GU HA Male/Female
Card Set Information
GU HA Male/Female
health assessment seidel
Ch 16, 18-20
_________ often develop in the breast as sebaceous glands hyptertrophy.
What do retractions and dimpling of the breast signify?
contraction of fibrotic tissue that may occur w/ carcinoma
What does peau d'orange in a breast indicate?
edema caused by blocked lymph drainage in breast cancer
Unilateral venous patterns can be produced by dilated superficial veins as a result of what?
increased BF to a malignancy
A peppering of contender, nonsuppurative Montgomery tubercles is a ________ finding.
Recent ______ inversion of a perviously everted nipple suggests malignancy.
In some cases, supernumerary nipples may be assoc w/ cogenital ______ or ________ anomalies, particularly in whites.
The name of supraclavicular nodes.
Sentinal nodes (Virchow nodes)
When should nipple compression be done?
When pt reports spontaneous discharge
A lobular feel of grandular tissue in the breast is a _________ finding.
Fine, granular feel of breast tissue in older women in a _________ finding.
A firm transverse ridge of compressed tissue may be felt along teh lower edge of the breast. Expected or not? Mistaken for what?
breast mass (but is actually r/t cycle)
What is commonly expressed in newborns' breasts with a gentle squeeze? When does it disappear?
usually w/in 2 weeks (can last up to 3 mos)
If a male in puberty has unilateral or bilateral subareolar masses, is this normal? When will it disappear?
within a year
In pregnant women, the breasts feel _______ b/c of hypertrophy of mammary alveoli.
When, where, and why may telangiectasis develop?
durind second trimester
upper chest, arms, neck, face
In postemenopausal women, a _________ feel on palpation replaces the lobular feel of grandular tissue.
_______ ducts drain a group of urethral glands and open into the vestibule on ea side of the female urethra.
________ glands secrete mucus into the introitus for lubrication in females.
The anterior wall of the vagina is separated from the bladder and urethra by CT called _________.
Why are the fornices of clinical importance (pocket around cervix is divided into fornices)?
b/c the internal pelvic organs can be palpated through their thin walls
The uterus of a parous woman may be larger by _________ cm in any of the dimensions.
The four pelvic joints in women usually have _____ movement.
The labia minora are realatively _______, thin, and pale.
What is responsible for uterine enlargement in pregnant women?
estrogen & progesterone first trimester
mechanical pressure of growing fetus after that
Softening of the cervix.
What causes the acidic pH in vaginal secretions in pregnant women?
increase in lactic acid
Women w/ a BMI of ________ have a higher risk of developing ovarian cancer.
30 or higher
When do most ovarian cancers develop?
Labial swelling, redness, or tenderness, particularly if ________, may be indicative of a Bartholin gland infection.
Discharge from the Skene glands or urethra usually indicates what kind of infection?
Swelling that is painful, hot to touch, and fluctuant indicates what type of infection of the Bartholin gland?
gonococcal or staphylococcal & filled w/ pus
A _______ mass is indicative of a Bartholin cyst and is the result of chronic inflammation of the gland.
A bluish cervix indicates?
increased vascularity - maybe pregnancy
Any reddened areas of the cervix should be considered what?
an unexpected finding
(esp if patchy or irregular borders)
A pale cervix is assoc with?
A cervix pointed anteriorly indicates a ____ uterus.
A cervix pointed posteriorly indicates a ____ uterus.
Deviation of the cervix to the right or left may indicate what?
Projection of the cervix into the vagina greater than _______ may indicate a pelvic or uterine mass.
Ectropian is common in __________?
those taking estrogen-containing BC pills
________ cysts are small, raised, white or yellow round areas on teh cervix. Expected or abnormal?
More severe degrees of cystocele are accompained by urinary ________.
The consitency of the cervix in a nonpregnant woman is ______; during pregnancy it is _______.
firm (like tip of nose)
softer (like lips)
Painful cervical movement suggests _________ or __________.
a ruptured tubal pregnancy
Normal shape of uterus.
A ___ uterus indicates adhesions.
Where should you place your fingers on the abdomen to palpate the adnexal areas & ovaries?
A _______ ovary is slightly to moderately tender on palpation.
What does a lax anal sphincter suggest?
In a newborn girl, the ______ is often protruding, thick, and vascular and may simulate an extruding mass.
Vaginal discharge in infants & kids is usually ________ and may occur as teh result of irritation from diaper or powder.
Are Skene glands usually palpable?
How can you assess whether or not the hymen is imperforate?
Ask girl to cough - imperforate will bulge; open one will not
A foul vaginal odor in a child is likely indicative of?
a foreign body
A straddle injury from a bicyle seat is generally evident over the _______.
