Phleb final

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gailhart
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31291
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Phleb final
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2010-08-26 01:00:08
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phlebotomy
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  1. Phlebotomists are an important part of the health care team because they:
    A. represent the laboratory and the instution
    B. are in direct contact with the patient
    C. perform tasks that are critical to the patients diagnosis
    D. all of the above
    D
  2. Phlebotomist often have many duties and tasks. Which is the primary duty?
    A. specimen processing
    B. specimen accession
    C. collecting venous blood specimens
    D. collecting arterial blood specimens
    C
  3. Which laboratory employee has the most education and is usually a comsultant to other physicians
    A. pathologist
    B. MT, medical technologist
    C. MLT, medical laboratory technician
    D. CLA, clinical laboratory assistant
    A
  4. When a patient refuses to have blood drawn, the phlebotomist should do all of the following except
    A. contact the patient's nurse or physician
    B. return the requisition to the laboratory
    C. force the patient to have blood drawn
    D. try to convience the patient to have blood drawn
    C
  5. The most common source of laboratory error is:
    A. bacterial
    B. chemical
    C. clerical
    D. technical
    C
  6. What laboratory department tests a type and cross match
    A. chemistry
    B. cytology
    C. immunohematology
    D. mircobiology
    C
  7. A geriatric patient is
    A. a oatient in labor for childbirth
    B. a newborn
    C. a dialysis patient
    D. an elderly patient
    D
  8. Perhaps the single most important step in phlebotomy, and often where errors occurs
    A. cleansing the site
    B. patient identification
    C. using a clean needle
    D. using proper evacuation tube
    B
  9. Therapeutic phlebotomy is performed as a treatment for patients with:
    A. diabetes mellitus
    B. hepatitis
    C. lymphocytic leukemia
    D. polycythermia vera
    D
  10. What laboratory department does the pap test?
    A. chemistry
    B. cytology
    C. urinalysis
    D. microbiology
    B
  11. The hematocrit test is performed in what department of the laboratory
    A. hematology
    B. chemistry
    C. urinalysis
    D. microbiology
    A
  12. What hospital department care for newborn infants?
    A. oncology
    B. orthopedic
    C. nephrology
    D. neonatal
    D
  13. What hospital department cares for patients with cancer?
    A. oncology
    B. orthopedics
    C. nephrology
    D. neonatal
    A
  14. What hospital department performs dialysis on patients?
    A. oncology
    B. orthopedics
    C. nephrology
    D. neonatal
    C
  15. Where in a hospital would you find a patient in labor for childbirth?
    A. oncology
    B. obstetrics
    C. nephrology
    D. nenatal
    B
  16. Where in a hospital would you find a patient with broken bones?
    A. orthopedics
    B. obstetrics
    C. nephrology
    D. neonatal
    A
  17. Which of the following is not a preanalytical variable of specimen collection?
    A.patient identification
    B. specimen transport
    C. skin preparation
    D. specimen testing
    D
  18. Which is the organization the does quality checks of the laboratory through surveys and sample specimens?
    A. Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute
    B. College of American Pathologist
    C. Occupational Safety and Health Administration
    D. National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences
    B
  19. Which is a quality assurance plan that not only aims to meet minimum standards, but also seeks to constantly improve performance?
    A. quality control
    B. proficiency testing
    C. continuous quality improvement
    D. none of the above
    C
  20. Routine urine
    urinalysis
  21. blood cultures
    microbiology
  22. complete blood count
    hematology
  23. blood glucose
    chemistry
  24. comprehensive metabolic panel
    chemistry
  25. What should you do if you accidently stick yourself with a contaminated needle?
    A. clean the area with alcohol and continue working
    B. of the patient is not in isolation, do nothing
    C. wash your hands and clean and bandage the puncture site. Record the patients name, ID number, report the incedent to your supervisor, and fill out an incident report
