480 Exam 2 Definitions and People

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camsanchez
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311180
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480 Exam 2 Definitions and People
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2015-11-09 17:49:22
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definitions
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  1. Layer Cake Model of culture
    • Leslie White
    • ideological
    • social and political organization
    • technology and economy
  2. Second law of thermodynamics:
    • Leslie White
    • the idea that the universe is running down structurally and dynamically resulting in entropy
  3. Sui Generis:
    • Leslie White
    • culture as a system of its own kind
  4. Thermodynamic Law
    • Leslie White
    • culture evolves as the amount of energy harnessed per capita per year
    • is increased. Energy x Technology equals cultural product.
  5. Thermodynamics
    • Leslie White
    • the study of the conversion of forms of energy in the universe
  6. Cultural ecology
    • Julian Steward
    • Relationship between culture & environment
  7. Band
    • Julian Steward
    • distinguished this from Service’s tribe, chiefdom, and state. Defined 3 types of bands patrilineal, matrilineal, and composite
  8. Adaptation
    • Julian Steward
    • became the rubric of culture ecology
  9. Multilinear Evolution
    • Julian Steward
    • societies had multiple lines of development–But, bound by regularities
  10. Parallel evolution
    • Julian Steward
    • asks “Why are there similar adaptations in similar environments?”
  11. Independent Variables
    • Julian Steward
    • Independent variables: environment & economy
  12. Dependent Variable
    • Julian Steward
    • social organization & ideology
  13. Culture core
    • Julian Steward
    • Features related to subsistence & economics
    • changes in one layer, affects changes in others
  14. Made 3 age system more socioeconomic
    • Gordon Childe
    • Paleolithic, neolithic, urban revolution
    • similar to Morgan
  15. General Social-economic Categories
    • Elman Service
    • Band
    • tribe
    • Cheifdom
    • State
  16. economic & political categories
    • Morton Fried
    • egalitarian
    • ranked
    • stratified
    • state
  17. Cultural subsystems
    • Marvin Harris
    • infrastructure
    • structure
    • superstructure
  18. Behavioural Domain
    • Marvin Harris
    • What people do
  19. Mental Domain
    • Marvin Harris
    • What people think
  20. Emic Behavioural Domain
    • Marvin Harris
    • What people think about their own behavior
  21. Emic Mental Domain
    • Marvin Harris
    • What people think about their own thoughts
  22. Structure of the conjuncture
    Marshall Sahlins
  23. Neomaterialism
  24. Neoevolutionism
  25. Materialism
  26. Globalization
  27. Ethnoscape
    Arjun Appadurai
  28. Technoscape
    Arjun Appadurai
  29. Mediascape
    Arjun Appadurai
  30. Financescape
    Arjun Appadurai
  31. Ideoscape
    Arjun Appadurai
  32. Agency
  33. Habitus
    Pierre Bourdieu

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