Modern History - Nazi Racial Policy

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  1. PARAGRAPH 1
    January 1939
    • Hitler delivered a speech to the Reichstag in which he
    • threatened the annihilation of the Jews, and if war comes it will result in the
    • destruction of the Jewish race in Europe.
  2. PARAGRAPH 1
    2 September 1939
    • Poland invaded - Hitler’s hatred of the Jews – saw polish Jews were the biggest
    • threat, large Jewish population became subjected to violence
  3. PARAGRAPH 1
    Nov 1939
    • all Jews in Poland were ordered to wear a yellow star to
    • identify them. This regulation was later extended throughout all German-controlled
    • lands (IMPACT ON EUROPE)
  4. PARAGRAPH 1
    1939
    • Jewish inhabitants of major towns and cities began to be
    • herded into ghettos – disease, overcrowding. Warsaw ghetto was the largest –
    • where thousands died from starvation.
  5. PARAGRAPH 1
    by 1945...
    Almost all of Poland’s 3.5 million Jews were dead
  6. PARAGRAPH 1
    K. S. Pinson – German historian says...
    • Nazi ideology saw the Jew as the root of all their problems and their
    • biggest enemy
  7. PARAGRAPH 2
    Gypsies
    • *Were labelled as ‘non-Aryan’
    • *Sent to ghettos in Poland and special gypsy camps in Auschwitz – where many became the subject of medical experimentation
    • *It is estimated over 200 000 of a total of almost 900 000 European Gypsies were victims of the Holocaust.
  8. PARAGRAPH 2
    The Disabled
    • *Were the subject of the sterilisation law and the Nazi definition of ‘handicapped’ for sterilisation was very loose, and included prostitutes and alcoholics
    • *The beginning of the war saw the introduction of a euthanasia program which was designed to give a ‘mercy death’ to unproductive people, thus disguised as aiding Germany in its war effort
  9. PARAGRAPH 2
    Homosexuals
    un-German and unnatural – designated life unworthy of life
  10. PARAGRAPH 2
    Adolf Hitler – Mein Kampf
    Hitler clearly states in his book that Jews are inferior compared to the Aryan race and are seen as parasites. He also outlines his plans for a pure Aryan race, untainted by Jews.
  11. PARAGRAPH 3
    1941
    Russia invaded by Hitler – measures against Jews were intensified
  12. PARAGRAPH 3
    Einstazgruppen
    • *Groups of about 3000 men whose orders were to kill all Jews:
    • men, women and children, and other undesirables in occupied territories in the
    • East
    • *no attempt at hiding activities and most victims were shot and buried in
    • mass graves
    • *Special units formed within the SS under the authority of Reinhard Heydrich
  13. PARAGRAPH 3
    Historian Daniel J. Golghagen believes
    The mass murder of the Jews was a consistent plan of Hitler’s. Without the Nazis there never would have been a Holocaust, but they came to power in a country with a long history of anti-Semitism and so the killing of Jews was not forced upon the German people, and many ordinary German’s saw it as right and just.
  14. PARAGRAPH 4
    1942
    new laws were introduced that stripped Jews of even more of their remaining rights –couldn’t travel beyond local community without police permit
  15. PARAGRAPH 4
    20 Jan 1942
    • * Wannsee conference
    • *Heydrich called a secret conference where selected Nazis decided on the arrangements for the ‘Final Solution’ to the ‘Jewish Problem’
    • *Jews were to be removed from homelands/ghettos and taken to the east in overcrowded freight wagons
    • *Those who were unfit/old were taken to extermination camps & those who were fit were sent to concentration camps to be worked to death
  16. PARAGRAPH 4
    1942 - camps
    6 extermination camps were set up in occupied Poland (IMPACT ON EUROPE), including Auschwitz, where more than 4 million people were murdered between 1941 an 1944
  17. PARAGRAPH 4
    until 1944...
    *The extermination in camps continued until 1944, when the advancing Russians overran the camps. *Number of Jews who died at Nazi hands – approx 6 million
  18. PARAGRAPH 4
    Alan Bullock – British historian
    Believes Hitler didn’t have the ability or interest to properly organise the final solution, so instead he left it to Himmler and Heydrich

Card Set Information

Author:
Anonymous
ID:
31307
Filename:
Modern History - Nazi Racial Policy
Updated:
2010-08-26 10:32:49
Tags:
modern history nazi racial policy HSC ww2
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Description:
notes for Nazi racial policy (1939 - 1945) and it's impact on Europe
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