Western Civ I (Week 10)

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lanzer2
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Western Civ I (Week 10)
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2015-11-08 16:14:53
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Western Civ I (Week 10)
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  1. The Italian Renaissance – Origins and Humanism
  2. “Renaissance”
    • French for "rebirth" of Greco-Roman antiquity culture
    • began in Italy (lots of money, filled with remnants of ancient world
    • Florence was the capital of the Renaissance
  3. HUMANISM
    • program emphasizing the study of the form and content
    • of classical learning.
    • humanists
  4. FRANCESCO PETRARCH (1304- 1374)
    • most renowned humanist
    • revived classical studies
    • wrote poem Africa about the Punic Wars
  5. Lorenzo Valla (1407-1457)
    • italian humanist
    • On the False Donation of Constantine (1444)
    • exposed the Donation of Constantine as a fraud
  6. “civic humanism”
    • they put their literary talents toward promoting the cities in which they lived
    • focused on morality and ethics
  7. NICCOLÒ MACHIAVELLI (1469-1527)
    • wrote book on politics in 1513: The Prince.
    • be strong and intimidating like a lion while simultaneously being as cunning as a fox in order to keep power
  8. The Italian Renaissance - Art and Architecture
  9. Medieval Traditions
    • byzantine style
    • stiff, 2d
    • gold skies
    • ie Madonna and Child
  10. Renaissance Art
    • recreate nature as it truely appeared
    • revive classical idealism
    • captured sense of individual
  11. GIOTTO (ca. 1266-1337)
    • “Pre-Renaissance,” painter
    • fresco paintings in the Arena Chapel
    • The Lamentation
    • master of emotion
  12. LINEAR PERSPECTIVE
    illusion of 3 dimensions and depth in artwork
  13. Masaccio
    Painted The Holy Trinity (1427)
  14. DONATELLO (1386-1466)
    • sculpted David (1428-1432)
    • Gattamelata from 1453 “equestrian” statue (one riding on a horse)
  15. LEONARDO DA VINCI (1452-1519)
    • quintessential “Renaissance man.”
    • artist, art theorist, architect, musician, scientist, and engineer
    • The Last Supper
    • The Mona Lisa
    • Embryo in the Womb (ca. 1510)
    • The Vitruvian Man (1490)
  16. MICHELANGELO (1475-1564)
    • artist and sculptor
    • The Pietà (ca. 1500). (virgin Mary cradling the dead Christ)
    • David (1501- 04) (sixteen feet high)
    • Sistine Chapel (The Creation of Adam)
  17. Raphael (1483-1520)
    • Portraitist
    • Many Madonna and Child images
    • The School of Athens
  18. Alberti
    Alberti’s Façade of S. Andrea, Mantua
  19. Brunelleschi (1377-1446)
    The dome of the cathedral of Florence
  20. The Northern Renaissance
    • Christian humanism
    • religous reform
  21. THE PRINTING PRESS
    • cheaper books
    • moveable lead type
    • invented by the German Johann Gutenberg
  22. ERASMUS OF ROTTERDAM (1466-1536)
    • Northern Humanist
    • "Prince of Humanists"
    • Praise of Folly (1511) (satire)
    • the Greek New Testament
  23. SIR THOMAS MORE (1478-1535)
    • Northern Humanist
    • served as chancellor to King Henry VIII
    • Spiritual and person of great integrity
    • wrote Utopia (criticized political-social abuses in Tudor England)
  24. Northern Art
    • Oil paintings rather than fresco
    • Religous Scenes
  25. Flemish Jan van Eyck (ca. 1390-1441)
    The Arnolfini Portrait (1434)
  26. WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE (d. 1616)
    • Playwright
    • Romeo and Juliet, Julius Caesar, Macbeth, Hamlet
  27. European Expansion – The Historical Context
    • goal was discovery
    • better boats to explore oceans
  28. European Expansion – Portugal
    Territory in Brazil
  29. PRINCE HENRY THE NAVIGATOR (1394-1460)
    eager for the Portuguese to discover a new route to Asia Around Africa
  30. Bartholomeu Dias (ca. 1450-1500) & Vasco da Gama (ca. 1460-1524)
    • portuguese that traveled beyond the tip of Africa
    • reacheded India and came back with Pepper and Gems
  31. European Expansion – Spain
  32. CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS
    • Genoese mariner from northern Italy
    • Sponsored by Queen Isabella to sail due west.
    • Niña, the Pinta, and the Santa Maria.
    • Landed in San Salvador in the Bahamas
  33. Amerigo Vespucci (1451-1512)
    Realized that Columbus actualy found a new Continent
  34. Balboa
    crossed the Isthmus of Panama
  35. Ferdinand Magellan (ca. 1480-1521)
    • not Spanish, but sailed on behalf of Spain
    • His crew circumnavigated the entire globe before they returned to Spain
  36. HERNÁN CORTÉS (1485- 1547)
    • Conquistador
    • Determined to conquer the Aztec Empire
    • Concquered them with 600 men
  37. Aztecs
    • Montezuma II (r. 1502-1520) was emperor
    • Capital TENOCHTITLÁN
    • Polytheistic and human sacrifices
  38. FRANCISCO PIZARRO (ca. 1475-1541)
    • Conquistador
    • Determined to conquer the Inca Empire (lots of silver)
  39. Incas
    • Peru
    • Capital Cuzco (12,00 feet high in the Andes Mountains)
  40. COLUMBIAN EXCHANGE
    • Spain exported European Culture and Christianity to the New World
    • Inported new foods, new animals and animal products back to Europe
  41. American Indians
    • Wiped out by European diseases such as
    • smallpox

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