480 Reading Quotes

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camsanchez
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480 Reading Quotes
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2015-11-11 19:16:50
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  1. "Culture is an organization of phenomena - material objects, bodily acts, ideas, and sentiments - which consist of or is dependent upon the use of symbols. Man being the only animal capable of symbol behavior, is the only creature to possess culture."
    • Leslie White
    • Pg. 224
  2. "Cultural Anthropology is that branch of natural science which deals with matter and motion, i.e,. energy, phenomena in cultural form, as biology deals with them in cellular, and physics in atomic form."
    • Leslie White
    • Any energy references is most likely going to be white
    • pg. 224
  3. "Furthermore the satisfaction of human needs from "inner resources" may be regarded as a constant, the satisfaction of needs from the outer resources a variable."
    • Leslie White
    • Any "mathematical-like" references would most likely be White (ExT=P)
    • pg. 224
  4. " Although peoples obviously differ from each other physically, we are not able to attribute differences in culture to differences in physique (or "mentality").
    • Leslie White
    • pg. 224
  5. "No two habits are alike; every habit varies in time."
    • Leslie White
    • pg. 224
  6. "The efficiency with which human energy is expended mechanically depends upon the bodily skills of the persons involved, and upon the nature of the tools employed."
    • Leslie White
    • pg. 225
  7. "Thus we know, not only how culture evolves, but why, as well. The urge, inherent in all living species, to live, to make life more secure, more rich, more full, to insure the perpetuations of the species, seizes upon, when it does not produce, better (i.e more effective) means of living and surviving."
    • Leslie White
    • Pg. 227
  8. "In the beginning of culture history, man had only the energy of his own body under his control and at his disposal for culture living and culture-building."
    • Leslie White
    • pg. 227
  9. "But there is a vast difference between merely exploiting the resources of nature and harnessing the forces of nature."
    • Leslie White
    • Pg. 227
  10. "In a wild food economy, an animal or a plant is of value to man only after it has ceased to be an animal or plant, i.e a living organism."
    • Leslie White
    • Pg. 28
  11. "Thus, when man domesticated animals and brought plants under cultivation, he harnessed powerful forces of nature, brought them under his control, and made them work for him ...."
    • Leslie White
    • Technology and environment references
    • Pg. 229
  12. "Cultural progress was extremely rapid after the origon of agriculture. The great civilizations of China, India, Mesopotamia, Egypt, Mexico and Peru sprang up quickly after the agriculturl arts had attained some degree of development and maturity."
    • Leslie White
    • Pg. 229
  13. "Moreover, like most cultural historical theories, neither the hypothesis of diffusion nor of archaic heritage provides an explanationof how and why the patrilineal band developed in the first place."
    • Julian Steward
    • Pg. 243
  14. " The Congo Negritos and the Phillipines Negritos lived in the tropical rain forests, the former in lowlands and the latter in mountains.?
    • Julian Steward
    • Pg. 244
  15. "All families were normally related through the male line, and the band, therefore, constituteda locally exogamous and patrilocal group."
    • Julian Steward
    • Pg. 247
  16. "The introduction of the horse about a century and a half ago completely altered ecological conditions in Patagonia."
    • Julian Steward
    • Pg. 250
  17. "The presence of numerous modern states and the efficiency of communications have converted all movements toward state level organization into acculturation phenomena of some degree."
    • Morton Fried
    • Pg. 263
  18. "The simplest adn most universal criteria of differential status are those two potent axes of the basic division of labor, age, and sex."
    • Morton Fried
    • Pg. 265
  19. " In all egalitarian economies, however, there is also a germ of redistribution."
    • Morton Fried
    • Pg. 265
  20. "With the passage to stratified society man enters a completely new area of social life."
  21. "Much more likely the relationship between bovines and humans is symbiotic instead of competitive."
    • Marvin Harris
    • Pg. 278
  22. " Some form of animal traction is required to initiate the agricultural cycle, dependent upon plowing in both rainfall and irrigation areas."
