Scope Management

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  1. Scope Management
    Knowledge area with 5 processes that are concerned with gathering requirements, documenting the scope, breaking it down, verifying that it was performed completely, and controlling changes.

    • Processes:
    • 1. Collect Requirements (planning)
    • 2. Define Scope (planning)
    • 3. Create WBS (planning)
    • 4. Verify Scope (M&C)
    • 5. Control Scope (M&C)
  2. Collect Requirements
    Planning process within Scope Management where product requirements are gathered and documented. Usually performed early in the project or phase and may be revisited.

    • Key Inputs
    • Stakeholder Register

    • Key Tools
    • Facilitated Workshops

    • Key Outputs
    • Requirements Documentation
    • Requirements Traceability Matrix
  3. Define Scope
    Planning process within scope management that produces the project scope statement.

    • Key Inputs
    • (none)

    • Key Tools
    • Alternatives Identification
    • Facilitated Workshop

    • Key Outputs
    • Project Scope Statement
  4. Create WBS
    • Planning process within Scope Management where the work
    • breakdown structure is created and the scope is baselined.

    • Key Inputs
    • (none)

    • Key Tools
    • Decomposition

    • Key Outputs
    • WBS
    • WBS Dictionary
    • Scope Baseline
  5. Verify Scope
    Monitoring & Controlling process within Scope Management where there deliverables are compared against the documented scope.

    • Key Inputs
    • (none)

    • Key Tools
    • Inspection

    • Key Outputs
    • Accepted Deliverables
  6. Control Scope
    Monitoring and controlling process within scope management where change requests are managed and changes to the scope baseline are detected.

    • Key Inputs
    • Work Performance Information

    • Key Tools
    • Variance Analysis

    • Key Outputs
    • (none)
  7. Group Creativity Techniques
    A tool used in the process of Collect Requirements. It includes:

    • - Brainstorming
    • - Nominal Group Technique
    • - Delphi Technique
    • - Idea and Mind Mapping
  8. Scope Baseline
    One of 3 baselines in the Project Plan (along with the schedule baseline and the cost performance baseline). The scope baseline is made up of the following:

    • - Scope Statement
    • - WBS
    • - WBS Dictionary
  9. Gold Plating
    Delivering features or functionality that are not documented in the project's scope. Gold Plating is considered to be bad because extra functionality increases risk since it was outside the plan.
  10. WBS
    (Work Breakdown Structure)

    A chart that represents all of the work to be performed on the project.

    • - Deliverables-based
    • - Graphical
    • - Hierarchical
    • - Comprised of boxes called nodes
    • - Lowest level of nodes are called "work packages"
    • - Represents all of the work to be done on the project
  11. Project Scope Statement
    The detailed description of the project's products or services. The Scope Statement is used to foster a common understanding among stakeholders. It includes a description of:

    • - Deliverables
    • - Boundaries
    • - Acceptance Criteria
    • - Constraints
    • - Assumptions
  12. Triple Constraint
    The relationship between scope time, and cost. The triple constraint indicates that if scope, time, or cost changes, at least one of the other two will be affected.

    Also known as the iron triangle:

  13. Work Package
    The lowest level of nodes on the WBS. Work packages have the following characteristics:

    • - Represent all of the work to be performed on the project
    • - Consists of roughly 1 day to 2 weeks in duration
    • - Small enough to be estimateable for the cost & time
    • - May be assigned to a single person or entity
Card Set:
Scope Management
2015-12-01 04:35:21
Knowledge area
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