What is the Naegele rule?
Add 1 year to first day of LMP
subtract 3 mos, add 7 days
Increased vaginal secretions are the result of what in pregnancy?
When does the cervix soften in pregnancy?
(also turns bluish from increased vascularity)
The thinning of the cervix.
Shortening of the cervix (less than 29mm) ON ULTRASOUND midpregnancy indicates what?
risk for preterm delivery
(digital exams may miss it)
Effacement usually ___________ the cervical dilation in primapara and _______ cervical dilation in multipara.
Standard range for fetal movement?
10x in one hour to 10x in 12 hours
Regarding fetal movements, when should a woman notify her HCP?
less than 10 movements in 12 hours
The occurrence of _________ fetal movements in ____ hours for ____ consecutive days while mom is at rest in LEFT lateral position needs further evaluation.
Three or less
When should women start monitoring FM if there are risk factors?
The head of the fetus is detectable by _______.
Palpation of the cephalic prominence of a fetus on the same side as the small parts suggests that the head is flexed and the ________ is presenting.
Palpation of the cephalic prominence on the SAME side as the back suggests that the presenting part is _______.
When recording information obtained from abdominal palpation of a fetus, include what?
lie (longitudinal, transverse, or oblique)
attitude of fetal head if it is the presenting part
The relationship of the long axis of the fetus to the long axis of the mother.
Braxton Hicks can occur when?
as early as 3 mos gestation
The regular occurence of more than _______ uterine contractions per hour before ____ weeks of gestation requires evaluation.
_______ varicosities occur commonly during pregnancy.
In older adult females, the urinary meatus may appear as an _________ or ____.
In older adult females, the vagina is _____ and _____, and rugae are absent.
In older adult females, the cervix may seem ______ mobile if it protrudes less far into the vaginal canal.
In older adult females, the uterus size ______ and may not be ______.
In older adult females, are ovaries palpable?
NO! If so, suspect a tumor
Any fetal insult during _____ gestation may lead to major anomalies of the external genetalia.
8 or 9 weeks
Separation of the prepuse from the glans us usually incomplete at birth and often remains so until what age in uncircumcised males?
Persistent erections unrelated to sexual stimulation can be r/t a current history of?
sickle cell anemia
spinal cord injury
Name for when the foreskin is tight and cannot be retracted.
Phimosis may occur when?
during first 6 yrs of life OR
as result of recurrent inflammation of glans or glans and prepuce
Inflammation of the glans penis.
Recurrent balanitis (inflammation of glans) OR balanoposthitis (inflammation of glans penis AND prepuce) occurs when?
in uncircumcised boys;
may be caused by bacterial or fungal infections
Phimosis is most commonly seen in men with?
poorly controlled DM
Inflammation of the glans penis AND the prepuce.
The opening of the urethral meatus in men should be ______ and _______.
Bright erythema or a discharge of the urethral meatus in a male indicates ________.
Pinpoint or found opening of the urethral meatus in a male indicates ________.
Prolonged penile erection.
Priapism can occur in pts with ___________ or as a result of impotence meds.
sickle cell disease
Why does the scrotum usually appear asymmetric?
the left testicle has a longer spermatic cord and is lower
Lumps in the scrotal skin are commonly caused by _______, also called _______.
Unusual thickening of the scrotum caused by edema (pitting) is more likely a consequence of __________.
general fluid retention r/t cardiac, renal, or hepatic disease
In males, if the viscus is felt medial to the external canal, it probably represents a _________.
direct inguinal hernia
In what diseases may a testis be totally insensitive to painful stimuli?
A beaded or lumpy feeling upon palpation of the testicles may indicate?
old inflammatory changes like with TB
A hooked, downward bowing of the infant's penis suggests?
_______ of the external genitalia is common especially after a breech delivery.
edema (males specifically, p.474)
A retractile testis has a significant risk of becoming ________ testis and requires regular long-term follow up.
an ascending or
If the feeling of smoothness diappears as you palpate the spermatic cord, this indicates?
What is an indication that the testes have descended during infancy?
Well-formed rugae (even if testes are not apparent in scrotum)
Acute painful swelling without discoloratino and a thickened or nodular epididymis suggests?
A consistently empty rectum in the presence of constipation is a clue to?
Hemorrhoids in kids suggests?
No passage of stool in 24 hrs in a newborn leads to suspected what?
rectal atresia, or
A _______ prostate consistency is indicative of a benign hypertrophy; _________ may indicate carcinoma, calculi, or chronic fibrosis.
rubbery or boggy
stony hard nodules
Rectal pain is almost always indicative of?
a local disease