Abdominal Region

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  1. Cutaneous Innervation:
    Area below Xiphoid Process
  2. Cutaneous Innervation:
    Above umbilicus
  3. Cutaneous Innervation:
  4. Cutaneous Innervation:
    Below umbilicus
    T11, Subcostal (T12), Iliohypogastric & Ilioinguinal (L1)
  5. Superficial lymphatic vessels ABOVE umbilicus drain into which nodes?
    • Axillary Nodes
    • (some parasternal nodes)
  6. Superficial lymphatic vessels BELOW umbilicus drain into which nodes?
    Inguinal Nodes (superficial)
  7. Deep lymphatic vessels drain into which nodes?
    Lateral Aortic Nodes
  8. Site of Direct Inguinal Hernias?
    Umbilical Triangle (Medial Inguinal Fossae)
  9. Another name for the Umbilical Triangle?
    Hesselbach Triangle
  10. Site of Indirect Inguinal Hernias?
    • Lateral Inguinal Fossae
    • (includes deep inguinal rings - *site of most common type abdominal hernia)
  11. Intraperitoneal Organs? (4)
    • Stomach
    • Spleen
    • Small Intestine (Jejunum & Ileum)
    • Large Intestine (Sigmoid & Transverse Colon)
  12. What makes Intraperitoneal organs unique?
    They have MESENTERY!
  13. Retroperitoneal Organs? (4)
    • Small Intestine (Duodenum)
    • Pancreas
    • Large Intestine (Ascending & Descending Colon)
    • GU System (kidneys, ureters, bladder, uterus, etc.)
  14. How many peritoneal layers does the Greater Omentum have?
  15. How many peritoneal layers does the Lesser Omentum have?
  16. Level where esophagus enters the Cardial orifice of stomach just inferior to diaphragm?
  17. Level where esophagus passes through the esophageal hiatus in the right crus of diaphragm?
  18. T/F: Esophagus is a retroperitoneal structure?
  19. Arterial supply to abdominal esophagus?
    Br. of Celiac Trunk
  20. Clinical correlation where a portion of the stomach protrudes through the esophageal hiatus?
    Hiatal Hernia
  21. Chief function of the stomach?
    Enzymatic DIGESTION
  22. Parts of stomach? (4)
    • Cardia
    • Fundus
    • Body
    • Pylorus
  23. What are the interior folds of the mucosa of the stomach?
  24. T/F: The stomach is retroperitoneal?
    FALSE: Intraperitoneal
  25. Arterial supply to stomach?
    • Branches of Celiac Trunk
    • ¬†- (L) Gastric A.
    • ¬†- Hepatic A. --> (R) Gastric A.
  26. Veins of stomach drain into which vein?
    Portal V.
  27. Parasympathetic Innervation to stomach?
    ANT & POST Vagal Trunks
  28. Sympathetic Innervation to stomach?
    T6-T9 via Greater Splanchnic N.
  29. 1st part of Sm. Intestine?
  30. 2nd part of Sm. Intestine?
  31. 3rd part of Sm. Intestine?
  32. T/F: The duodenum is a retroperitoneal structure?
  33. Arterial supply to duodenum?
    Celiac Trunk
  34. Innervation to Duodenum?
    Vagal & Sympathetic Nn.
  35. T/F: The jejunum & ileum are intraperitoneal structures?
  36. Length of Sm. Intestine?
    Approx. 6-7 meters (18-21 feet)
  37. Quadrant: Jejunum?
  38. Quadrant: Ileum?
  39. LESS/MORE fat in jejunum?
  40. LESS/MORE fat in ileum?
  41. FEW/MANY arcades with LONG/SHORT vasa in jejunum?
    FEW arcades with long vasa
  42. FEW/MANY arcades with LONG/SHORT vasa in ileum?
    MANY arcades with SHORT vasa
  43. Arterial supply to jejunum & ileum?
    Superior Mesenteric A.
  44. Sympathetic Innervation to jejunum & ileum?
    • T5-T9 via Splanchnic Nn.
    • (reduces motility, vasoconstrictor)
  45. Parasympathetic Innervation to jejunum & ileum?
    • POST Vagal Trunk
    • (increases motility, vasodilator)
  46. Distinctive characteristics of Lg. Intestine? (4)
    • Tenia Coli (3 thickened bands of muscle)
    • Haustra ("Puckers" between teniae)
    • Appendices Epiploicae/ Omental Appendices (fat "tear drops")
    • Larger diameter!
  47. 1st part of Lg. Intestine?
  48. Portion that comes off of cecum?
  49. Arterial supply to cecum & appendix?
    Br. of Superior Mesenteric A.
  50. T/F: Ascending colon is retroperitoneal?
  51. Arterial supply to ascending colon?
    Superior Mesenteric A.
  52. T/F: Transverse colon is intraperitoneal?
  53. Arterial supply to transverse colon?
    Superior Mesenteric A.
  54. T/F: Descending colon is intraperitoneal?
    FALSE: retroperitoneal
  55. Arterial supply to descending colon?
    Inferior Mesenteric A.
  56. T/F: Sigmoid colon is intraperitoneal?
  57. Arterial supply to sigmoid colon?
    Inferior Mesenteric A.
  58. Arterial supply to rectum & anal canal?
    • Inferior Mesenteric A.
    • Rectal br. off the Internal Iliac A.
  59. Sympathetic innervation to descending colon, sigmoid colon, rectum, & anal canal?
    Lumbar Nn.
  60. Parasympathetic innervation to descending colon, sigmoid colon, rectum, & anal canal?
    Pelvic Splanchnic Nn.
  61. Nerve roots of Pelvic Splanchnic N?
  62. Associated organs with GI tract? (3)
    • Pancreas
    • Liver
    • Gall Bladder
  63. What is the largest gland in the body?
  64. Functions of the liver? (3)
    • Stores glycogen
    • Secretes bile
    • Metabolic functions
    • (**filters everything!)
  65. Bile produced in the liver is stored where?
    Gall Bladder
  66. Which ligament separates the liver into (R) & (L) parts and attaches to the diaphragm?
    Falciform ligament
  67. What organ in the abdominal cavity is NOT associates with the GI tract?
  68. T/F: The spleen is intraperitoneal?
  69. Arterial supply to spleen?
    Splenic A.
  70. Which two veins join to form the Portal V?
    • Splenic V.
    • Superior Mesenteric V.
Card Set:
Abdominal Region
2015-11-29 03:41:45
abdomen abdominal region

Abdominal region
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