section 12

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  1. joints are classified by what?
    how much they move
  2. what are the 3 kinds of joints?
    • synarthroses-immovable
    • amphiaethroses- slightly movable
    • diarthroses- freely movable
  3. 3 structural classification?
    • fibrous
    • cartilaginous
    • synovial
  4. fibrous joints?
    • fibrous tissues
    • no joint cavity
    • most are inmovable
  5. 3 types of fibrous joints?
    • sutures
    • syndesmoses
    • gomphoses
  6. sutues
    where 2 bones are bonded
  7. syndensmosis?
    joint that does no move
  8. gompnoses
    peg-in-socket fibrous joint b/w a tooth and its alveolar socket
  9. cartilaginous joints?
    • lack joint cavity
    • synchonsdroses
    • symphyses
  10. articulating bones are united by what?
    cartilage
  11. symphyses
    • hyaline cartilage
    • amphiarthrotic
  12. hyaline cartilage
    covers the articulating surface of the bone and is fused to disc of fribrocartilage
  13. amphiarthrotic joints
    • designed for strength and flexibility
    • ex. intervertebral joints
  14. synovial joints
    • joints in which the articulating bones are separated by a fluid containing joint cavity
    • freely movable diarthroses
    • ex. limb joints
  15. bursae
    flattened, fibrous sacs lined with synovial membranes and containing synovial fluid
  16. arthristis
    • more than 100types
    • inflammatory or degenerative diseases that damage joints
  17. osteoarthritis
    • wear&tear arthritis
    • affects woman more than men
    • as one ages, artilage is destroyed more quicly than it is replaced
    • most common arthritis
  18. rheumatoid arthritis
    • your autoimmune system attacks your own body
    • begins with synovitis of the affected joint
  19. itis
    infection
  20. gouty arthritis
    • affects the joint at the base of the base toe (big toe)
    • the bone ends fuse and immobilized the joint

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Author:
apvg1997
ID:
311523
Filename:
section 12
Updated:
2015-11-15 22:33:51
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section 12
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section 12
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