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A- and An-
Without or no
- Atraumatic means without energy.
- Anuria means absence of urine.
Example: Abduction means away from the midline.
Example: Adduction means towards the midline.
Example: Antiemetics work againist or prevent vomiting.
Difficult, painful, or bad
Example: Dsyphagia means difficulity eating or swallowing.
Good, Easy, or Normal
Example: Euthyroid meand having a normally functioning thyroid gland.
Within or inside
Example: Endocrine means to secrete internally.
Ex- or Exo-
Without, out of, outside, or away from
Example: Exocrine means to secrete externally (via duct).
Example: Ectoparasite is an organism that lives on the outer surface of the host.
Elevated, higher, or more than normal
Example: Hyperglycemia means elevated amounts of blood glucose.
Depressed, lower, or less then normal
Example: Hypoglycemia means depressed amounts of blood glucose.
Example: Intercostal means between the ribs.
Example: Intramuscular means within the muscle.
Many or Excessive
Example: Polyuria means excessive amount urination.
Scant or little
Example: Oligouria means scant amount of frequency of urination.
Example: Preanesthetic means before anesthesia.
Example: Postanesthetic means pertaining to after anesthesia.
Below, under, or less
Example: Sublingual means under the tongue.
Super- and Supra-
Above, beyond, or excessive
- Supernumerary means more than the regular number.
- Suprasapular means above the shoulder blade.
Above, increased, or more than normal
Example: Perioperative is pretaining to the period before, during and after an operation.