built medical and administrative systems compared to europe. they developed religion involving human sacrifice. Their city of tenochititlan was very large and had temples comparable to the great pyramids
created a large empire of 6 mil people in peru. developed political systems and paved roads. produced elaborate religious and ceremonial structures in cities such as cuzco and machu picchu
built a culture and developed a language similar to the arabic. accurate calander and agricultural system were accurate. succeded from the aztecs. city of mayapan had great structures similar to the incas
city near st. louis filled with mounds, had a population of 40k
5 nations including the seneca, cayuga, onondaga, oneida, and mohawk. women tended the field while men hunted women played powerful economic roles
11th century norse seamen may have glimpsed the new world
Prince henery the navigator
main goal to explore the coast of africa. wanted to set up a christian empire but discovered the tip of africa.
explorer that rounded the tip of africa
vasco de gama
made it all the way around africa and to India
fleet was on course to india and got blown of course to brazil, so he has seen the new world.
used to work for portugal went to the spaniards. landed in the bahamas assumed it was japan (he was sailing to asia) also landed in cuba and thought it was china. He was thought to have discovered the new world.
Ferinand and Isabella
leaders of spain at the time that granted columbus the money to sail to the new world.
led the expedition to mexico, fought the aztecs and defeated them by exposing them to small pox. the most brutal conquistador.
aztec capital of mexico
cortez, pizzaro, and soto all conqured a part of the new world to establish a spanish empire.
Hernando de Soto
first man known to cross the mississippi river. (one of pizzaros men)
labored the natives and used them to work. also a large land grant.
first permanent european settlement in the new world
indian religious leader lead a rebellion against the spanish because they tried to mask their religious beliefs.
person of mixed race (white and native)
traced their heredity through the mothers line and inherited properties from their mother
sent by king henery VII to find a passage between the new world to asia
extracting as much wealth from foreign lands and as little from home. increased competiton and economic policies
defied the catholic church and gained respect from many in europe. created lutheran, was excommunicated in 1520
influencial reformer went farther than luther in his belief that human institution could effect an individual prospect for salvation.
produced from calvinism, from france similar to the puritans.
got their mane stating that reformers would purify the church many were radicals going against the church
took the throne after her half sister mary died. she continued to support the catholic church but started to interpret calvinism
coureurs de bois
fur traders and trappers that became the underpinning of the french economy
frances first permanent settlement in new world
english explorer working for the dutch explored the hudson river in new york, he thought he found a way through the new world.
first permanant english settlement in america
sir walter raleigh
half brother to humphry gilbert, led an expedition to explore the north american coast. discovered roanoke.
english island tried to colonize but failed many times because of the natives