Psychological Disorders

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Author:
tanyalequang
ID:
311072
Filename:
Psychological Disorders
Updated:
2015-11-07 16:25:27
Tags:
c12 psychology
Folders:
psychology
Description:
Psychological Disorders
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  1. Rosenhan's research concluded that
    • how mislabeling can actually lead to self'fulfilling prophecies.
    • mental health professionals are unable to distinguish the mentally ill from the mentally healthy
  2. What are the consequences of labeling people?
    medical model emphasizes the diagnosis as proper labels which may lead to dehumanization, choosing to ignore the social and cultural contexts that may have influenced the symptoms
  3. What are the 5 factors that may indicate abnormality
    • Distress
    • Maladaptiveness
    • Irrationality
    • Unpredictability
    • Unconventionality and Undesirable behavior
  4. What is the most widely used system for classifying mental disorders and how is it organized
    The DSM-5 is the most widely system used for classifying mental disorders and organized by mental and behavioral symptoms
  5. What are the three mood disorders
    • Major depression
    • Seasonal affective disorder
    • bipolar disorder
  6. Major depression
    • major depression accounts for the majority of hospital admissions and is the most common disability around the world
    • a mood disorder
  7. Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)
    • depression caused by lack of sunlight
    • a mood disorder
  8. Bipolar Disorder
    a mental abnormality involving mood swings ranging
  9. Name the 4 anxiety disorders
    • Generalized anxiety 
    • Panic Disorder
    • Agoraphobia
    • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
  10. Generalized Anxiety Disorder
    persistent and pervasive feelings of anxiety, without any known external cause
  11. Panic Disorder
    random panic attacks
  12. Agoraphobia
    fear of public places or open spaces
  13. Obsessive-Compulsive disorder
    • patterns of persistent, unwanted thoughts and behaviors, which are usually hereditary.
    • obsession - thoughts
    • compulsions - repetitive acts
  14. Describe and give 2 examples of somatoform disorders
    • somatoform disorders are psychological problems appearing in the form of bodily symptoms or physical complaints
    • examples include:
    • Conversion
    • Illness Anxiety Disorder
  15. Explain what is conversion disorder
    paralysis, weakness or loss of sensation without any physical cause
  16. Illness anxiety disorder
    excessive concern about health and disease (hypochondria)
  17. Dissociative Disorders
    disorders that involve the "fragmentation" or dissipation of personality
  18. Dissociative Amnesia
    Psychologically induced loss of memory
  19. Dissociative Fugue
    Dissociative amnesia along with running away from one's home, family, and job
  20. Depersonalization disorder
    the sensation of having your mind and body split
  21. Dissociative Identity Disorder
    Also called multiple personality disorder.
  22. Schizophrenia
    • occurs between the ages of 25 - 45 for women and 25 for men.
    • Positive Symptoms: hearing voices, delusions
    • Negative Symptoms: withdrawal or difficulty expressing emotions as well as the inability to feel pleasure
  23. What are the criteria to diagnosing schizophrenia
    • delusins
    • hallucinations
    • disorganized speech
    • irratic behavior
    • negative symptoms
  24. What are the causes of schizophrenia
    schizophrenia may be caused by biological factors were an individuals genetic makeup may place additional stress on the individual.
  25. Explain what are neurodevelopmental disorders and the 3 examples
    Neurodevelopmental disorders are disorders that may appear at any age but are first seen in childhood
  26. Autism
    • neurodevelopmental disorder
    • difficulty interacting socially, reading ability and language use
  27. Dyslexia
    • Neurodevelopmental Disorders
    • reading disability even with normal IQ
  28. ADHD
    having a short attention span and extreme difficulty in maintaining inactive for any period
  29. explain what are personality disorders and give 3 examples
    • patterns of poor judgement or disordered thinking, lack of impulse control
    • Narcissistic
    • Antisocial
    • Borderline
  30. Narcissistic
    • Personality disorder
    • exaggerated sense of self-importance, need for constant attention or admiration, or preoccupation with fantasies of success or power
  31. Antisocial
    • personality disorder
    • lack of conscience or sense of responsibility to others
  32. Borderline __ disorder
    • personality disorder
    • instability and impulsiveness. Very little tolerance for frustration

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