    D. quit your job
    C
  26. Handwahing:
    A. dries out your skin
    B. is not important to health care
    C. is the best way to prevent the spread of infection
    D. is a waste of time
    C
  27. Which disease requires the use of repiratory (airborne) precautions?
    A. hepatitis B
    B. salmonella
    C. staphylococcal skin abscess
    D. tuberculosis
    D
  28. The primary purpose of infection control is to:
    A. determine the source of a communicable disease
    B. isolate patients from other patients and visitors
    C. protect the patient from outside contamination
    D. prevent the spread of communable diseases within the health care facility
    D
  29. All of the following are vaccine - preventable disease except
    A. AIDS
    B. hepatitis B
    C. polio
    D. mumps
    A
  30. Gloves should be worn:
    A. during all venipuncture and capillary puncture
    B. for HIV - positive patients only
    C. only in cases of isolation
    D. only when on the laboratory
    A
  31. The single most important way to prevent the spread of infection in a hospital or other health care facility is:
    A. gowning and gloving
    B. handwashing
    C. wearing gloves
    D. avoiding breathing on patients
    B
  32. The name given to an infection that a patient aquires after admission to a health care facility is:
    A. nosocomial
    B. antibiotic resistant
    C. communicable
    D. HBV vaccine
    A
  33. Which of the following is not classified as personal protective equipment (PPE)?
    A. gloves
    B. lab coat
    C. goggles
    D. HBV vaccine
    D
  34. All of the following are components in the chain of infection except:
    A. gloves
    B. lab coat
    C. goggles
    D. HBV vaccine
    D
  35. A potential source of infectious material from a patient in protective isolation includes:
    A. feces
    B. none (the phlebotomist is considered a potential source of infection to the patient)
    C. urine
    D. blood
    B
  36. Aerosols can be prouced by:
    A. centrifuging open serum tubes
    B. popping the top off blood tubes
    C. pouring off a serum sample
    D. all of the above
    D
  37. When coming in contact with patients under airborne precautions, it is necessary to wear:
    A. a mask
    B. gloves
    C. a gown
    D. a and b
    D
  38. Standard precautions state that if there is a possiblity of coming into contact with a patient's blood, or any other body fluid, you must wear
    A. a gown
    B. goggles
    C. gloves
    D. nothing, but wash your hands immediately
    C
  39. According to Standard precautions, blood fluids from which group are considered biohazardous?
    A. IV drug users
    B. homosexuals
    C. HIV positive patients
    D. all blood and body fluids
    D
  40. According to Standard Precautions, all used needles are to be disposed of in the following manner:
    A. recapped
    B. discarded intact
    C. bent
    D. broken or cut off
    B
  41. A person who has a buildup of fluids in their entire body is known to be:
    A. fat
    B. anemic
    C. edematous
    D. comatose
    C
  42. airborne precautions
    pathogens are transmitted on dust particles in air currents
  43. droplet precautions
    pathogens are transmitted in droplets when a person coughs, sneezes, or talks
  44. contract precautions
    pathogens are transmitted by direct or indirect contract
  45. Standard Precautions
    developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to reduce the transmission of pathogens from bith known and unknown sources in a health care setting
  46. portal of entry
    the way pathogens get into the body, nose, or skin breaks
  47. fluid from the joints
    synovial
  48. Fluid from the penis
    seminal
  49. fluid from the lungs
    pleural
  50. fluid surrounding an unborn child
    amniotic
  51. fluid surrounding the heart
    pericardial
  52. fluid surrounding the spinal column
    cerebrospinal
  53. fluid surrounding the abdominal area
    peritoneal
  54. anatomy is the study if the:
    A. shape and stucture of the body
    B. function of a body part
    C. formation of a body part
    D. formation of red blood cells
    A
  55. The study of the function of each body part and how the functions coordinate is called:
    A. hematology
    B. chemistry
    C. physiology
    D. anatomy
    C
  56. The part of the body that controls the activities of the cell (brain) is the:
    A, golgo apparatus
    B. nucleus
    C. cell membrane
    D. mitochondria
    B
  57. The system responsible for body movement:
    A. nervous
    B. circularty
    C. skeletal
    D muscle
    D
  58. skeltal muscle is also know as:
    A. involuntary
    B. voluntary
    C. reactionary
    D.smooth
    B
  59. The type of respiration where oxygen rich blood diffuses the oxygen into tissue cells is
    A. osmosis
    B. external
    C. internal
    D. diffusion
    C
  60. Lymph fluid is also called
    A. interstitial
    B. serum
    C. plasma
    D. blood
    A
  61. When the body system work together to form a steady state, it is referred to as:
    A. anabolism
    B. homeostasis
    C. metabolosm
    D. catabolism
    B
  62. The process of using simple substances to build more complex substances is called:
    A. anabolism
    B. homeostasis
    C. metabolism
    D. catabolism
    A
  63. The process of producing energy by breaking down complex compounds is:
    A. anabolism
    B. homeostasis
    C. metabolism
    D. catabolism
    D
  64. The process of making substances or breaking down substances so that the body can function is:
    A. anabolism
    B. homeostasis
    C. metabolism
    D. catabolism
    C
  65. The channel for transporting material in and out of the necleus is the:
    A. golgi apparatus
    B. enoplasmic reticulum
    C. mitochondria
    D. lysosomes
    B
  66. Rhe cell structure that digests enzymes and breaks down cellular components is the:
    A. golgi apparatus
    B. nucleus
    C. lysosomes
    D. mitochondria
    C
  67. The tissue that protects the body by covering internal and extrenal surfaces is:
    A. epithelial tissue
    B. connective tissue
    C. nervous tissue
    D. muscle tissue
    A
  68. Which of the following supports and connects organs and tissue?
    A. epithelial tissue
    B. connective tissue
    C. nervous tissue
    D. muscle tissue
    B
  69. Which type of muscle makes up the muscles of the body?
    A, cardiac
    B. skeletal
    C. smooth
    D. all of the above
    D
  70. The layer of the integumentry system that contains the blood system is the:
    A. epidermis
    B. dermis
    C. epidermis and dermis
    D. none of the above
    B
  71. frontal plane
    divides at the right angle to the median plan to give equal anterior and posterior sections
  72. transverse plane
    divides the body into equal top and bottom sections
  73. median plane
    divides the body into equal right and left sections
  74. distal
    furthest from the point of attachment
  75. proximal
    toward the point of attachment
  76. The function of the leukocyte is to
    A. carry oxygen
    B. carry nuteints
    C. fight infection
    D.stop bleeding
    C
  77. What is the difference between plasma is serum
    A. serum comes from anticoagulated blood; plasma does not
    B. plasma contains fibrinogen; serum does not
    C. serum contains fibrinogen; plasma does not
    D. plasma is found only in the body
    B
  78. The life span of the red blood cell is approximately
    A. 1 year
    B. 30 days
    C. 9-12 days
    D. 120 days
    D
  79. The function of the erythrocyte is to
    A. carry oxygen
    B. carry nutrients
    C. fight infection
    D. stop bleeding
    A
  80. The buffy coat consists of
    A.erythrocytes and leukocytes
    B. leukocytes only
    C. leukocytes and thrombocytes
    D. leukocytes and plasma
    C
  81. What is the substance in erythrocytes that carries oxygen
    A. albumin
    B. glucose
    C. hemoglobin
    D. soduim chloride
    C

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