History Final

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History Final
2015-11-20 16:43:16
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  1. Which of the following is not true concerning Chinese society after the fall of the Han dynasty?
    • Decline of Confucian principles
    • Preference for philosophical
    • Daoism
    • Growth of Buddhism
    • China Reunified
  2. How did Buddhism come to China?
    Missionaries and merchants traveling the silk road
  3. Who reunited China in 581?
    The Sui, Tang, and Song
  4. The Grand Canal was constructed during the what dynasty
    Sui Yangdi
  5. During the Tang dynasty China exercised either direct or indirect influence over all the following areas except:
    • Expansion
    • Cultural Growth (poetry and sculpture)
    • Spread of Buddhism
  6. The capital of the Tang Empire, and possibly the greatest city in the world at that time, was:
  7. Approximately, what was the population of China during the Song dynasty?
  8. Which of the following statements about the Song dynasty is not true?
    • Opened new lands along Yangtze River Valley, improve irrigation techniques (chain pump), and introduced new strain of quick-growing rice allowing farmers to plant and harvest two crops per year
    • Examinations for high positions in bureaucracy were based entirely on Confucian classics
    • Districts ruled by magistrate
  9. What was the civil service exam based upon during the Song dynasty?
    Confucian Classics
  10. What was the lowest level official of the Chinese government during the Tang and Song period?
    Local Government: Magistrate
  11. In the 11th century, the reformist ________ attempted to limit the size of landholdings through land taxes.
  12. The Tang introduced the ________ system in return for an annual tax payment and three weeks of conscript labor from the peasants.
    Equal field
  13. Which of the following was introduced during the Tang period?
    Credit: “flying money”
  14. Which of the following statements about the economy and society during the Tang and Song dynasties is not true?
    • Cities no longer dominated by officials and families, but a broader mix of officials, merchants, artisans, touts, and entertainers
    • Base People: actors, butchers, prostitutes
    • Countryside: landed gentry, free farmers, sharecroppers, landless laborers
  15. During the Tang and Song dynasties, this group became the most influential:
  16. Who was Wu Zhao?
    Empress Wu: concubine that rose to position of supreme power at court First to select graduates to highest positions of government
  17. The old Chinese saying, "Marry a chicken, follow the chicken; marry a dog, follow the dog," represented:
    • Eldest male had legal rights over his wife, if she didn’t provide him a son, he was allowed to take a second wife, but the first wife has no recourse to divorce.
    • Wealthy Chinese can keep concubines in the home and they would compete with wife for precedence
  18. What does "Genghis Khan" mean?
    Elected ruler
  19. The Mongols ruled China as the ________ dynasty.
  20. Who founded the Ming dynasty?
    Zhu Yuanzhang
  21. ________ Buddhism called for mind training and a strict regimen as a means of seeking enlightenment.
  22. Who was the leading proponent of Neo-Confucianism?
    Zhu Xi later called Tai Ji is supreme ultimate
  23. What is the first printed book?
    Buddhist Text made in 868 CE that’s 16 feet long
  24. ________ describes heroic bandits who take money from the rich and give it to the poor.
    Tale of the Marshes
  25. Which of the following is not one of the main Japanese home islands?
    Hokkaido, Honsho, Kyushu, and Shikoku
  26. The Japanese emperors were believed to be descended from the sun goddess:
    Birth of Amaterasu
  27. The ________ were the earliest known Neolithic inhabitants of Japan and were named for the cord pattern of their pottery.
  28. Which of the following is true of the Yayoi?
    Mix of Jomon and new arrivals First lived in Kyushu and later Honshu Tribal society based on clans (uji) in central Honshu
  29. Yayoi clans were called:
  30. Which Chinese dynasty was first seen as a threat by the Japanese?
  31. Prince Shotoku sent emissaries from Japan to ________ in order to learn about centralized political institutions.
    Tang China
  32. The line, "When an imperial command is given, obey it with reverence," comes from the:
    Nihon Shoki (Chronicles of Japan)
  33. Who introduced the Seventeen-Article Constitution to Japan?
    Prince Shotoku
  34. The Japanese city of Nara was designed on the model of:
    Chinese State
  35. During the Heian period, who ruled Japan?
    Fujiwara clan
  36. Who were hired by local aristocrats to protect their land and interests?
  37. The samurai lived by a strict code of conduct known as the:
  38. Who created the first shogunate system in Japan?
    Minamoto Yoritomo clan created a central government (bakufu) under a powerful military leader known as shogun.
