Abdominal Region

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Anonymous
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312207
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Abdominal Region
Updated:
2015-11-28 21:41:56
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abdomen region abdominal
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Abdominal region
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  1. Cutaneous Innervation:
    Area below Xiphoid Process
    T6
  2. Cutaneous Innervation:
    Above umbilicus
    T7-9
  3. Cutaneous Innervation:
    Umbilicus
    T10
  4. Cutaneous Innervation:
    Below umbilicus
    T11, Subcostal (T12), Iliohypogastric & Ilioinguinal (L1)
  5. Superficial lymphatic vessels above umbilicus drain into which nodes?
    • Axillary nodes
    • (some parasternal nodes)
  6. Superficial lymphatic vessels below umbilicus drain into which nodes?
    Inguinal nodes (superficial)
  7. Deep lymphatic vessels follow deep veins and drain into which nodes?
    Lateral aortic nodes
  8. What is the site for indirect inguinal hernias?
    Umbilical Triangle (medial inguinal fossae)
  9. What is the site for direct inguinal hernias?
    • Lateral inguinal fossae
    • (Deep inguinal rings - most common site for abdominal hernia)
  10. What is another name for the Umbilical Triangle?
    Hesselbach Triangle
  11. Intraperitoneal Organs? (4)
    • Stomach
    • Spleen
    • Small Intestine (Jejunum & Ileum)
    • Sigmoid & Transverse Colon
  12. What makes intraperitoneal organs unique?
    They have MESENTERY!
  13. Retroperitoneal Organs? (4)
    *NO MESENTERY*
    • Duodenum (small intestine)
    • Pancreas
    • Ascending & Descending Colon
    • GU system (kidneys, ureters, bladder, uterus, etc.)
  14. How many peritoneal layers does the Greater Omentum have?
    4
  15. How many peritoneal layers does the Lesser Omentum have?
    2
  16. What level does the esophagus enter the Cardial orifice of the stomach?
    T11
  17. The esophagus passes through the esophageal hiatus in the right crus of the diaphragm at what level?
    T10
  18. T/F: The esophagus is a retroperitoneal structure?
    TRUE
  19. Blood supply for abdominal esophagus?
    Br. of Celiac Trunk
  20. What clinical correlation happens when the stomach protrudes through the esophageal hiatus?
    Hiatal Hernia
  21. What is the chief function of the stomach?
    Enzymatic Digestion
  22. 4 parts of the stomach?
    • Cardia
    • Fundus
    • Body
    • Pylorus
  23. Folded mucosa of interior stomach?
    Rugae
  24. T/F: The stomach is a retroperitoneal structure?
    FALSE
  25. Arterial supply of stomach?
    • Branches of Celiac Trunk
    • -(L) Gastric A.
    • -Hepatic A. --> (R) Gastric A.
  26. Veins drain into where from the stomach?
    Portal V.
  27. Parasympathetic Innervation of stomach?
    ANT. & POST. Vagal Trunks
  28. Sympathetic Innervation of stomach?
    T6-T9 via Greater Splanchnic N.
  29. 1st part of Small Intestine?
    Duodenum
  30. 2nd part of Small Intestine?
    Jejunum
  31. 3rd part of Small Intestine?
    Ileum
  32. T/F: The Duodenum is a retroperitoneal structure?
    TRUE
  33. Arterial supply of Sm. Intestine?
    Celiac Trunk
  34. Innervation of Sm. Intestine?
    Vagal & Sympathetic Nn.
  35. T/F: The jejunum & ileum are intraperitoneal structures?
    TRUE
  36. How long is the Small Intestine?
    Approx. 6-7 meters (18-21 feet)
  37. Quadrant: Jejunum?
    LUQ
  38. Quadrant: Ileum?
    RLQ
  39. Quadrant: Duodenum?
    RUQ
  40. LESS/MORE fat in jejunum?
    LESS
  41. LESS/MORE fat in ileum?
    MORE
  42. FEW/MANY arcades with LONG/SHORT vasa in jejunum?
    FEW arcades with LONG vasa
  43. FEW/MANY arcades with LONG/SHORT vasa in ileum?
    MANY arcades with SHORT vasa
  44. Arterial supply to jejunum & ileum?
    Superior Mesenteric A.
  45. Parasympathetic Innervation for jejunum & ileum?
    • Posterior Vagal trunk
    • (increases motility, vasodilator)
  46. Sympathetic Innervation for jejunum & ileum?
    • T5-T9 via Splanchnic Nn.
    • (reduces motility, vasoconstrictor)
  47. Distinctive Characteristics of Large Intestine? (4)
    • Tenia Coli (3 thickened bands of muscles)
    • Haustra ("puckers" between the teniae)
    • Appendices Epiploicae/ Omental Appendices (fat "tear drops")
    • Larger diameter!
  48. First part of large intestine?
    Cecum
  49. What protrudes off of the cecum?
    Appendix
  50. Arterial supply of Cecum/Appendix?
    Br. of Superior Mesenteric A.
  51. T/F: The ascending colon is retroperitoneal?
    TRUE
  52. Arterial supply of ascending colon?
    Superior Mesenteric A.
  53. T/F: Transverse colon is a retroperitoneal structure?
    FALSE: Intraperitoneal
  54. Arterial supply of transverse colon?
    Superior Mesenteric A.
  55. T/F: The descending colon is a retroperitoneal structure?
    TRUE
  56. Arterial supply to descending colon?
    Inferior Mesenteric A.
  57. T/F: The Sigmoid colon is an intraperitoneal structure?
    TRUE
  58. Arterial supply of Sigmoid Colon?
    Inferior Mesenteric A.
  59. Arterial supply of Rectum & Anal Canal?
    • Inferior Mesenteric A.
    • Rectal Br. off Internal Iliac A.
  60. Sympathetic innervation of descending colon, sigmoid colon, rectum, and anal canal?
    Lumbar Nn.
  61. Parasympathetic innervation to descending colon, sigmoid colon, rectum, and anal canal?
    Pelvic Splanchnic Nn.
  62. Associated organs of GI tract? (3)
    • Pancreas
    • Liver
    • Gall Bladder
  63. What is the largest gland in the body?
    Liver
  64. What are the 3 functions of the liver?
    • Stores glycogen
    • Secretes bile
    • Metabolic functions
    • **filters everything!!!
  65. Bile produced in the liver is stored where?
    Gall Bladder
  66. Which ligament separates the liver into (R) and (L) parts & attaches to the diaphragm?
    Falciform ligament
  67. Largest lymphatic organ in abdominal cavity NOT associated with the GI tract?
    Spleen
  68. T/F: The spleen is a retroperitoneal organ?
    FALSE: intraperitoneal
  69. Arterial supply to spleen?
    Splenic A. (largest Br. of Celiac Trunk)
  70. Which veins form the portal vein?
    Splenic V. & Superior Mesenteric V.

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