Human Anatomy

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Human Anatomy
2010-09-01 13:39:09

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  1. Reginal Anatomy
    looking at different regions of the body
  2. Systemetic Anatomy
    looking at different systems of the body
  3. Surface anatomy
    looking at the surface of the body
  4. Microscopic anatomy
    not visible to the naked eye
  5. atoms
    combine to form molecules (smallest)
  6. macromolecules
    molecule formed from smaller molecules
  7. organelles
    comprised of macromolecules
  8. cells
    comprised of organelles
  9. tissue
    comprised of cells
  10. organs
    comprised of several tissue types connective tissue and parenchyma tissue
  11. parenchyma tissue
    does the work for the organ
  12. connective tissue
    holds things together
  13. organ systems
    comprised of different organs
  14. organism
    comprised of different organ systems
  15. Integumentary System
    skin,hair,nails,skin glands
  16. Functions of the Integumentary System (5)
    • protection
    • prevents spread of infection
    • maintains body temperature
    • prevents water loss
    • sense organs
  17. Skeletal System
    bones, joints and periarticular
  18. Function of the skeletal system (5)
    • attachment for muscles so we can have movement
    • protection
    • structure
    • provides calcium and phosphorus that the body needs
    • bone marrow makes blood cells
  19. Muscular System
    muscles, tendons
  20. Functions of the Muscular System (2/6)
    Involuntary Contraction - smooth muscles, movind food, blood, oxygen

    Voluntary Contraction - follows orders from the brain, help keep us warm by tightening, give you structure
  21. Involuntary Contraction
    Smooth muscles that move food, blood, oxygen...
  22. Voluntary Contraction
    • follows orders from the brain
    • helps to keep us warm by tightening
    • gives structure
  23. Nervous System
    brain, spinal cord, nerves, sensory organs
  24. Function of the Nervous System
    • control body
    • send messages
    • activates effectors
  25. Endocrine System
    endocrine glands, hormones
  26. Function of the endocrine system
    messenger system between different body parts, how one system relates to another
  27. Cardiovascular System
    heart (cardio) and vascular (blood vessels and blood)
  28. Functions of the Cardiovascular System
    • purifies the system
    • carries the oxygen and nutrients to the body
  29. Respitory System (pulminary)
    • lungs
    • airways
  30. Functions of the Respitory System (2)
    • brings oxygen in
    • carbon dioxide out
  31. Lymphatic and Immune System
    lymph fluid
  32. Function of Lymphatic and Immune System
    protects against disease and pathogens
  33. Digestive System
    Path food takes from the mouth to the anus
  34. Function of the Digestive System (2)
    • breaks down food to give the blood nutrients
    • disposes of waste
  35. Urinary System
    kidneys and the urinary bladder
  36. Functions of the Urinary System (3)
    • rids the body of liquid waste
    • helps regulate the bodys fluid level
    • helps regulate the chemical content of the blood
  37. Functions of the Reproductive System
    • production of sperm and eggs
    • transfer of sperm
    • development of fetus
  38. Anterior
  39. Posterior
  40. Superior
  41. Inferior
  42. Cranial/Cephal
  43. Caudal
  44. Medial
    in the middle
  45. Lateral
    towards the outside
  46. Proximal
    closest to the trunk
  47. Distal
    distant from the trunk
  48. Superficial
    near the surface, external
  49. Deep
  50. Central
    close to the core
  51. Peripheral
    near the outside
  52. Axial Region
    head, neck, and trunk
  53. Appendicular Region
  54. Cervical
  55. Sternal
  56. Pectoral
  57. Axillary
  58. Abdominal
  59. Umbilical
  60. Inguinal
  61. Vertibral
  62. Lumbar
    lower back
  63. Sacral
    right above the crack
  64. Gluteral
  65. Perineal
    pubic area
  66. Brachial
    upper arm
  67. Antebrachial
  68. Cubital
    center of the front of the elbow
  69. Carpal
  70. Digital
    fingers or toes
  71. Femoral
    femur (thigh)
  72. Crural
  73. Patellar
    front of the knee
  74. Popliteal
    back of the knee
  75. Tarsal
    ankle bones
  76. Pedal
  77. Palmar
    palm of the hand
  78. Plantar
    bottom of the foot
  79. Cranial cavity
  80. Vertebral canal
  81. thoracic cavity
    • pleural-lungs
    • mediastinum-heart
  82. posterior cavity
    • cranial cavity-brain
    • vertrabral cavity-vertebra
  83. ventral cavity
    • thoracic cavity-pleural (lungs)-mediastinum (heart)
    • abdominopelvic-abdominal (liver,spleen,gall bladder,most of the intestines)-pelvic (reproductive organs,kidney,bladder)
  84. mediastinum cavity
  85. pleural cavitys
  86. abdominopelvic cavity
    abdominal (stomach)- pelvic (reproductive organs, urinary organs)
  87. abdominal cavity
    liver,spleen,gall bladder,most of the intestines
  88. pelvic cavity
    urinary organs, reproductive organs
  89. visceral membrane
    inner membrane closest to the organ
  90. parietal membrane
    outer portion of the membrane
  91. Nine regions of the abdomen
    • right hypochondria
    • epigastric
    • left hypochondria
    • right lumbar
    • umbilical
    • left hypochondria
    • right iliac
    • hypogastric
    • left iliac
  92. Sagittal Plane
    front to back
  93. Coronal Plane
    thru the side of the body (anterior and posterior)
  94. Tansversal Plane
    In half thru the waist
  95. homeostasis
    controls sameness
  96. local disease
    limited to a specific part
  97. systemic didease
    affects several organs system
  98. acute
    sudden onset, generally short lived
  99. chronic
    slower longer lasting