are the physiological, cognitive, and behavioral experiences of passionate love?
- Physiological: passion excites different areas of our brain than affection and commitment and dopamine creates the feeling of excitement that we experience in loving relationships
What is companionate love?
comfortable, affectionate, trusting love for a likable partner based on a deep sense of friendship
How is companionate love different from compassionate and romantic love?
companionate love does not involve any passion
What are the 6 different styles of loving?
- Eros (romantic, passionate love) physical
- Ludus (love as a game) passion
- Storge (love as friendship) intimacy
- Mania (obsessive love)
- Agape (selfless, dutiful love) altruistic
- Pragma (realistic love)
How could the 6 styles of loving be incorporated into sternberg's model?
Each style draws upon at least one of each angle from the triangle model
What evidence shows that love declines over time and 3 influences on love that help explain the decline?
- scores on romantic and passionate love scales go down as the years go by
- fantasy and novelty within the relationship erodes with time and experience
- arousal within the relationship fades as familiarity increases
What are people's chances for long lasting love and what may they do to increase those chances?
There are chances for long lasting love but mostly through intimacy and commitment (companionate love)