Medical Terminology Reproductive System

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  1. cervic/o
    cervix
  2. colp/o
    vagina
  3. -gravida
    pregnant
  4. gynec/o
    woman, female
  5. hyster/o
    uterus
  6. mast/o
    breast
  7. men/o
    menstruation, menses
  8. orchid/o
    testicles
  9. ov/o
    egg, ovum
  10. ovari/o
    ovary
  11. -para
    to give birth
  12. -pexy
    surgical fixation
  13. salping/o
    uterine (fallopian) tube
  14. test/i
    testicle, testis
  15. vagin/o
    vagina
  16. amenorrhea
    The abnormal absence of menstrual periods for 3 months or more.
  17. amniocentesis
    A surgical puncture with a needle to obtain a specimen of amniotic fluid.
  18. andropause
    The decrease of the male hormone testosterone.
  19. Apgar score
    A scale of 1-10 to evaluate a newborn infant's physical status at 1 and 5 minutes after birth.
  20. azoospermia
    The absence of sperm in the semen.
  21. cervical dysplasia
    The presence of precancerous changes in the cells that make up the inner lining of the cervix.
  22. cervicitis
    Inflammation of the cervix.
  23. chlamydia
    A sexually transmitted disease caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis.
  24. chorionic villus sampling
    A diagnostic test to search for genetic abnormalities in the developing fetus.
  25. colostrum
    The specialized form of milk that delivers essential nutrients and antibodies in a form that the newborn can digest.
  26. colpopexy
    The surgical fixation of the vagina to a surrounding structure.
  27. colporrhaphy
    Surgical suturing of a tear in the vagina.
  28. colposcopy
    Direct visual examination of the tissues of the cervix and vagina using a binocular magnifier called a colposcope.
  29. dysmenorrhea
    Difficult or painful menstruation caused by uterine cramps.
  30. eclampsia
    A more serious form of preeclampsia that is characterized by convulsions and sometimes coma.
  31. ectopic pregnancy
    A condition in which a fertilized egg is implanted and begins to develop outside of the uterus; also known as an extrauterine pregnancy.
  32. endocervicitis
    Inflammation of the mucous membrane lining of the cervix.
  33. endometriosis
    A condition in which patches of endometrial tissue escape the uterus and become attached to other structures in the pelvic cavity.
  34. epididymitis
    Inflammation of the epididymis; also called epididymo-orchitis.
  35. episiotomy
    A surgical incision of the perineum to facilitate delivery and prevent laceration of the tissues.
  36. fibroadenoma
    A round, firm, rubbery mass that arises from excess growth of glandular and connective tissue in the breast.
  37. fibrocystic breast disease
    The presence of single or multiple benign cysts located in the breasts.
  38. galactorrhea
    The production of breast milk in women who are not breastfeeding that is caused by a malfunction of the thyroid or pituitary gland.
  39. gonorrhea
    A highly contagious sexually transmitted disease caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae.
  40. hematospermia
    The presence of blood in the seminal fluid.
  41. hydrocele
    A fluid-filled sac in the scrotum that is located along the spermatic cord leading from the testicles.
  42. hypomenorrhea
    An unusually small amount of menstrual flow during a shortened regular menstrual period.
  43. hysterectomy
    The surgical removal of the uterus that may or may not include the removal of the cervix.
  44. hysterosalpingography
    A radiographic examination of the uterus and fallopian tubes following the instillation of radio-opaque material.
  45. hysteroscopy
    The direct visual examination of the interior of the uterus and fallopian tubes using the magnification of a hysteroscope.
  46. leukorrhea
    A profuse whitish mucus discharge from the uterus and vagina.
  47. mastalgia
    Pain in the breast; also known as mastodynia.
  48. mastopexy
    A surgical procedure to affix sagging breasts into a more elevated position.
  49. menarche
    The beginning of the menstrual function at puberty.
  50. menometrorrhagia
    Excessive uterine bleeding occurring both at the usual time of menstrual periods and at other irregular intervals between periods.
  51. metrorrhea
    An abnormal discharge, such as mucus or pus, from the uterus.
  52. neonate
    A newborn infant during the first 4 weeks after birth.
  53. nulligravida
    A woman who has never been pregnant.
  54. nullipara
    A woman who has never borne a viable child.
  55. obstetrician
    A physician who specializes in providing medical care to women during pregnancy, childbirth, and immediately thereafter.
  56. oligomenorrhea
    Infrequent or very light menstruation in a woman with previously normal periods.
  57. oophorectomy
    The surgical removal of one or both ovaries.
  58. orchidectomy
    The surgical removal of one or both testicles; also known as an orchiectomy.
  59. orchiopexy
    Endoscopic surgery to move an undescended testicle into its normal position in the scrotum.
  60. ovariorrhexis
    The rupture of an ovary.
  61. perimenopause
    The transition phase between regular menstrual periods and no periods at all.
  62. Peyronie's disease
    A form of sexual dysfunction in which the penis is bent or curved during erection.
  63. placenta previa
    The abnormal implantation of the placenta in the lower portion of the uterus.
  64. polycystic ovary syndrome
    A condition caused by a hormonal imbalance in which the ovaries are enlarged by the presence of many cysts formed by incompletely developed follicles.
  65. preeclampsia
    A complication of pregnancy characterized by hypertension, edema, and proteinuria; also known as toxemia or pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH).
  66. priapism
    A painful erection that lasts 4 or more hours and is not accompanied by sexual excitement.
  67. primigravida
    A woman during her first pregnancy.
  68. primipara
    A woman who has borne one viable child.
  69. pruritus vulvae
    Severe itching of the external female genitalia.
  70. salpingo-oophorectomy
    The surgical removal of a fallopian tube and an ovary.
  71. syphilis
    A sexually transmitted disease caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum.
  72. trichomoniasis
    An infection caused by the protozoan parasiteTrichomonas vaginalis
  73. uterine prolapse
    The condition in which the uterus slides from its normal position in the pelvic cavity and sags into the vagina.
  74. varicocele
    A knot of widening varicose veins in one side of the scrotum.
  75. vasovasostomy
    A procedure performed as an attempt to restore fertility to a vasectomized male; also known as a vasectomy reversal.

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Becho
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313134
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Medical Terminology Reproductive System
Updated:
2015-12-13 03:36:58
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Medical Terminology Reproductive System
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