general term for any undesirable effects that are a direct response to one or more drugs
dru that binds to and stimulates the activity of one or ore receptors in the body
an immuonologic hypersensitivity reaction resulting form the unsual sensitivity of a patient to a particular medications; a type of adverse drug event
drug that binds to and inhibits the activity of one or more receptors in the body. also called inhibitors
the name that describes the chemical composition and molecular structure of a drug
any condition, especially one related to a disease state or patient characteristic, including current or recent drug therapy, that renders a particular form of treatment improper or undesirable
the process by which solid forms of drugs disintegrate in the GI tract and become soluable before eing absorbed into the circulation
any chemical that affects the physiologic processes of a living organism
first pass effect
the initial metabolism int he liver ofa drug absorbed form the GI tract before the drug reaches systemic circulation through the bloodstream
name given to a drug by US adopted names council. Also called the nonproprietary name. The generic name is much shorter and simpler than the chemical name and is not protected by a trademark.
in pharmacokinetics, the time required for half of an administered dose of drug to be eliminated by the body, or the time it takes for the blood level of a drug to be reduced by 50%
science of preparing and dispensing drugs including dosage form design
the study of the biochemical and physiologic interactions of drugs at their sites of activity. it examines the physicochemical properties of drugs and their pharmacologic interactions with body receptors.
the study fo what happens to a dug form the time it is put into the body until the parent drug and all metabolites have left the body. Represents the drug absorption into, distribution and metabolism within, and excretion from the body.
broadest term for the study or science of drugs
the desired or intended effect of a particular medication
the ratio between toxic and therapeutic concentrations of a drug
the condition of producing adverse bodily effects due to poisonous qualities
commeical name given to a dug product by its manufacturer; also called proprietary name
the treatment of pathologic conditions through the use of drugs.
refers to the transport of a drug by the blood-stream to its site of action.
the elimination of drugs from the body. whether they are parent compounds or active or inactive metabolites, drugs eventually must be removed from the body.
over the counter drugs OTC
drugs available to consumers without a prescription. also called nonprescription drugs.
an inactive substance that is not a drug but is formulated to resemble a drug for research purposes.
herbal medicine, chiropractice, acupuncture, massage, reflexology, and any other therapies traditionally not emphasized in western medical schools but popular with may patients.