Chapter 4

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Henri93
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Chapter 4
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2015-11-11 21:28:33
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Chapter 4
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  1. A system of government in which a written constitution divides power between a central, or national, government and regional governments.
    Federalism
  2. basic principle of federalism; the constitutional provisions by which governmental powers are divided on a geographic basis
    Division of Powers
  3. those powers, expressed, implied, or inherent, granted to the National Government by the constitution
    delegated powers
  4. those delegated powers of the National Government that are spelled out, expressly, in the Constitution; also called the "enumerated powers"
    Expressed powers
  5. those delegated powers of the National Government that are suggested by the expressed powers set out in the Constitution; those, "necessary and proper" to carry out the expressed powers.
    Implied Powers
  6. powers the Constitution is presumed to have delegated to the National Government because it is the government of a sovereign state in the world.
    Inherent Powers
  7. those powers that the Constitution does not grant to the National Government and does not deny to the States
    Reserved Power
  8. those delegated powers of the National Government that are spelled out in the Constitution; also called the "enumerated powers"
    exclusive powers
  9. those powers that both the National Government and the States possess and exercise
    Concurrent Powers
  10. a provision of the U.S. Constitution that States the Constituion, federal law, and treaties of the United States are the "Supreme Law of the Land."
    Supremacy Clause
  11. a congressional act directing the people of a United States territory to frame a proposed State constitution as a step towards admission to the Union
    Enabling Act
  12. congressional act admitting a new State to the Union
    Act of Admission
  13. grants of federal money or other resources to States, cities, countries, and other local units
    Grants-in-aid program
  14. one type of federal grnats-in-aid; made fro some specific purpose
    Categorical Grant
  15. one type of federal grants-in-aid for some particular but broadly defined area of public policy
    Block Grant
  16. one type of federal grants-in-aid made for specific projects to States, localities, and private agencies who apply for them
    Project Grant
  17. formal agreement entered into with the consent of Congress, between or among States, or between a State and a foreign State
    Interstate Compact
  18. Constitution's requirement that each State accept the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other state.
    Full Faith and Credit Clause
  19. the legal process by which a fugitive from justice in one State is returned to that State
    Extradiction
  20. Constitution's stipulation that all citizens are entitled to certain :priveliges and immunities" regardless of their State of residence; no State can draw unreasonable distinctions between its own residents and those persons who happen to live in other States
    Privileges and Immunities Clause
  21. What is the difference between exclusive and concurrent powers?
    Concurrent powers are delegated to the National Government are concurrent powers which are powers given to both the National Government and the States, while exclusive powers are only given to the National Government.
  22. Powers denied to the Federal Government
    • 1. They can't take away rights provided in the Bill of Rights
    • 2. Powers denied because of the silence of the constitution, powers not given in the constitution
    • 3. lack of power due to the federal system itself.
  23. What is the process of admitting new States?
    The area desiring the Statehood first asks Congress for admission and if Congress chooses to accept the request, sends the areas an enabling act which directs the people of the territory to draft a constitution. If congress approves the act, they send out an act of admission. Finally, the PResident must sign the act for them to become a state in the Union.
  24. When can the national government order the use of federal force
    Normally, a president sends in help only when a plea is made by either the governor of the State or the legislature. If national laws are being broken the President does not need permission to send forces in.
  25. When did extradiction take affect?
    extradiction, define. It wasent until 1987 with Puerto Rico vs Branstad that governors had to comply with returning fugatives and federal courts could intervene

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