Muscles of lower leg

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felixhorst
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311065
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Muscles of lower leg
Updated:
2015-11-08 12:44:09
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Muscles lleg
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  1. Muscles of the anterior Group?
    • M. tibialis anterior 
    • M. extensor digitorum longus 
    • M. extensor hallucis longus
  2. Muscles of the lateral group?
    • M. fibularis longus
    • musculus fibularis brevis
  3. Muscles of the posterior group?
    • Superficial layer:
    • M. triceps surae 
    • M. plantaris 

    • Deep layer:
    • M. Popliteus 
    • M. tibialis posterior 
    • M. flexor digitorum longus 
    • M. flexor hallucis longus
  4. M. Tibialis anterior 
    Origin?
    Insertion? 
    Function?
    innervation?
    • condylus lateralis, membrana interossea cruris, corpus Tibiae
    • Basis ossis metatarsi primum, os cuniforme mediale
    • dorsiflexion and supination
    • N. fibularis profundus
  5. M. extensor digitorum longus 
    Origin?
    Insertion? 
    Function?
    innervation?
    • Tibia- Condylus lateralis, Corpus Fibulae, Membrana interossea cruris
    • Four tendons to the 2nd - 5th toe(into the dorsal aponeurosis of the toe)
    • extension of the 2nd-  5th toe, dorsiflexion 
    • N. fibularis profundus
  6. Musculus extensor hallucis longus 
    Origin?
    Insertion? 
    Function?
    innervation?
    • Fibula- Facies medialis (middle 2/4)
    • Membrana interossea cruris
    • Dorsal aponeurosis of then Hallux, distal phalanx of the big toe
    • extension of the Hallux 
    • N. fibularis profundus
  7. M. peroneus longus 
    Origin?
    Insertion? 
    Function?
    innervation?
    • Caput fibulae, corpus fibulae
    • Tuberositas ossis metatarsi I, os cuniforme mediale
    • Plantarflexion, pronation and eversion 
    • N. fibularis superfacialis
  8. M. peroneus brevis
    Origin?
    Insertion? 
    Function?
    innervation?
    • corpus fibulae 
    • tuberositas ossis metatarsi V
    • plantar flexion, pronation and eversion of the foot 
    • N. peroneus superfacialis
  9. Origin of extensor hallucis longus
    fibula- condylus lateralis, membrana interossea cruris
  10. M. triceps surae 
    Origin?
    Insertion? 
    Function?
    innervation?
    • M. gastrocnemius, Caput mediale: Condylus medialis of femur 
    • M. gastrocnemius, Caput laterale: Condylus lateralis of femur
    • M. Soleus: proximal third of the fibula, Facies posterior of the tibia (line musculi sole), 
    • M. plantaris: Condylus lateralis of the Femur

    Tuber calcanei (via tendo calcaneus)

    • Flexion (knee joint)
    • Plantar flexion (most important muscle)
    • Supination

    N. Tibialis
  11. M. popliteus 
    Origin?
    Insertion? 
    Function?
    innervation?
    • Condylus laterals of the Femur
    • Facies posterior of the Tibia, superior to the line musical solei 
    • Medial rotation, prevents entrapment of the meniscus 
    • N. Tibialis
  12. M. Tibialis posterior 
    Origin?
    Insertion? 
    Function?
    innervation?
    • Membrana interossea cruris, Tibia and Fibula 
    • Tuberositas ossis navicularis, Os cuniforme mediale 
    • Plantar flexion, supination 
    • N. tibialis
  13. M. flexor digitorum longus 
    Origin?
    Insertion? 
    Function?
    innervation?
    • Facies posterior of the Tibia and Fibula 
    • Phalanx distalis of the 2nd- 5 th toes 
    • Flexion of the toes, Plantar flexion, supination 
    • N. tibialis
  14. M. flexor hallucis longus 
    Origin?
    Insertion? 
    Function?
    innervation?
    • Fibula- facies posterior, membrana interossea cruris 
    • Phalanx distills of the hallux 
    • Plantar flexion,flexion of the big toe, supination and adduction of the foot
  15. the M. triceps surae consists of?
    • M. Soleus 
    • Two headed M. gastrocnemius

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