biology chp.8

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Anonymous
ID:
311083
Filename:
biology chp.8
Updated:
2015-11-07 20:19:05
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biology
Folders:
biology
Description:
photosynthesis
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  1. the cellular organelle where photosynthesis takes place
    chloroplast
  2. chloroplasts contain chemical compounds
    chlorophylls
  3. the inner membrane of a chloroplast encloses a thick fluid
    stroma
  4. suspended in the stoma are many disk-shaped sacs
    thylakoids
  5. converts the energy in sunlight to chemical energy
    light reactions
  6. makes sugar from carbon dioxide atoms
    Calvin cycle
  7. the distance between 2 adjacent waves
    wavelength
  8. the range of types of electromagnetic energy, from the very short wavelengths of gamma rays to the very wavelengths of radio waves
    electromagnetic spectrum
  9. a substance's color is due to chemical compounds
    pigments
  10. you can observe the different pigments in a green leaf
    paper chromatography
  11. within the thylakoid membrane, chlorophyll and other molecules are arranged in clusters
    photosystems
  12. the process by which carbon moves from inorganic to organic compounds and back
    carbon cycle
  13. keeps the world warm enough for living things
    greenhouse effect
  14. plants make energy by ______________
    photosynthesis
  15. an organism that makes its own food
    autotroph ( producer )
  16. an organism that cannot make their only food
    heterotroph ( consumer )
  17. chemical process that uses oxygen to and the chemical energy in organic molecules into ATP
    cellular respiration
  18. adenosine triphosphate= _ _ _
    ATP
  19. energy of motion
    kinetic energy
  20. energy that is stored
    potential energy
  21. food contains organic molecules with a form of potential energy
    chemical energy
  22. food ______ chemical energy
    stores
  23. how do we measure how much energy something has?
    calorie
  24. what is the source of all our energy
    glucose
  25. the breakdown or splitting a glucose molecule
    glycolysis
  26. finishes the breakdown of pyruvic acid to CO2 and ATP
    kreb cycle
  27. major ATP producer
    electron transport chain
  28. cellular respiration is an _______ process - it requires ______
    aerobic, oxygen
  29. since glycolysis is a process that does not need oxygen it is called _________
    anaerobic
  30. glycolysis occurs in the __________
    cytoplasm
  31. kern cycle occurs in the __________
    mitochondria
  32. the electron transfer chain occurs in the ______ ____________
    inner membrane
  33. the process by which cells can make ATP without oxygen is called ____________
    fermentation
  34. photosynthesis occurs in the __________
    chloroplasts
  35. _____ _________ converts energy in sunlight to chemical energy
    light reactions
  36. ______ _____ makes food ( glucose ) from the atoms of CO2 and hydrogen ions ( from water )
    calvin cycle
  37. distance between two adjacent waves
    wavelength
  38. short waves=____ ______
    high energy
  39. long waves=___ ______
    low energy
  40. why do leaves appear green?
    chlorophyll reflects green; absorbs all others
  41. then carbon can be considered _________ such as CARBON DIOXIDE ( no hydrogen )
    inorganic
  42. the ______ _____ is the process by which carbon moves from inorganic  carbon dioxide to organic molecules ( glucose ) and back again ( it cycles )
    carbon cycle

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