Module 7 8 Weather

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  1. The condition of the earth's atmosphere (mostly the troposphere) at any particular time
    weather
  2. a steady condition that prevails day in and day out in a particular region of creation.
    climate
  3. what 3 factors influence a region's weather.
    • 1. thermal energy
    • 2. uneven distribution of thermal energy
    • 3. water vapor in atmosphere
  4. What is thermal energy? where is thermal energy coming from?
    heat energy, the sun
  5. in what form does water vapor exist in the atmosphere?
    gaseous form as humidity or clouds
  6. What are the four groups meteorologists separate clouds into?
    • cirrus
    • stratus
    • cumulus
    • lenticular
  7. BOOK page 158 identify clouds
    • cumulus
    • cirrus
    • stratus
    • lenticular
  8. What does alto mean in a cloud name?
    Higher than normal altitude for that type of cloud.
  9. What does nimbo of nimbus.
    A dark cloud.
  10. Does dark clouds or light clouds result in precipitation?
    Dark clouds.
  11. `What does the word cumulus mean?
    Apile
  12. What are cumulus clouds?
    They are white fluffy clouds that look like cotton in the sky.
  13. Unusually large, upward-moving wind currents can produce what kind of tall towering cloud?
    Cumulonimbus cloud.
  14. What are cumulonimbus clouds typically called?
    Thunder clouds.
  15. What's unique about thunder clouds?
    They are white and fluffy on top, and dark on the bottom.
  16. Where are cirrus clouds located?
    In the troposphere.
  17. What are cirrus clouds made of?
    Ice crystals.
  18. Where are stratus clouds located in the sky?
    Low in the atmosphere.
  19. How are stratus clouds formed?
    When a mass of warm air is lifted up slowly.
  20. What does the word stratus mean?
    Layer
  21. Like cumulonimbus clouds what can nimbostratus clouds do?
    They can become dark precipitating clouds.
  22. Where are lenticular clouds found or formed in?
    In mountainous regions.
  23. What regions have pockets of low pressure?
    In mountainous regions.
  24. When air encounters low pressured areas, what happens?
    They expand.
  25. If condensed air cool enough what happens?
    It will form different types of clouds.
  26. What does lenticular mean?
    It means Lens-shaped.
  27. Can clouds go through between two differ types?
    Yes
  28. What is the light that comes toward us from the sun called?
    Insolation
  29. What is the abbreviation for insolation?
    Incoming solar radiation
  30. Does the earth orbit the sun in a perfect circle?
    No
  31. What is an aphelion?
    It is the point at which the earth is farthest from the sun.
  32. What is a Perihelion?
    It's the point at which the earth is farthest from the sun in it's orbit.
  33. Does the earth bla bla bla bla
    oh yes it does whooooooooooo!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
  34. What are lines of longitude?
    Imaginary lines that run north and south across the earth.
  35. What is lines of latitude?
    Imaginary lines that run east and west across the earth.
  36. What is the prime meridian?
    It is the center of the earth in latitude wise.
  37. What is the equator?
    It's the center of the earth in longitude wise.
  38. When does hot air rise?
    When a given volume of hot air is lighter than a given volume of cold air.
  39. Does Hot air rise and cold air sink?
    Yes
  40. Does cold air rise, and hot air sink?
    No
  41. What is the Coriolis effect?
    It is the way in which the rotation of the earth bends the path of winds, sea currents, and objects that fly immensely through different latitudes.
  42. Sea breeze definition.....
    Because land heats up faster than water during the day, the land is warmer than the water. The temperature difference causes a surface breeze that blows from the water to the land.
  43. Land breeze definition.....
    Because land cools faster than water during the night, the land is cooler than the water. This temperature difference causes a breeze opposite to the one that happens during the day.
  44. Air mass definition.....
    A large body of air with relatively uniform pressure, temperature, and humidity.
  45. Weather front definition.....
    A boundary between two air masses.
  46. When two air masses collide and neither moves, what is the result?
    Stationary front
  47. Suppose you were to observer a long, light rain. After the rain is over and the sky is clear, would you expect warmer temperatures or colder temperatures?
    Long, light rains are typical of warm fronts. This means that warmer air is moving in on a colder air mass. Once the warm air is done moving in, the weather clears, and there should be warmer temperatures.
Author:
ethanjenn
ID:
313126
Card Set:
Module 7 8 Weather
Updated:
2015-12-13 00:29:44
Tags:
Weather Module apologia physical science
Folders:
Physical Science 8
Description:
Module 7-8 Weather Test
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