  39. The bakufu is:
    Central government “tent government”
  40. What helped the Japanese defeat the Mongols in 1281?
    Massive typhoon “a divine wind” (kamikaze)
  41. Great noble families in Japan were called:
  42. Who are the eta?
    Hereditary slaves
  43. The ________ are spirits that resided in nature, such as trees and mountains.
  44. All of the following statements are true in regards to Shinto except:
    • Ancestor worship
    • Kami
    • Physical purity and its relationship to women
    • Nature and beauty
    • State doctrine linked to divinity belief about emperor and the sacredness of Japan
  45. Which Buddhist sect was most popular with the aristocracy?
  46. The founder of the Yi dynasty was:
    Yi Song-gye
  47. Which of the Korean kingdoms became dominant?
  48. What culture residing on the Gulf of Tonkin was based on Indian culture?
  49. What is the main difference between Vietnamese and Chinese society?
    Vietnamese women possessed more rights both in practice and by law (law code)
  50. Le Hoan, the founder of the Vietnamese Le dynasty, was referring to the ________ when he described them as "wild mountain-dwellers, (who) have unpleasant and violent customs."
    Vietnamese people
  51. Which Frankish leader converted to Christianity around 500?
  52. In Germanic justice, what was wergeld?
    Fine paid by the wrongdoer
  53. The bishop of ________ claimed power as soul leader of the Western Christian Church.
  54. Monks did all of the following except:
    • Live divorced from the world Total dedication to God Monasticism (live in a community of monks)
    • Set of rules for basic monastic life
    • Required to do physical work of some kind for several hours a day
    • Idleness was enemy of the soul Prayer and chanting of psalms Ruled by Abbot or father
    • Fulfill a vowel of poverty Provided schools for the young, hospitality for travelers, hospitals for the sick
  55. The rules that regulated monastic life were formulated by:
    Saint Benedict
  56. In 800, ________ was crowned as "emperor of the Romans."
    Charles the Great
  57. ________ was a grant of land given in exchange for military service.
  58. All of the following were obligations of a vassal to his lord except:
    • Owes Lord 40 days a year of military service
    • Go to Lord’s court to give advice Might sit in judgment of other vassals
    • Lord is obligated to protect his vassal and maintain basal system
  59. Which of the following was not an agricultural innovation of the High Middle Ages?
    • New ways of farming Improvement in climate provided better growing conditions
    • Clearing of forests and draining swamps expanded arable land Techonological changes created labor saving devices
    • Iron tools: scythese, axes, hoes, saws, hammers, nails Carruca-plow with plow share Harnassed wind and water to run mills and windmills
    • Rotation of crops on 2-field to 3-field system
  60. By the end of the thirteenth century what was the largest and wealthiest of the European states?
  61. Which of the following Slavic peoples converted to the Greek Orthodox faith?
    Southern Slavs
  62. Who was first crowned as the grand prince of Moscow?
    Alexander Nevsky
  63. Burghers included:
    merchants and artisans
  64. Who sought to end lay investiture and thus came into conflict with Henry IV?
    Pope Gregory VII
  65. Who embodied the spiritual ideal of Cistercian monasticism in statements such as, "Arise, solider of Christ, arise!"?
    Benedictine monk
  66. Hugh Capet was:
    king chosen by Frankish nobles which established Capetian dynasty
  67. Thomas Aquinas tried to:
    Reconcile Aristotle and the doctrines of Christianity
  68. Who called for the First Crusade?
    Alexius I asked for help from Pope Urban II
  69. Yersinia pestis:
    Black Plague
  70. Who won the Hundred Years War?
    French (Joan of Arc)
  71. Who said, "Men can do all things if they will"?
  72. The artist who sculpted David was:
  73. What was important about Prince Ivan:
    Overthrowing the mongols (Moscow rose to prominence by using close relations with mongol khans to increase wealth and expand their possessions. Prince Ivan’s rule led to a new Russian state being born
  74. The father of Italian Renaissance humanism was:
  75. Who wrote, "Indeed, we declare, announce, and define that it is altogether necessary for every human creature to be subject to the Roman pontiff"?
  76. Which of the following was not one of the ministries in the Chinese Department of State Affairs?
    Justice, military, public works, revenues, and rites (rituals)