Human Anatomy Ch. 1 Vocab

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gatesabby
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31269
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Human Anatomy Ch. 1 Vocab
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2010-08-25 22:05:14
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human anatomy
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Human Anatomy Ch. 1 Vocab
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  1. branch of science dealing with the form and structure of body parts
    anatomy
  2. study of body functions
    physiology
  3. state of balance in which the body's internal environment remains in the normal range
    homeostasis
  4. substance that an endocrine gland secretes and that blood and body fluids transport
    hormones
  5. mechanism activated by an imbalance that corrects the imbalance (creates stability)
    _/\___/\___ /\_________
    /__\_ /_ \_ /__\_ /\/\/\/\/_
    \/ \/ \/
    negative feedback
  6. the original action stimulates more of the same type of action (leads to instability)

    ........../
    ......../
    ....../
    __/_____
    _/______
    positive feedback
  7. any disease causing agent
    pathogen
  8. skin and its accessory organs
    Integumentary System
  9. bones, ligaments and cartilages
    Skeletal System
  10. group of muscles
    Muscular System
  11. brain, spinal cord, nerves and sense organs
    Nervous System
  12. secretes hormones into the system
    Endocrine System
  13. heart, arteries, veins, capillaries and blood
    Cardiovascular System
  14. lymphatic vessels and fluid, lymph nodes, thymus gland and spleen
    Lymphatic System
  15. organs that take air in and out and exchange gases between the blood and air
    Respitory System
  16. absorbs nutrients and excretes waste
    Digestive System
  17. kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra
    Urinary System
  18. Levels of Organization
    Atom -> Molecule -> Macromolecule -> Organelle -> Cell -> Tissue -> Organ -> Organ/Body System -> Organism
  19. study of the blood and blood diseases
    Hematology
  20. branch of medicine dealing with children and their diseases
    Pediatrics
  21. study of the skin and its diseases
    Dermatology
  22. study of cancers
    Oncology
  23. dealing with older individuals and their medical problems
    Geriatrics
  24. study of the female reproductive system
    Gynecology
  25. branch of medicine dealing with the heart and its diseases
    Cardiology
  26. study of newborns and treatment of their disorders
    Neonatology
  27. study of the nervous system and its disorders
    Neurology
  28. dealing with pregnancy and childbirth
    Obstetrics
  29. study of hormones, hormone-secreting glands and their diseases
    Endocrinology
  30. dealing with muscular and skeletal systems and their problems
    Orthopedics
  31. study of structural and functional changes that disease causes
    Pathology
  32. study of structure, function, and abnormalities of cells
    Cytology
  33. study of drugs and their uses
    Pharmacology
  34. study of care and treatment of feet
    Podiatry
  35. dealing with the mind and its disorders
    Psychiatry
  36. study of xrays and radioactive substances and their uses as treatment
    Radiology
  37. dealing with urinary systems
    Urology
  38. Relative Positions
    above or towards head
    superior
  39. Relative Positions
    below or towards feet
    inferior
  40. Relative Positions
    towards the front
    anterior
  41. Relative Positions
    towards the back
    posterior
  42. Relative Positions
    close to the imaginary midline
    medial
  43. Relative Positions
    toward the side
    lateral
  44. Relative Positions
    closer to the point of attachment
    proximal
  45. Relative Positions
    farther from point of attachment
    distal

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