Card Set Information
Chapter 2 Vocab
Terminology that conveys information
Terminology that expresses or evokes feelings
Claim that something is good, bad, right, wrong, or better, or worse, more important, or less important, than some other thing.
One that allows for borderling cases in which it is impossible to tell if the expression applies or does not apply.
One that can be interpreted as having more than one clearly distinct meaning in a given context .
Any word or arrangement of words that may serve as the subject of a statement.
Intensional Meaning (Intension)
Consists of the qualities or attributes that the term connotes.
Extensional meaning (extension)
Consists of the members of the class that the term denotes.
Intensional meaning of a term.
Extensional meaning of a term.
Term that includes the attributes that the term commonly calls forth in the minds of competent speakers of the language.
The extension of a term that denotes something that does not exist; the null class.
When each term in the series (except the 1st) connotes more attributes than the one preceding it.
The order of decreasing specificity or increasing generality
When each term in the series (except the 1st) denotes a class having more members than the class denoted by the term preceding it.
Order of decreasing class size.
Group of words that assigns a meaning to some word or group of words.
Word or group of words that is supposed to be defined.
Word or group of words that does the defining.
Assigns a meaning to a word for the first time.
Used to report the meaning that a word already has in a language.
Used to reduce the vagueness of a word.
Assigns a meaning to a word by suggesting a theory that gives a certain characterization to the entities that the term denotes.
Engender a favorable or unfavorable attitude toward what is denoted by the definiendum
Extensional (denotative) definition
One that assigns a meaning to a term by indicating the members of the class that the definiendum denotes.
Demonstrative (ostensive) definitions
A definition that assigns a meaning to a word by pointing to members of the class that the word denotes.
Assigns a meaning to a term by naming the members of the class the term denotes.
Definition by subclass
Assigns a meaning to a term by naming subclasses of the class denoted by the term.
One that assigns a meaning to a word by indicating the qualities or attributes that the word connotes.
One in which the definiens is a single word that connotes the same attributes as the definiendum.
Assigns a meaning to a word by disclosing the word's ancestry in both its own language and other languages.
Assigns a meaning to a word by specifying certain experimental procedures that determine whether or not the word applies to a certain thing.
Definition by genus and difference
Assigns a meaning to a term by identifying a genus term and one or more difference words that, when combined, convey the meaning of the term being defined.