Equine2- Geriatric Horses

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  1. What is the most common cause of mortality in horses?
    old age
  2. Physical aging changes. (4)
    graying of hair coat, decreased muscle mass, loss of body fat/periorbital fat, longer hair coat every year
  3. Blood work-associated aging changes. (4)
    increased MCV, decreased hemoglobin, decreased lymphs and monos (immuno-senescence)
  4. There is an increase in ____(2)____ in horses with PPID.
    glucose and ACTH
  5. Most common diseases of old horses. (4 groupings, 7 diseases)
    • GI- colic, lipoma
    • Musculoskeletal- lameness, laminitis
    • Respiratory- heaves, RAO
    • Endocrine- PPID
  6. Low _______ means nothing in an old horse.
  7. History of dysphagia/dropping food should have you considering... (4)
    dental disease, colic, choke, aspiration pneumonia
  8. PPID is a disease of _________; it is treated with _________.
    old horses; Pergolide
  9. What articular degenerative processes are related with lameness in older horses? (3)
    DJD, degeneration of suspensory ligament, could result from endocrinopathies
  10. How does degeneration of the suspensory ligament manifest?
    straight hocks with fetlock sinking
  11. If they have foot pain, you need to control....
    body condition--> foot pain leads to foot abscesses and laminitis
  12. Laminitis is very often associated with ___________.
  13. Treatment for lameness. (6)
    Palliative, NSAIDs, hyaluronate, chondroitin/glucosamine, diet control, light exercise
  14. It is not unusual or remarkable when an older horse has a(n) _________ heart murmur.
  15. Most common neoplasias in old horses. (top 3 in order)
    [1] eye/genitalia squamous cell carcinoma, [2] melanomas, [3] lymphomas
  16. Severe colic and nasogastric reflux in an old horse--> ALWAYS CONSIDER ______________
    strangulating lipoma
  17. Management of RAO is based on... (3)
    environmental and diet modifications to reduce dust, drugs
  18. Examples of dental disease in old horses. (4)
    wave mouth, step mouth, smooth mouth, and periodontal disease
  19. Choke, large colon impaction, whole grain in manure, and dropping of quids are all associated with __________ in old horses.
    dental disease
  20. What is the third most expensive horse-keeping cost?
    hoof care
  21. What should you discuss with clients about older horses with fertility problems?
    expectations and safety for the animal to continue breeding
  22. What kind of diet should you feed older horses?
    fat-based diet; NOT STARCH/SUGAR because they trigger many endocrinopathies
  23. Quarter horses and some drafts that "tie up" or are stiff on exercise likely have ___________.
    PSSM (polysaccharide storage myopathy)
  24. Avoid __________ diets in older horses.
    high starch
  25. What is the purpose for soaking hay? (2)
    removes some carbohydrates, makes hay easier to chew
Card Set:
Equine2- Geriatric Horses
2015-11-10 02:24:39
vetmed equine2

vetmed equine2
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