A primary disorder where the first change is a lowering of PaCO2, resulting in an elevated pH.
Compensation (bringing the pH back down toward normal) is a secondary lowering of bicarbonate (HCO3) by the kidneys;
RESPIRATORY ALKALOSIS ↓PaCO2 & ↑ pH physiological symptoms and treatment
Hypoxemia (includes altitude)
Any acute pulmonary insult (e.g., pneumonia, mild asthma attack, early pulmonary edema, pulmonary embolism)
Treatment: Lower respiratory rate with sedatives Breathe into a paper bag