Solubility Rules

Card Set Information

Author:
dsagent
ID:
311920
Filename:
Solubility Rules
Updated:
2015-11-23 11:12:53
Tags:
chemistry
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Description:
Rules for Ionic Components in Water
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  1. Li+

    • Lithium
    • Generally Soluable
  2. Na+
    • Sodium
    • Generally Soluable
  3. K+
    • Potassium
    • Generally Soluable
  4. NH4+
    • Ammonium
    • Generally Soluable
  5. NO3-
    • Nitrate
    • Generally Soluble
  6. C2H3O2-
    • Acetate
    • Generally Soluable
  7. Cl-
    • Chlorine 
    • Generally Soluble

    Except when paired with the ions Ag+, Hg22+, or Pb+, then it becomes insoluble
  8. Br-
    • Bromine
    • Generally Soluble

    Except when paired with the ions Ag+, Hg22+, or Pb+, then it becomes insoluble
  9. I-
    Iodine

    Generally Soluble

    Except when paired with the ions Ag+, Hg22+, or Pb+, then it becomes insoluble
  10. SO42-
    • Sulfate
    • Generally Soluble except 

    When SO42- pairs with Sr2+, Ba2+, Pb2+, Ag+, or Ca2+, the resulting compound is insoluble.
  11. OH-
    • Generally Insoluble
    • Except
    • When paired with Li+, Na+, K+, or NH4+ the resulting compounds are soluble. 
    • When OH- pairs with Ca2+, Sr2+, or Ba2+the resulting compound is slightly soluble.
  12. S2-
    • Sulfur
    • Generally Insoluble
    • Except
    • When paired with Li+, Na+, K+, or NH4+ the resulting compounds are soluble
    • When S2- pairs with Ca2+, Sr2+, or Ba2+, the resulting compound is soluble.
  13. CO32-
    Carbonate

    Generally insoluble

    • Except when paired with Group 1 ions and
    • NH4+
  14. PO43-
    Phosphate

    • Generally insoluble
    • Except when paired with Group 1 ions and NH4+

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