exaggerated fear of an object or specific situation
ex: tin foil, cotton balls, plane, heights
fear of large crowds, escape may be difficult and help could be limited if a panic attack occurs. linked to panic disorders / anxiety. person stays at home doesnt leave much. statys with trusted individual or spouse.
OCD [obsessive compulsive disorder]
obsessions become uncontrollable and interfere with everyday life
ex true life i have OCD [death, rituals]
major depression = serious mood disorder highs and lows, anti social. sleeps a lot. something bad is going to happen always negative
manic highs manic lows
lows: sleep a lot
highs: sex drugs alcohol
ex: kurt cobain killed himself in a manic low. he was on drugs and had groupies for when he had a high.
persons vulnerability interacts with stressful events
depression and vulnerability stress model of depression
2-life experiences- inner city kids vs rural kids
3-loss of a loved one or a close relationship- both present and past [mother father boyfriend]
4-cognitive habts- all negative thoughs
marcissistic personality disorder?
obsessed with one self a little toooo much<3 them self like WOAH
inability to feel normal emotions
no remorse, guilt, empathy for the pain that they cause others
[serial killer, serial rapist]
antisocial personality disorder [APD]
-fail to hold job or meet obligations
causes of APD ?
1-abnoraml in central nervous system
2-impared frontal lobe function- inability to control responses to frustration and provocation
3-genetic influences- abused as a child bad genes
alocholoism happens more...
in a culture that doesnt allow children to drin [usa]
multiple personality disorder?
think they are more than one person
-hannah montana and miley cyrus
1-delusions- dogs are aliens disguised as pets
2-hallucinations- happens and seems soooo real but it never happened
3-disorganized incoherent speech
4-grossly disorganized inapproriate behavior
5-impaired cognitive abilities-speech motor skills etc
shizo - why?
5-brain development issues in adolecence
for depression, impulse control, and bipolar.
reduce / block sensitivity of brain receptors that respond to dopamine
boot norepinephrine and serotonn levels preventing the normal reabsorption
symptoms always return when medication is stopped.
pretects brain cells from being overstimulated by another nurotransmitter glutamate
problems with drugs for disorders?
1-placebo effect- will respong quickly due to the "hype" they think it is working but eventutally the effects fade and the drug simply isnt working
2-high drop out- 1/2 to 2/3 will stop taking the drugs due to unpleasant side affects relapse
3-dosage problems- not the right dose not enough or too much
4-unknown long term effects
cut out parts of the brain that are causing emotional problems or or disturbing behavior
electroconvulsive therapy [ECT]
shock therapy [to help brain waves functin "normally"]
talk about dreams and memories of childhood
explore unconcious dynamics of personality defenses and conflicts
transference -- feelings about parents
behavioral therapy ?
1-exposure - bringing them gradually to the object they fear
2-systematic disensitization- step by step process [true life death]
3- behavioral self monitoring- looking for the unattractive habits on your own
4-skills training- "dont be shy" "dont yell"
FLOODING=THROWING THE CLIENT INTO THE FEARED SITUATION HEAD FIRST
identify beliefs and expectations that might be the reason for anger fear anxiety depressin etc.
rational emotional therapy ?
client-"no one likes me"
dr-"do you really have not one friend" "has no one been nice to you this year" "how do you know that"
client centered therapy?
emphassize warmth and empathy identify with clients feelings
helps clients meaning ad helps with the question of life. why am i here?