Phylum Arthropoda 2

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  1. 3 tagamata of Hexapoda
    • Head
    • Thorax
    • Abdome
  2. Characteristics of Crustacea
    • 2 pairs of antennae
    • Gills
    • Compound eyes
    • Complex life cycle
  3. What kind of larvae do Crustacea have?
    Nauplius larva
  4. What do copepods use to swim?
    Antennae
  5. What animal is an important trophic link between producers and predators?
    Zooplankton
  6. Class Copepoda
    zooplankton
  7. What is the largest class in Subphylum Crustacea?
    Class Malocostraca
  8. Three types of Malacostraca
    • Isopods- rolly pollys
    • Amphipods- krill
    • Decopods- shrimp
  9. In what habitats are shrimp found?
    Benthic habitats
  10. What animals are key in the most destructive fishing practices?
    Shrimp
  11. Characteristics of shrimp (2)
    • Scavengers 
    • Good swimmers
  12. What is the most efficent way to catch fish?
    Trawl fishing
  13. Trawl fishing (2)
    • Large nets dragged on bottom 
    • Destructive to habitat
  14. Bycatch
    Incidental catch of non target species (trawl fishing)
  15. Pandalus platyeros (3)
    • Spot prawns
    • Largest shrimp in us west coast
    • Sustainable trap or pot fishery
  16. 3 types of lobster
    • Slipper lobster
    • American Lobster
    • Spiny lobster
  17. General Characteristics of Subphylum Hexapoda (6)
    • Terrestrial 
    • 3 tagmata
    • 3 pairs of legs on thorax
    • No abdominal appendages
    • Compound eyes
    • Wings
  18. What animal group has the greatest species diversity?
    Hexapoda
  19. What Phylum contained the first land animals?
    Phylum Hexapoda
  20. Complex sensory organs of insects (4)
    • Vision 
    • Hearing 
    • Olfaction
    • Tough
  21. What were the first animals to evolve the ability to fly?
    Insects
  22. What are wings?
    Cuticular extensions of the dorsal thorax that do not forfeit functionality of appendages
  23. How is powered flight advantageous? (3)
    • Escaping predators
    • Colonizing new regions
    • Move efficiently to patchy resources
  24. 2 implications of complete metamorphosis
    • Implies ecological difference between life stages
    • Pupal stages can evade harsh seasonal conditions
  25. Ommatidia
    Single eye of insects with a single axon leading to the brain
  26. How are compound eyes better for insects? (3)
    • Vision is in pixels
    • Better at detecting movement
    • Can see ultraviolet light spectrum
  27. Subphylum Myriapoda 
    • Chilopoda-centipedes
    • Diplopoda- millipedes
  28. Class Chilopoda (3)
    • 1 pair of leg per segment
    • Primitive
    • Venomous
  29. Class Diplopoda (3)
    • 2 pairs of legs per segment
    • Derived
    • Non venomous
  30. Subphylum Chelicerata (4)
    • 2 tagmata- cephalothorax and abdomen
    • Chelicerea
    • 4 pairs of walking legs
    • No Antennae
  31. Class Merostomata 
    Horseshoe Crab
  32. What is the horseshoe crab's body covered by?
    Carapace
  33. Class Pycnogonida
    Benthic "Sea Spiders"
  34. Class Arachnida (3)
    • Diverse
    • Terrestrial predators
    • Mites
  35. Crabs (2)
    • Scavengers
    • Internal fertilization
  36. Hermit Crab (2)
    • Soft abdomen 
    • Use gastropod shells for protection
Author:
lduran8
ID:
313129
Card Set:
Phylum Arthropoda 2
Updated:
2015-12-12 23:44:31
Tags:
arthropods
Folders:
zoology3
Description:
continuation of the phylum arthropoda
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