    • Marvin Harris
    • Pg. 279
  23. "People will admit that they "neglect" their animals, but will not openly accept responsibility for the etic effects, i.e, the more or less rapid death which ensues."
    • Marvin harris
    • pg. 286
  24. "This marathon sprint through economic history onto New York's streets has been compounded ideologically by an overtly racist "cultural assault".
    • Phillippe Bourgois
    • Pg. 588
  25. "They eke out an uneasy subsistance in entry level service and manufacturing jobs in a city with one of the highest costs of living in the world."
    • Phillippe Bourgois
    • pg. 589
  26. " Low level service sector employment engenders a humiliating ideological - or cultural-confrontation between powerful corps of white office executives and their assistants versus a mass of poorly educated, alienated, "colored" workers."
    • Phillipe Bourgois
    • Pg. 590
  27. "I then turn to a discussion of the asymmetric nature of archaeological and ecological data between the northern and southern halves of the American Bottom and the impact this imbalance has had on archaeological perceptions of the contemporaneous societies that once existed there."
    Sissel Schroeder
  28. "What was arguably the most spectacular of the Mississippian-era (c. AD 1000-1600) Native American societies in eastern North America was located here, centred on the site of Cahokia."
    Sissel Schroeder
  29. "The first belt - also called the 'low sinuosity meander scar zone' (Milner 1993) - adjacent to the river, does not appear to have been extensively inhabited during late prehistoric times, and geomorphological research suggests that many of the landforms within this first belt are more recent in age (Hajic 1992; White et al. 1984).
    Sissel Schroeder
  30. "It is argued that archaeology has made few contributions to the general field of anthropology with regard to explaining cultural similarities and differences."
    Lewis Binford
  31. "One major factor contributing to this lack is asserted to be the tendency to treat artifacts as equal and comparable traits which can be explained within a single model of culture change and modification"
    Lewis Binford
  32. "IT HAS BEEN aptly stated that "American archaeology is anthropology or it is nothing"
    Lewis Binford
  33. "Processual change in one variable can then be shown to re- late in a predictable and quantifiable way to changes in other variables, the latter changing in turn relative to changes in the structure of the system as a whole"
    Lewis Binford
  34. "Archaeologists should be among the best qualified to study and directly test hypotheses concerning the process of evolutionary change, particularly processes of change that are rela- tively slow, or hypotheses that postulate tem- poral-processual priorities as regards total cul- tural systems."
    Lewis Binford
  35. "The extent and degree to which subsistence patterns affect the total structure of the society and the functional integration of its various parts are questions to be answered by empirical procedure."
    Julian Steward
  36. "Containers used in transporting, preparing, and storing food, for example, could not be elaborate, heavy, or numerous because of the nomadic life, but the materials of which they were made, their specific forms, and their decorations were quite variable."
    Julian Steward
  37. "Every human society differentiates among its member sand assigns greater or less prestige to individuals according to certain of their attributes."
    Morton Fried
  38. "The simplest technique of limiting status, beyond those already discussed, is to make succession to status dependent upon birth order."
    Morton Fried
  39. "Thus, in primitive society, producers control the means of production, including their own labor, and exchange their own labor and it products for the culturally defined equivalent goods and services of others."
    Eric Wolf
  40. "As the overarching power sturcture weakens, many traditional social ties also lose their paritcular sanctions."
    Eric Wolf
  41. "We are human beings studying other human beings, and we cannot leave ourselves out of the equation. We rchose to ask e certain questions, and not others."
    Sally Slocum
  42. 'The perspective of women is, in many ways, equally foreign to anthroplology that has been developed and pursued primarily by males."
    Sally Slocum
  43. "In fact, one frequently is led to suspect that in the minds of many anthropologists. "man" supposedly meaning the human species, is actually exactly synonymous with "males"."
    Sally Slocum

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