Zoonotic3- Immunocompromised etc

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Zoonotic3- Immunocompromised etc
2015-12-02 23:22:19
vetmed zoonotic3

vetmed zoonotic3
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  1. What pets are NOT recommended in households )or contact with an immunocompromised individual? (5)
    dogs/cats <6 months old, reptiles and amphibians, rodents, exotics (chinchilla, hedgehog), young livestock
  2. Why should immunocompromised individuals avoid dogs/cats <6 months of age?
    higher prevalence of Campy, worms, Bartonella
  3. Why are reptiles and amphibians not recommended for IC individuals?
    high prevalence of Salmonella colonizations, feeder rodents often colonized with Salmonella
  4. Why are rodents not recommended for IC individuals?
    Increased prevalence of Salmonella and lymphocytic choriomeningitis (LCMV)
  5. Why are chinchillas and hedgehogs not recommended for IC individuals?
    High prevalence of Salmonella, unpredictable behavior (bites)
  6. Why are young livestock pets not recommended for IC individuals?
    High prevalence of Salmonella, Crypto, Campy, C. diff, and E. coliO157
  7. What dog diet makes dogs 6x more likely to shed Salmonella?
    raw eggs or meat
  8. Do IC individuals have more knowledge about potential zoonotic diseases from their pets than the general public? Where do they believe this information should be coming from?
    No- 25% have received info from veterinarians, 48% should receive info from their veterinarians
  9. Is being IC a contraindications to having a pet?
    No- being IC means you should pay additional attention to personal hygiene, types/ages of animals, and pet health/husbandry practices
  10. Describe the communication b/w physicians and veterinarians.
    • 100% of physicians never/rarely contact vets
    • 97% of vets never/rarely contact physicians
  11. What % of veterinarians are aware of their clients' immune status?
    • 58% told about status (of those who asked??)
    • 66% never discussed clients' health
  12. Passive ways to remove barriers to discussing client health.
    brochures, signs (ask us about human-animal disease education)
  13. Active strategies to removing barriers to discussing client health status.
    intake questionnaire (question: are there any IC individuals in contact with your pet?)
  14. What are some non-home settings for human-animal contact? (5)
    schools, petting zoos/farm tours, pet stores, human healthcare (therapy dogs), neighborhood
  15. What are the benefits of non-home human-animal contact? (6)
    entertaining, educational, interactive, social, health improvements, promotes awareness and compassion for animals