Pharm final

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gailhart
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31263
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Pharm final
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2010-08-25 21:24:41
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Pharm final
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  1. Plant substances that protect the body by neutralizing free radicals, or unstable oxygen molecules, whic can damege cells and lead to poor health
    antioxidants
  2. unstable oxygen molecules
    free radicals
  3. Vitamins A, D, E and K
    fat soluble
  4. thiamine (b1), Riboflavin (b2), niacin (nicotinic acid), Pyridoxin (b6), folic acid, cyanocobalamin (b12), biotin and Vitamin c (asorbic acid)
    water soluble vitamins
  5. anti depressants that inhibit the oxidase enzyme that breaks down momamine transmitter (such as norepinephrine) in the body.
    Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (NOI)
  6. Chemical substances that releive the symptoms of depression
    antidepressant
  7. Signs of substance abuse (10)
    • -needle tracks in the arms or other parts of the patient's body
    • -jaundice
    • -nasal ulceration
    • -dilated or constricted pupils
    • -slurred speech
    • -confusion
    • -impaired reflex action
    • -neglected appearance
    • -poor hygiene
    • -early withdrawl symptoms
  8. was originally developed for use as a surgical anesthetic. (vet meds)
    PCP
  9. breathable chemical vapors that produce psychoactive (mind altering) effects
    inhalants
  10. Drugs that have a high potential for abuse and are not accepted for medical use with in the United States. (hash, heroin, LSD, marijuana)
    schedule I
  11. drugs that have a high potential for abuse, but do have an accepted medical use with in the United States. (cocaine, demerol, morphine, opium,percocet)
    schedule II
  12. drugs that have a low to moderate potential for physical dependency, yet they have a hgh potential for psychological dependency (barbiturates, tylenol)
    schedule III
  13. drugs that have a low potential for abuse relative to schedule III drugs (ativan, barbital, clonopin, librium, valium
    schedule IV
  14. drugs that have the lowest potential of controlled substances. (robitussin A-C syrup)
    schedule V
  15. an injury charactrized by partial tearing of a ligament that supports a joint.
    sprain
  16. injuries that excessively strech muscles or tendons
    strain
  17. Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation
    RICE
  18. Being infected with amebae. The disease is genally characterized by dysentery with diarrhea, weakness, prostration, nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain.
    amebiasis
  19. #1 cause of ulcers
    stress
  20. systemic antacid
    baking soda
  21. drugs that neutrilize hydrochloric acid in the stomach
    antacids
  22. agents that arrest or prevent vomiting
    antiemetics
  23. used to produce vomiting
    emetics
  24. What is heart disease
    building up of fatty plaques and hardening arteries.
  25. MI
    myocardium infarction (heart attack)
  26. The difference between a MI and angia
    with angia you haven't lost bp yet
  27. vasodilator
    lowers blood pressure
  28. vasopressor
    raises blood pressure
  29. oral blood thinner
    cumadin
  30. thromblitic agent
    breaks up thrombus
  31. used for the treatment of congestive heart failure
    digitalis
  32. MDI
    metered dose inhaler
  33. chemical agents that are structurally related to histamine and act to counter it effects by blocking histamine
    antihistamines
  34. congestion of the nasal mucosa may occur as a result if infection, allergy, inflammation, or emotional upset
    decongestants
  35. ease respiratory discomfort, facilitate sleep, and reduce irratation. Helps control coughing
    antitussive
  36. stimulates and decreases the thickness of respiratory tract secretions
    expectorants
  37. What is the antidote for a tylenol overdose
    mucanist
  38. What is the most common cause of a UTI
    E.coli
  39. what is the normal resperation of an adult
    12-20
  40. decreases reabsorbtion of soduim chloride by the kidneys
    diuretics
  41. UTI symptoms
    • burning or difficulty during urination
    • more frequent urination
    • passage of bloody appearing urine
    • puffiness around eyes, swelling of hands and feet
    • pain in small of the back
    • high blood pressure
  42. Gigantism is caused by
    hyperpituitarism
  43. Dwarfism is caused by
    hypopituitarism
  44. Cretinism in children and mywederma in adults is caused by
    hypothyroidism
  45. untreated hypothyroidism can cause
    Graves disease
  46. prolonged administration of adrenocortical hormones will cause
    Cushings syndrome
  47. a progessive condition associated with adrenal atrophy
    Addison's disease
  48. a metabolic disorder the disrupts the body's ability to produce or use insulin
    Diabetes Mellitus
  49. Warning signs and symptoms of diabetes
    • polyuria (frequent urination)
    • polydipsia ( excessive thirst)
    • polyphagia ( extreme hunger)
  50. differnece between a sedative and a hypnotic
    • sedative - produce a calming effect without causing sleep
    • hypnotic - causes sleep
  51. failure of the testies to descend into the scrotum
    cryptorchidism
  52. female hormone
    estrogen
  53. male hormone
    testosterone
  54. why would you not take estrogen
    if you have a blood clotting problem
  55. FSH
    follicle - stimulating hormone
  56. LH
    luteinizing hormone
  57. provide a fixed concentration of hormones throughout the entire cycle
    Monophasic
  58. vary both the estrogrn and progestin doseages with in the cycle in an effort to mimic the normal hormonal fluctuations found in women of childbearing age
    Triphasic
  59. contains estrogen and progesterone at varying levelss throughout the cycle
    Mircette

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