4급 문법 의미

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Author:
makriath
ID:
311852
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4급 문법 의미
Updated:
2015-11-28 07:49:54
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DecFinal
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4급 문법 의미
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  1. -(으)로 인해
    _____caused_____ (used formally only)
  2. -에 달려 있다
    ____ depends on ____ (에게 if the N is a person)
  3. -더니
    Earlier I saw this, and now [unexpected thing.] (can be similar or opposite occurrences)
  4. -는/은/ㄴ 법이다
    Whenever ____, then _____ (got to be a 100% or close to 100% relationship)
  5. 만으로는
    using only this, [negative thing]
  6. -는 수가 있다
    if this, then this can happen (a warning or comfort)
  7. -는 숙에 들다
    I'm part of this group? (negating a statement)
  8. -든 -든
    You must this or this...or this, this, any of them....
  9. 마치 -는 것 처럼
    as if/like _____ (comparing to something that is or feels similar)
  10. -는다고
    for quoting proverbs, same principle as '는다고 해서'
  11. -는가 하면
    the first part is true, but the second (and opposing) is also true, used for 50/50 or "equally true" situations
  12. -는 게 틀림없다
    no doubt that ___
  13. 따라
    unlike other days
  14. -을걸 그랬다
    I wish I had only ______. Too bad.
  15. -는다더라
    I heard that ______. (sentence ending, nothing comes after. only banmal)
  16. -네 -네 해도
    even though ___ and ___, still [opposite opinion].
  17. -는 김에
    suggestion based on something someone already is/will be doing.
  18. 설마 -는 건 아니겠지요?
    sure you're not worried about [thing with low probability)
  19. 도 이지만
    not only this good/bad thing, but also [same degree of good-/badness thing]
  20. -는다면야
    if [unlikely/theoretical condition] is met, then _____
  21. -을 따름이다
    I can only ____. (formal, similar to 뿐, but lighter tone)
  22. -으니만큼
    ...enough that...
  23. -자면
    same as 려면, but with different ending restrictions
  24. 대로
    "in their own way"
  25. -는 바람에
    like 대문에 or 로 인해, but has to be past tense, a very direct cause, past, and sudden/unexpected
  26. -었으면야
    if ____ had happened, then ____.
  27. -으나마나
    doesn't matter if you (try) ____, still gonna [100% sure guess].
  28. -게 마련이다
    you're basically prepping for _____
  29. -으라고
    Subject 1 does something in order that subject 2 does something.
  30. -는다든가
    gives a couple examples of many, but doesn't force a choice. "might be this, or this, or other stuff"
  31. 왜 -지 않겠어요?
    It's not ___? Of course it's ___!
  32. 으로 봐서는
    judging by ____, I'd guess that ____

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